- John Hindmarsh
Rear-AdmiralSir John Hindmarsh KH RN (1785 [There is evidence that his parents married on 23 August 1784. Although he could have been born out of wedlock some years earlier, the marriage date is consistent with his baptism as an infant on 22 May 1785. A member of the Hindmarsh family claimed in 1965 to have seen the parish register recording the 1785 baptism. — ADB Online Project ] – 29 July 1860) was the first Governor of South Australia, from 28 December 1836to 16 July 1838.__NOTOC__
Hindmarsh joined the
Royal Navyin 1793, seeing action at the Battle of the Glorious First of June, the Battle of Algeciras Bay(or the Battle of the Gut of Gibraltar) and at the Battle of the Nilein 1798 where he was briefly the only officer on the deck of HMS Bellerophon where he gave orders which saved the ship from destruction. He was promoted lieutenant in 1803. He served on HMS Phoebeat the Battle of Trafalgar, at the Battle of the Basque Roads(1809) on HMS Beagleand at the Battle of Java on HMS Nisus. A period of inaction followed, but in 1830 he was in command of HMS Scyllaand was made a Rear Admiral in 1831. In 1836 he went to South Australia as its first governor after winning influential support and applying the Colonial Office. When the Naval General Service Medal, designed by William Wyon, was introduced, it was discovered that only 2 people were entitled to the medal with seven clasps (one clasp for each battle the recipient took part in): Sir John Hindmarsh and Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Alexander Gordon.
Hindmarsh arrived in
South Australiain 28 December 1836, with a fleet of ships carrying the first British settlers for the colony. The ships in the fleet included the "Cygnet" (carrying Colonel William Light's surveyors), "Africaine", "Tam O'Shanter", "Rapid", and "Buffalo" (carrying Hindmarsh). Initially they landed on Kangaroo Island, and sent out the team of surveyors led by Light to find a suitable place for the capital city of the new colony. Hindmarsh wanted it near the mouth of the Murray River, instead of at the present site which had been selected by Light. Light eventually chose the site of Adelaide, and the fleet moved up the Gulf of Saint Vincentto Holdfast Bay, off the present-day suburb of Glenelg. The proclamation creating the colony was read on 28 December 1836under the Old Gum Tree.
There was some question as to the respective powers of the governor and the resident commissioner,
James Hurtle Fisher, and the two came into open conflict. Feeling ran high and when Hindmarsh went so far as to suspend Robert Gougerand other public officers, the commissioners brought the matter before the secretary of state for the colonies. Hindmarsh was then recalled to Londonin 1838. In 1840 he was made as Lieutenant-Governor of Heligoland. Hindmarsh was knighted by Queen Victoria on 7 August 1851, attained the rank of rear-admiral in 1856 and retired in 1856 to the seaside town of Hove, England.
Hindmarsh lived at 30 Albany Villas for a number of years, where there is now a plaque in his honour. Rear-Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh died in
Londonon 29 July 1860and is buried in the grounds of St Andrews Church, Hove. Hindmarsh was governor of South Australia for little more than a year, an unfortunate episode in an otherwise distinguished career. His position was anomalous from the start, and, though he was sometimes wanting in both tact and wisdom, his difficulties were great. For an interesting summary see A. Grenfell Price's "Founders and Pioneers of South Australia", p. 92. His daughter Jane married Alfred Miller Mundy MP of Shipley Hall, Derbyshire, and was the mother of Maria, who married Sir Constantine Phipps, father of ambassador Sir Eric Phipps
Places named after John Hindmarsh
*The Adelaide suburb of
Hindmarshwas originally laid out as a speculative subdivision, the Village of Hindmarsh, on land owned by him. It was for many years the centre of a Local Government Area called the Town of Hindmarsh, which has now been amalgamated into the City of Charles Sturt.
Division of Hindmarshfederal electorate takes in the area near the proclamation site.
Hindmarsh Islandis near the town of Goolwa, close to the Murray Mouth.
Hindmarsh Riverflows into Encounter Baysouth of Adelaide.
Hindmarsh Square, Adelaideis an open space public park within the City of Adelaide.
*Hindmarsh Drive runs through the districts of
Weston Creekand South Canberrain Canberra, Australia.
* [http://www.foundingdocs.gov.au/item.asp?dID=2 Letters Patent]
* [http://www.foundingdocs.gov.au/picturealbum.asp?aID=6#pID2 the proclamation handwritten notes]
*Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=John|Last=Hindmarsh|Link=http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogHi-Hu.html#hindmarsh1
*' [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A010498b.htm Hindmarsh, Sir John (1785 - 1860)] ', "
Australian Dictionary of Biography", Volume 1, MUP, 1966, pp 538-541.
*"From Powder Monkey to Governor, the Life of Rear Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh", F Stewart Hindmarsh, Access Press 1995, ISBN 0 949795 88 7
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John Hindmarsh — Sir John Hindmarsh, KH, RN (* 22. Mai 1785 in Kent, Vereinigtes Königreich; † 29. Juli 1860 in London, Vereinigtes Königreich) war ein hochdekorierter Konteradmiral der Roy … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Hindmarsh — Governor John Hindmarsh Le contre amiral Sir John Hindmarsh (1785? – 29 juillet 1860) fut le premier gouverneur d Australie Méridionale du 28 décembre 1836 au 16 juillet 1838 … Wikipédia en Français
Hindmarsh Island — (Kumarangk in Ngarrindjeri dialect, coordinates coord|35|31|S|138|52|E|region:AU SA type:isle|display=inline,title) is an island in the lower Murray River near the town of Goolwa, South Australia. Located on the Fleurieu Peninsula, it is a… … Wikipedia
John Stuart Hindmarsh — (25 November 1907 – 6 September 1938), also known as Johnny Hindmarsh, was an English racecar driver and aviator.Hindmarsh was educated at Sherborne, Dorset and then attended the Royal Military College. He joined the Royal Army Tank Corps in 1928 … Wikipedia
Hindmarsh — may refer to * John Hindmarsh, the first Governor of South Australia after whom the following places are named ** Division of Hindmarsh, an electoral division for the Australian House of Representatives ** Hindmarsh, South Australia, a suburb of… … Wikipedia
Hindmarsh — ist der Name folgender Personen: John Hindmarsh (1785–1860), britischer Konteradmiral u. Gouverneur von South Australia Johnny Hindmarsh (1907–1938), englischer Autorennfahrer und Flieger Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hindmarsh Square, Adelaide — Hindmarsh Square is a public square in Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the north eastern sector of the city, and surrounds the intersection between Grenfell and Pulteney Streets, near the eastern end of the Rundle Mall [cite… … Wikipedia
Hindmarsh, South Australia — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = Hindmarsh city = Adelaide state = sa caption = Manton Street lga = City of Charles Sturt postcode = 5007 est = pop = 127 (2006 census) [Census 2006 AUS|id =SSC41801|name=Hindmarsh (State… … Wikipedia
Hindmarsh — I. /ˈhaɪndmaʃ/ (say huyndmahsh) noun Sir John, 1785–1860, English naval officer and colonial administrator; governor of SA 1836–38. John Hindmarsh entered the navy as a boy, and after service in the Napoleonic wars, accepted the commission as… … Australian English dictionary
John Jeffcott — Sir John William Jeffcott BA MA (1796 12 December 1837) was the first judge of the Supreme Court of South Australia. He also served as Chief Justice of Sierra Leone.Jeffcott was born in Kerry, Ireland. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin,… … Wikipedia