Carbonear, Newfoundland and Labrador


Carbonear, Newfoundland and Labrador

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Carbonear
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type = Town
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
city_logo =
citylogo_size =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Carbonear in Newfoundland
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NL
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1631
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
government_type =
government_footnotes =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_total_km2 = 11.81
area_land_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_footnotes =
population_total = 4723
population_urban =
population_metro =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_density_km2 = 399.8
timezone = Newfoundland Time
utc_offset = -3:30
timezone_DST = Newfoundland Daylight
utc_offset_DST = -2:30
latd = 47
latm = 44
lats = 15
latNS = N
longd = 53
longm = 13
longs = 46
longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_ft =
elevation_m = 34
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = AY1
area_code = 709
blank_name = Highways
blank_info = Route 70
website = [http://www.carbonear.ca/ Town of Carbonear]
footnotes =
Carbonear is a town on the Bay de Verde Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. As of 2006, there are 4,723 people living in Carbonear, down from 4,723 in 2001. [ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1001370&Geo2=PR&Code2=10&Data=Count&SearchText=Botwood&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All Population and dwelling counts] ]

History

Located on the west side of Conception Bay, about half way up the Avalon Peninsula is the town of Carbonear. There are different theories about where the community name comes from. Either the Spanish word "carbonera" (a female who makes or sells charcoal); or from a number of French words, most likely "Charbonnier" or "Carbonnier". Another proposal is that the town is named after the Italian friar, Fra Giovanni Antonio Carbonaro, who founded a church there.

One of Carbonear's first residents was Nicholas Guy who had moved there with his family from Cupids by at least 1631.

Timeline

* 1630s - 1640s - Mary Weymouth is listed as running a plantation in Carbonear.
* 1631 - Nicholas Guy, who had formerly lived at Cupids, is settled with his family at Carbonear.
* 1679 – William Downing and Thomas Oxford propose to fortify "Carboniere" on behalf of the residents.
* 1697 – The settlement consisting of 22 houses is destroyed by the French. The French report that the houses of Carbonear are "the best built in all Newfoundland". Carbonear Island defends itself from the attack.
* 1705 – Once again the French burned the town. Carbonear Island again defends itself from the attack.
* 1729 - Carbonear is designated one of the six Judiciary districts in Newfoundland. Two of the first Justices of the Peace, William Pinn and Charles Garland are assigned to the district.
* 1762 - Successful invasion of Carbonear Island by the French
* 1767– The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel established a church at Carbonear.
* 1775 – Carbonear attacked by American privateers.
* 1788 – The first Methodist church in Carbonear is erected.
* 1826 – Newfoundland School Society is established in Carbonear and has 100 students.
* 1862 – A riot by mummers makes it necessary to send troops from the St John’s garrison to restore order.
* 1866 – The Grammar School established in 1838 is closed and students are divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant boards equally.
* 1900s (early) The Carbonear District Vocational School is built (provided upgrading services and vocational training to residents of the Trinity and Conception Bay areas).
* 1974 – Approval is given by the town council for the development of a shopping mall in the western section of the town.
* 1976 (September 13) – Official opening of the new Regional Hospital takes place and the old hospital is made into a nursing home for the elderly patients who are bed-ridden.
* 1978 – TriCon shopping mall is opened.

Notable people born/lived at Carbonear

* Philip Henry Gosse (marine biologist)
* Robert William Boyle (physicist)
* Daniel Cleary (hockey player)
* William George Guy (chemist)
* Rev. Philip Tocque
* Rev. Monsignor E. J. O'Brien
* Frank Moores
* Rex Murphy
* Jenny Gear (musician)
* Princess Sheila NaGeira
* Ralph Moore (chemist)
* Séan McCann (musician)
* Greg Penney (founder of PennTrans Inc.)
* Gerry Reid (politician)
* Gerry Strong (musician

ee also

* List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador

References

External links

* [http://www.carbonear.ca/ Town of Carbonear website]
* [http://www.nfcap.nf.ca/east/Carbonear/ Carbonear Community Access Centre website]
* [http://www.cbncompass.ca/ Compass Newspaper website]
* [http://www.stpatricksparish.info/ St. Patrick's Parish, Carbonear website]


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