- Komati River
The Komati River (also called Incomati River) is a river in
South Africa, Swazilandand Mozambique. It is convert|480|km|mi|0 long, with a drainage basinconvert|50000|km2|sqmi|-2 in size. Its mean annual discharge is 111 m³/s (3,920 cfs) at its mouth. [cite book |last= Nakayama |first= Mikiyasu |title= International Waters in Southern Africa |year= 2003 |publisher= United Nations University Press |isbn= 9280810774 |pages= p. 9; online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Ittv1oAJ37sC Google Books] ] The name Komati is derived from "inkomati" (siSwati), meaning "cow", as its perennial nature is compared to a cow that always has milk. [cite book|last = du Plessis|first = E.J.|coauthors =|title = Suid-Afrikaanse berg- en riviername|publisher = Tafelberg-uitgewers, Cape Town|year = 1973|pages = pp. 251|isbn = 0-624-00273X]
The river rises at an elevation of about 5,000 feet near
Breytenin the Ermelodistrict of the Mpumalangaprovince. [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9045967/Komati-River Online Encyclopedia Brittanica] ] . It flows in a general northeasterly direction and reaches the Indian Oceanat Delagoa Bay, after a course of some convert|480|km|mi|0. The Komati Gorgeis situated in the upper reaches of the Komati River and is the habitatof some endangered speciessuch as the Southern Bald Ibis. [ [http://www.luminatechnologies.org/luminawws.html C. Michael Hogan and Amy Gregory, "Ecology of Komati Gorge", July 22, 2006] ] In 2001 the 115m high wall of the Maguga Damwas completed south of Piggs Peak, Swaziland, coord|25|56|51|S|30|04|53|E|type:river.
In its upper valley near Steynsdorp are gold-fields, but the reefs consist almost entirely of low grade ore. The river descends the Drakensberg by a pass 30 miles south of Barberton, and is deflected northward at the eastern border of Swaziland, keeping a course parallel to the Lebombo mountains. Just west of 32°E and 25°25'S, near the town of
Komatipoort, it is joined by the Crocodile River, one of several river in South Africa by that name. The Crocodile tributary rises, as the Elands River, in the Bergendal (1,961m) near the upper waters of the Komati, and flows eastwards across the highveld, being turned northward as it reaches the Drakensberg escarpment. The fall to the lowveld is over 600m in convert|30|mi|km|0, and across the convert|100|mi|km|0 wide country between the Drakensberg and the Lebombo there is a further fall of 900m.
Just over a kilometre below the junction of the Crocodile, the united stream, which from this point is also known as the Manhissa, passes to the coastal plain through a 190m high cleft, high in the Lebombo known as
Komati Poort, where there are some picturesque falls. At Komati Poort, which marks the frontier between South Africa and Mozambique, the river is less than convert|60|mi|km|0 from its mouth in a direct line, but in crossing the plain it makes a wide sweep of convert|200|mi|km|0, first northwards before turning southwards, forming lagoon-like expanses and backwaters and receiving from the north several tributaries. In flood time there is a connection northward through the swamps with the basin of the Limpopo. The Komati enters the sea convert|15|mi|km|0 north of Maputo. It is navigable from its mouth, where the water is up to 5m deep, to the foot of the Lebombo.
The Portuguese named the river's lower reaches the Rio des Reijs, or "river of rice". Subsequently
Jan van Riebeeck's journal mentions a Rio de Reijs, when he dispatched a ship up the east coast in search of rice supplies. [cite book|last = Thom|first = H.B.|coauthors =|title = Journal of Jan van Riebeeck|publisher = A.A. Balkema, Cape Town|year = 1952|pages = p. 243|isbn = ] In voortrekker Louis Tregardt's journal it is referred to as the Manhissa, [cite book|last = Preller|first = G.S.|coauthors =|title = Dagboek van Louis Trichardt|publisher = Nas. Pers Bpk., Cape Town|year = 1938|pages = p. 334, footnote|isbn = ] a name still extant, while to the British it was known as the King George River. [cite book|last = Robertson|first = J.W.|coauthors =|title = Traveller's Guide for South Africa|publisher = The Standard Printing Co., East London|date = |pages = pp. VIII|isbn = ]
In 1725 a Dutch expedition led by Francois de Kuiper explored the region of the lower Komati and travelled 30km into the current Mpumalanga province, before they were attacked by local tribes and had to return to Delagoa Bay.
September 23, 1900during the Second Boer War, 3,000 Boers crossed the frontier at the small town of Komati Poort, and surrendered to the Portuguese authorities. On November 7, 1900 the banks of the Komati became the site of a battle between the British Empireand the Boers. The Battle of Leliefonteinwas a retreat by the British, harassed by the Boers, who were threatening to capture the British Artillery. The British guns were saved by the Royal Canadian Dragoonswho charged the Boers, whereby they placed the guns out of their reach.
The railway from
Maputoto Pretoriatraverses the plain in a direct line, and at seventy-two kilometres, reaches the Komati. It follows the south bank of the river and enters the high country at Komati Poort. From the Poort westward the railway skirts the south bank of the Crocodile Riverthroughout its length.
List of rivers of South Africa
* [http://www.ecs.co.sz/magugadam/maguga_dam.htm The Maguga Dam Project]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Komati River — Die Schlucht nahe Carolina, Mpumalanga am oberen Komati River. Der Komati River ist ein Strom in Afrika. Er durchfließt Südafrika, Swasiland und Mosambik. In Mosambik wird er Incomati genannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Komati River — ▪ river, Africa Portuguese Rio Incomati river rising near Breyten in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Running generally eastward, it descends from a plateau, cutting a valley 3,000 feet (900 metres) deep in northwestern Swaziland before … Universalium
Komati River — … Useful english dictionary
Komati River Chalets — (Коматипорт,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес … Каталог отелей
Komati — River, Rio Incomáti Die Schlucht nahe Carolina (Provinz Mpumalanga) am oberen KomatiVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Komati Gorge — is a river valley in the Mpumalanga Province in central South Africa, which features vertical sandstone cliffs that provide habitat for a wide diversity of wildlife. Komati Gorge is located near the communities of Carolina and Machadodorp. The… … Wikipedia
Komati — may refer to* Komati (caste), a Telugu speaking Vysya caste located mainly in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu * Komati River in South Africa … Wikipedia
Komati — /kəˈmati/ (say kuh mahtee), /ˈkoʊməti/ (say kohmuhtee) noun a river in the Republic of South Africa, flowing east through Mpumalanga province, through Swaziland, and then to the Crocodile River. About 800 km … Australian English dictionary
Komati — geographical name river 500 miles (805 kilometers) S Africa flowing from N Drakensberg Mountains in NE Republic of South Africa E & N into Delagoa Bay in S Mozambique … New Collegiate Dictionary
Komati — Ko·ma·ti (kə mäʹtē) A river flowing about 805 km (500 mi) through northeast South Africa, northern Swaziland, and southern Mozambique to an inlet of the Indian Ocean. * * * … Universalium