- Ely, Cardiff
Ely (Welsh Trelai "tref" town + "Elai"
River Ely) is a suburbprimarily dominated by council housingin western Cardiff, Wales. Ely is believed to be the largest council estate area in Europe Fact|date=April 2008.
In Roman times, Ely was the site of a Roman villa. There is also thought to have been a
Roman roadnear the site linking to Cardiff Roman Fortand eastwards to Newport. [ [http://www.romans-in-britain.org.uk/map_counties_roads_towns_cardiff.htm] Romans in Britain: Roman roads near Cardiff]
In 1855, the first horse race took place at
Ely Racecourse, which took over from the Great Heath racecourse. [http://www.cardiffians.co.uk/timeline.html Cardiffians.co.uk Cardiff Timeline]
Ordnance Surveymap from the early 1880s shows just how isolated the ancient Ely village was from the rest of Cardiff. Reports about travelling along the main road over Ely common to Cardiff talk of pot holes and no shelter and a terrible journey on foot.
The 'Ely Industrial School' was home to
orphaned children originally from Cardiff. The school was demolished some years later and an infectious diseases isolation unit was built on the same site. Most of Ely was still farmland feeding Cardiff's population. A railway stationhad only recently been constructed, and gave the surrounding area further potential for mass housing development.
On the maps you can see the Ely Industrial school marked on the Cowbridge Rd (
Cowbridge Road East). It had been set up to accommodate " pauperchildren" from 1863. It was very much a product of the Victorian Age, and Workhousementality, increased social awareness and responsibility saw it closing in 1903 and converted to additional workhouse accommodation for adults (though never used for that purpose), known as Ely Lodge. The children lived in what became as Ely Homes. [ [http://22.214.171.124/centenary.htm#educationbefore] . Millbank Primary History.]
The map also shows
Ely Racecourse, who's grandstand was destroyed in a fire in 1937 and was then closed in 1939.
The land was once owned by the
Earl of Plymouth, who dictated that alcoholmay not be sold on the land. As a result, like other plots of land with similar conditions (including the Manseltonarea of Swansea), the boundaries of the old estate can be approximated by the locations of public houses around the area.
To attract business from nearby areas, establishments would be built as close to it as possible without actually being in Ely (local establishments are actually in
Ely's rapid expansion of housing began in the 1920s to provide 'homes fit for heroes' after
World War I. This came with the construction of council houses to rehouse people from Cardiff's inner-city slums.
The area is widely considered to be one of Cardiff's worst areas in terms of crime and standard of living. But the residents of Ely are keen to dispel this reputation, citing the fact it is a very large, close knit community. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/southeast/sites/cardiff_elfordroad/] . BBC Website.]
The area was scarred by
rioting and petrol bombing during 1991 when shops and houses were burned down by angry mobs. See Ely Petrol Riots.
Cowbridge Road West (the A48) is the predominant road running through Ely as it runs on to Canton and
Cardiff city centreto the east, and to Culverhouse Crossinterchange to the west. The parallel Grand Avenue links Cowbridge Road West to the northern estates of Ely. Ely features several shopping parades, notably on Wilson Road as well as Grand Avenue.
Ely is served by
Cardiff Bus' "Capital City Red Route" busservices 17 and 18 using articulated buses which operate every 10 minutes from Central Station via Canton and Caerau. North Ely is also served by services 12 and 13 which terminate westbound at Culverhouse Crossand eastbound in Tremorfa.
The nearest station, which is accessible via Birdies Lane or Cowbridge Road, is Waun-Gron Park in Fairwater.
There are several pubs in the Ely area, such as The Bridge Inn, on Ely Bridge, Cowbridge Road. And there are numerous social clubs, such as Ely Social and Sports Club (near Ely bridge), the Ely Royal Air Force Association (on Riverside Terrace in Lower Ely), and Cardiff West End Social Club (near the bottom of Wilson road.)
Primary schools in Ely include:
* [http://trelaiprm.cardiff.sch.uk Trelai Primary School]
* [http://www.millbankprimary.co.uk Millbank Primary School]
* Windsor Clive Junior School
* Herbert Thompson School on Plymouthwood Road
* Hywel Dda (considered best school football team of the century)
* Saint Francis RC primary school.
High Schools in Ely include:
* Michaelston Community College
* Mary Immaculate High School.
Youth Centres in Ely include:
*North Ely YC (email@example.com) on Pethybridge Road
*Dusty Forge Project on Cowbridge Road West
Famous people from Ely
Shakin' Stevens, singer who enjoyed the height of his fame in the 1980s.
* Steve Robinson (born 13 December 1968 Cardiff, Wales)
WBO Featherweight boxer.
Ryan Giggsprolific footballer for Manchester United, also a long serving one club player
Nicky Piper, super middleweight and light heavyweight boxer.
The electoral ward of Ely falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff West. It is bounded by Fairwater and
Gabalfato the northwest; Caerau to the south (although some of Lower Ely is technically in the electoral ward of Caerau, as is Trelai (Ely) Park); Culverhouse Crossto the west; and the Vale of Glamorganto the southwest.
The Ely electoral ward consists of the area north of Cowbridge Road, while the Caerau elecoral ward consists of the area south of Cowbridge Road. However, most residents consider the entire area to be Ely, with Caerau being a subsection of the Ely area.
* [http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=51.47552&lon=-3.25034&zoom=15&layers=B000FTF OpenStreetMap map of the Ely area. Includes schools, pubs, etc.]
* [http://www.journalism.cf.ac.uk/2007/online/index.php?id=parse-195-0-0-251&article=607&author=Joe+Shute A Cardiff University insight into youth and rap culture in Ely]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2774238 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Ely and surrounding area]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cardiff Airport — Maes Awyr Caerdydd IATA … Wikipedia
Ely (disambiguation) — Ely is a cathedral city in Cambridgeshire, England.Ely or ELY may also refer to:In places:In the United Kingdom to: * Ely, Cardiff, a suburb of Cardiff, Wales * Ely Place, a road in London * The Isle of Ely, a historic region around the city of… … Wikipedia
ELY — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Ely est un nom de famille. Eugene Ely, américain pionnier de l aviation. Toponyme Ely est le nom de plusieurs lieux dans le… … Wikipédia en Français
Ely (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Ely est un nom de famille. Eugene Ely, américain pionnier de l aviation. Toponyme Ely est le nom de plusieurs lieux dans le monde : au … Wikipédia en Français
Cardiff Deanery — The new Cardiff Deanery will soon be made in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cardiff, overseeing several churches in the city of Cardiff. This will replace the previous Cardiff East Deanery and Cardiff West Deanery, combining the two into one.… … Wikipedia
Ely Rangers A.F.C. — Infobox Football club clubname = Ely Rangers fullname = Ely Rangers Association Football Club nickname = The Floggers, The Diff or Divs founded = 1965 ground = Station Road capacity = 4,500 chairman = Graham Clarke manager = John Boulton league … Wikipedia
Ely (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Ely est un nom de famille. Eugene Ely, américain pionnier de l aviation. Paul Ély, général français qui commanda notamment les forces en… … Wikipédia en Français
Cardiff Council — The logo of City and County of Cardiff council The arms of City and County of Cardiff Control Liberal Democrats/Plaid Cymru MPs … Wikipedia
Ely Racecourse — was in direct line of descent from the old racecourse at Heath Farm, which on the Cardiff map of 1840 appears to be almost as big as the two parishes that at the time made up Cardiff. Ely Racecourse owed its beginnings to the sporting land owners … Wikipedia
Cardiff City Stadium — Stadiwm Dinas Caerdydd Location Cardiff, Wa … Wikipedia