Nicolás del Campo

Nicolás del Campo
Nicolás del Campo
Viceroy of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
In office
March 7, 1784 – December 4, 1789
Monarch Charles III of Spain
Charles IV of Spain
Preceded by Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo
Succeeded by Nicolás de Arredondo
Personal details
Born March 12, 1725
Seville, Spain
Died February 17, 1803(1803-02-17) (aged 77)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spain
Occupation Military
Military service
Allegiance Spanish Empire
Service/branch Spanish Army
Rank Brigadier General

Nicolás Francisco Cristóbal del Campo, Marquis of Loreto (March 12, 1725 — February 17, 1803) was a Spanish politician and soldier who occupied several posts in the Spanish American colonies, mainly in the River Plate area.


He was born in Seville to Josefa Arcadia Rodríguez and Nicolás Ignacio del Campo y Cuesta, First Marquis of Loreto. His father was of Flemish descent, and his original family name, van der Velde, was hispanicized to del Campo.

Del Campo was a member of the Seville Economic Society of Friends of the Country, and later joined the Spanish Army. He rose to the rank of Brigadier General and participated in the Spanish invasion of Portugal (1762) and the Great Siege of Gibraltar (1779).

The Marquis of Loreto was appointed Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, and served from March 7, 1784, to December 4, 1789; he succeeded Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo after the latter's resignation.[1]

As with other viceroys, he was a professional military officer but did not have experience in politics in Spanish America before arriving in Buenos Aires. He became an honest and capable administrator, and in 1785 initiated the improvement and expansion of the Real Audiencia de Buenos Aires created in 1783 by his predecessor.[2] He established the subdivisions on Intendancies (Spanish: Intendencias) in the River Plate, instituting eight Intendancies,[3] and a new system of relations between the mayors and the viceroy. Four intendancies were in Upper Peru (La Paz, Potosí, Cochabamba, Charcas, and Paraguay). The other three comprised Buenos Aires and the region south to Patagonia; Córdoba; and Salta, including the present Argentine Northwest.[4]

He fomented the economy in many levels, promoting agriculture and cattle raising, looking for new sources of good quality salts at low cost to facilitate the salting of meat for export. He improved port infrastructure, fought contraband and introduced new policies of pacific co-existence and commerce with the natives.[4] He also granted bereavement benefits for widows and orphans of Navy personnel; the 1785 edict created the first pension system in what today is Argentina.[5]

Virrey Loreto Street, in the Belgrano ward of Buenos Aires is named in his honor.[6]


Preceded by
Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo
Viceroy of the Río de la Plata
Succeeded by
Nicolás Antonio de Arredondo

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicolás del Campo — y Rodríguez de Salamanca, marqués de Loreto Virrey del Río de la Plata Marzo de 1784 – Marzo de 1789 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicolás del Campo — Nicolás Felipe Cristóbal del Campo y Rodríguez de Salamanca (* 12. März 1725 in Sevilla; † 17. Februar 1803 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Militär und Kolonial Gouverneur. Der Marqués de Loreto war als Nachfolger Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedos vom …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Del Campo — ist der Name folgender Personen: Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1877–1960), chilenischer Militär und Politiker; zweimal Präsident Chiles Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta (1878–1953), spanischer Komponist, Violinist und Musikpädagoge Estanislao del Campo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José María del Campo — 30.° Gobernador de la Provincia de Tucumán 23 de octubre de 1853 – 9 de abril de 1856 …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Nicolás del Real Camino — l église et le refuge des pèlerins. Géolocalisation sur la carte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan del Campo Godoy — (* Osorno, 1591 † Chuquisaca, ?), magistrado y catedrático criollo que ocupó importantes cargos en el Virreinato del Perú. Rector de la Universidad de San Marcos y oidor indiano. Biografía Sus padres fueron el riojano Francisco del Campo y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Nicolás del Puerto — Gemeinde San Nicolás del Puerto Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolás Antonio de Arredondo — (Madrid, España, 1740 íd. 1802) fue un militar y político español. Antes de ejercer el cargo de virrey del Río de la Plata, había participado en las guerras de Italia, donde había ganado prestigio como militar, llegando a ser funcionario real.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Campo — bezeichnet in der italienischen, portugiesischen und spanischen Sprache ganz allgemein ein Feld oder einen Platz. Campo ist der Name folgender Ortschaften in der Schweiz eine Ortschaft im Bleniotal, Kanton Tessin: Campo (Blenio) eine Gemeinde im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolás Antonio de Arredondo — (1740 id. 1802) was a Spanish soldier and politician born in Madrid. He worked as viceroy of the Río de la Plata. Career Before entering politics Arrendondo fought in wars on Italy, where he earned military prestige. He was sent to America and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.