Hilton Head Island, South Carolina


Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Infobox Settlement|
official_name = Town of Hilton Head Island
nickname =
motto = Preserve and prosper



imagesize =
image_caption = Harbour Town Marina in Sea Pines Resort


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Hilton Head Island in
South Carolina


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = South Carolina
subdivision_name2 = Beaufort
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Tom Peeples
leader_title1 = Town manager
leader_name1 = Steve Riley
leader_title2 = Fire chief
leader_name2 = Lavarn Lucas
established_date =
established_title2 = Incorporated (town)
established_date2 = 1983
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 143.9
area_total_sq_mi = 55.5
area_land_km2 = 108.9
area_land_sq_mi = 42.1
area_water_km2 = 34.9
area_water_sq_mi = 13.5
area_water_percent = 24.28
population_as_of = 2000
settlement_type = Town
population_total = 33862
population_metro =
population_city =
population_density_km2 = 310.8
population_density_sq_mi = 586.0
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
latd = 32 |latm = 10 |lats = 44 |latNS = N
longd = 80 |longm = 44 |longs = 35 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 3
elevation_ft = 10
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 29925, 29926, 29928
area_code = 843
website = [http://www.hiltonheadislandsc.gov/ Official web site]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 45-34045GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1246002GR|3
footnotes =

Hilton Head Island or Hilton Head is a town (located on an island of the same name) in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. It is 20 miles (32 km) north of Savannah, Georgia, and 95 miles (153 km) south of Charleston. The island features 12 miles (19 km) of beachfront on the Atlantic Ocean and is a popular vacation destination. In 2004, an estimated 2.25 million visitors pumped more than $1.5 billion into the local economy. [ [http://www.hiltonheadisland.org/chamber-of-commerce/relocation/employment-and-volunteer.asp "Employment Fast Facts,"] "Hilton Head Island - Bluffton Chamber of Commerce" - Accessed January 31, 2007.] The year-round population was 33,862 at the 2000 census, although during the peak of summer vacation season the population can swell to 275,000. [http://www.hiltonheadislandsc.gov/Depts/finance/budget/FY2007Budget.pdf "Consolidated Municipal Budget Fiscal Year July 1, 2006 - June 30, 2007,"] "Town of Hilton Head Island", Accessed July 6, 2007.] Over the past decade, the island's population growth rate was 32%. [http://www.lcwow.com/demographics.htm "Lowcountry Workforce on the Web,"] "Hilton Head Island - Bluffton Chamber of Commerce" - Accessed January 31, 2007.]

The island has a rich history that started with seasonal occupation by native Americans thousands of years ago, and continued with European exploration and the Sea Island Cotton trade. It became an important base of operations for the Union blockade of the Southern ports during the Civil War. Once the island fell to Union troops, hundreds of ex-slaves flocked to Hilton Head, which is still home to many 'native islanders', many of whom are descendants of freed slaves known as the Gullah (or Geechee) who have managed to hold onto much of their ethnic and cultural identity. [http://delta-sky.com/ginc/portrait/hilton_head_island/pdf/02_hhi_snapshots.pdf "Snapshots,"] "Sky Magazine (Delta)", December 2007. Accessed December 24, 2007.]

The Town of Hilton Head Island incorporated as a municipality in 1983 and is well known for its "eco-friendly" development.William W. Starr, [http://delta-sky.com/ginc/portrait/hilton_head_island/pdf/01_hhi_starressay.pdf "Graceful Growth,"] "Sky Magazine (Delta)", December 2007. Accessed December 20, 2007.] The Town's Natural Resources Division enforces the Land Management Ordinance which minimizes the impact of development and governs the style of buildings and how they are situated amongst existing trees. [ [http://www.lowcountrynow.com/features/20difference/krebsbig.shtml "20 Who Made a Difference,"] "Lowcountry Now (Savannah Morning News), 2003" - Accessed February 16, 2007.] As a result, Hilton Head Island enjoys an unusual amount of tree cover relative to the amount of development. [Gale B. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1016/is_n11-12_v96/ai_9162894 "Hilton Head: the canopy view,"] "American Forests", November-December 1990. Accessed February 16, 2007.] Approximately 70% of the island, including most of the tourist areas, is located inside gated communities. [http://www.usatoday.com/travel/destinations/2006-08-31-hilton-head_x.htm "Hilton Head, way ahead of its time,"] "USA Today, September 1, 2006" - Accessed February 14, 2007.] However, the Town maintains several public beach access points, including one for the exclusive use of town residents, who have approved several multi-million dollar land-buying bond referendums to control commercial growth. [Whitney T and Gordon J. [http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/9000/9700/9793/Whitney_2001_Final_Report.pdf "An Investigation of Sprawl Development and Its Effect On Transportation Planning: The Lower Savannah Region of Government,"] "South Carolina State University - School of Engineering Technology and Sciences, 2001" - Accessed February 15, 2007.]

Hilton Head Island offers an unusual number of cultural opportunities for a community its size, including Broadway-quality plays at the Arts Center of Coastal Carolina, the 120 member full chorus of the Hilton Head Choral Society, the highly-rated Hilton Head Symphony Orchestra, the largest annual outdoor, tented wine tasting event on the east coast, and several other annual community festivals. It also hosts the Verizon Heritage, a stop on the PGA tour which is played on the Harbour Town Golf Links in Sea Pines Resort. [http://sportsline.com/golf/story/10117287 "Hilton Head Island an unquestionable golfing mecca,"] "CBS Sportsline.com", April 9, 2007. Accessed May 8, 2007]

History

Early history

An ancient Shell Ring can be seen near the east entrance to the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. The ring, one of only 20 in existence, is convert|150|ft|m|0 in diameter and is believed to be over 4,000 years old. Archeologists believe that the ring was a refuse heap, created by Native Americans that lived in the interior of the ring, which was kept clear and used as a common area. Two other Shell Rings on Hilton Head were destroyed when the shells were removed and used to make tabby for roads and buildings. The Shell Ring is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is protected by law. [ [http://www.csaadmin.com/shell_ring.htm "The Indian Shell Ring,"] "Community Services Associates (CSA)", Accessed May 18, 2007.]

Since the beginning of recorded history in the New World, the waters around Hilton Head Island have been known, occupied and fought for in turn by the English, Spanish, French, and Scots. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 1. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC]

A Spanish expedition led by Francisco Cordillo explored the area in 1521, initiating European contact with local tribes. [http://www.hiltonheadislandsc.gov/Island/history.html "A History Timeline of Hilton Head Island,"] "Town of Hilton Head Island Official Municipal Website", Accessed July 6, 2007.]
[
Battle of Port Royal November 7, 1861.] In 1663, Captain William Hilton sailed on the "Adenture" from Barbados to explore lands granted by King Charles II to the eight Lords Proprietors. In his travels, he identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound. He named it "Hilton's Head" after himself. [http://www.bcgov.net/lib_hh/referenc.htm "Reference Desk,"] "Beaufort County Public Library - Hilton Head Island", Accessed May 19, 2007.] He stayed for several days, making note of the trees, crops, "sweet water" and "clear sweet air". [ [http://www.hiltonheadisland.com/history.htm "Island History,"] "HiltonHeadIsland.com", Accessed May 19, 2007.]

In 1698, Hilton Head Island was granted as part of a barony to John Bayley of Ballingclough, County of Tipperary, Kingdom of Ireland. Another John Bayley, son of the first, appointed Alexander Trench as the Island's first retail agent. For a time, Hilton Head was known as Trench's Island. In 1729, Trench sold some land to John Gascoine which Gascoine named "John's Island" after himself. The land later came to be known as Jenkin's Island after another owner.Margaret Greer (1989) "The Sands of Time - A History of Hilton Head Island", pp. 20-21. Hilton Head Island, SC: SouthArt, Inc., ISBN 0-9610698-2-1.]

In 1788, a small Episcopal church called the Zion Chapel of Ease was constructed for plantation owners. The old cemetery, located near the corner of William Hilton Parkway and Mathews Drive (Folly Field), is all that remains. Charles Davant, a prominent island planter during the Revolutionary War, is buried there. He was shot by Captain Martinangel of Daufuskie Island in 1781. It is also home to oldest intact structure on Hilton Head Island, the Baynard Mausoleum, which was built in 1846.

William Elliott II of Myrtle Bank Plantation grew the first crop of Sea Island Cotton in South Carolina on Hilton Head Island in 1790.

Fort Walker was a Confederate fort in what is now Port Royal Plantation. The fort was a station for Confederate troops and its guns helped protect the convert|2|mi|km|0|sing=on wide entrance to Port Royal Sound, which is fed by two slow moving and navigable rivers, the Broad River and the Beaufort River. It was vital to the Sea Island Cotton trade and the southern economy. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", pp. 1-2. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC] On October 29, 1861, the largest fleet ever assembled in North America moved South to seize it. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.) ", p. 2. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC] In the Battle of Port Royal, the fort came under attack by the U.S. Navy, and on November 7, 1861, it fell to over 12,000 Union troops. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 22. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC] The fort would be renamed Fort Welles, in honor of Gideon Welles, the Secretary of the Navy. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 72. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC] Hilton Head Island would have tremendous significance in the Civil War, becoming an important base of operations for the Union blockade of the Southern ports, particularly Savannah and Charleston. The Union would also build a military hospital on Hilton Head Island with a convert|1200|ft|m|-1|sing=on frontage and a floor area of convert|60000|sqft|m2|-3. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 71. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC]

Hundreds of ex-slaves flocked to Hilton Head Island, where they could buy land, go to school, live in government housing, and serve in what was called the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers (although in the beginning, many were "recruited" at the point of a bayonet). [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 82. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC] A community called Mitchelville (in honor of General Ormsby M. Mitchel) was constructed on the north end of the island to house them. [Carse R. (1981) "Hilton Head in the Civil War: Department of the South (20th Anniv. Ed.)", p. 91. Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company, ISBN B000J6GUMC]

The Leamington Lighthouse was built in the 1870s on the southern edge of what is now Palmetto Dunes.

On August 27, 1893, the Sea Islands Hurricane made landfall near Savannah, Georgia with a storm surge of convert|16|ft|m|0 and swept north across South Carolina, killing over a thousand and leaving tens of thousands homeless. [ [http://www.victoriana.com/Hurricane/seaislandshurricane-1.html "The Sea Islands Hurricane"] , "The Victorian Era Online", Accessed May 19, 2007.]

20th century

An experimental steam cannon guarding Port Royal Sound was built around 1900 in what is now Port Royal Plantation. The cannon was fixed but its propulsion system allowed for long range shots for the time.

In 1931, Wall Street tycoon, physicist, and patron of scientific research, Alfred Lee Loomis along with his brother-in-law and partner, Landon K. Thorne, purchased convert|17000|acre|km2|0 on the island (over 63% of the total land mass) for about $120,000 to be used as a private game reserve. [Ragland R., [http://www.lowcountrynow.com/stories/050302/LOCtuxedo.shtml/ "Landowner changed course of history,"] "Carolina Morning News", May 3, 2002. Accessed June 13, 2007.] [Herbert W., [http://www.prism-magazine.org/mar03/science.cfm "Palace of Science,"] "Prism Magazine", March 2003; Vol 20, No 7. Accessed June 13, 2007.]

On the Atlantic coast of the island are large concrete gun platforms that were built to defend against a possible invasion by the Axis powers of World War II. Platforms like these can be found all along the eastern seaboard. Beach Patrol personnel to use horses and dogs to protect the southeastern coastline of the U.S. [ [http://www.uscg.mil/history/Beach_Patrol_Photo_Index.html Coast Guard Beach Patrol During World War II] , A Historic Photo Gallery, Accessed May 7, 2007.]

In the early 1950s, three lumber mills contributed to the logging of convert|19000|acre|km2|0 of the island. The island population was only 300 residents. Prior to 1956, access to Hilton Head was limited to private boats and a state-operated ferry. The island's economy centered on shipbuilding, cotton, lumbering, and fishing.

The James F. Byrnes Bridge was built in 1956. It was a two-lane toll swing bridge constructed at a cost of $1.5 million that opened the island to automobile traffic from the mainland. The swing bridge was hit by a barge in 1974 which shutdown all vehicle traffic to the island until the Army Corps of Engineers built and manned a pontoon bridge while the bridge was being repaired. The swing bridge was replaced by the current four-lane bridge in 1982.The beginning of Hilton Head as a resort started in 1956 with Charles Fraser developing Sea Pines Resort, with the center piece being Harbour Town. Fraser was a committed environmentalist who changed the whole configuration of the marina at Harbour Town to save an ancient live oak. It came to be known as the Liberty Oak, known to generations of children who watched singer and song writer Gregg Russell perform under the tree for over 25 years. [ [http://www.parents.com/parents/story.jhtml?storyid=/templatedata/parents/story/data/6130.xml&categoryid=/templatedata/parents/category/data/1131554703863.xml&page=3 "Our Favorite Family Getaways"] , "Parents Magazine", June 2005. Accessed May 8, 2007] Fraser was buried next to the tree when he died in 2002. [ [http://www.lowcountrynow.com/stories/122202/LOCfuneral.shtml "Charles Fraser eulogized as great dreamer"] , "Carolina Morning News", December 22, 2002. Accessed May 8, 2007.]

The Heritage Golf Classic (now the Verizon Heritage) was first played in Sea Pines Resort in 1969, and has been a regular stop on the PGA tour ever since.

Also in 1969, the Hilton Head Island Community Association successfully fought off the development of a BASF chemical complex on the shores of Victoria Bluff (now Colleton River Plantation). Soon after, the Association and other concerned citizens "south of the Broad" fought the development of off-shore oil platforms by Brown & Root (a division of Halliburton) and ten-story tall liquefied natural gas shipping spheres by Chicago Bridge & Iron. [http://www.celebratehiltonhead.com/article/723/a-town-is-born "A Town is Born,"] "Celebrate Hilton Head", February 2008. Accessed February 2, 2008.] These events helped to polarize the community, and the Chamber of Commerce started drumming up support for the Town to incorporate as a municipality. After the Four Seasons Resort (now Hilton Head Resort) was built along William Hilton Parkway (derisively referred to as "stack-a-shacks" by some Town residents), a referendum of incorporation was passed in May of 1983. Hilton Head Island had become a town. The Land Management Ordinance was passed by the Town Council in 1987. Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort opened in 1996. The Cross Island Parkway opened in January 1997. An indoor smoking ban in bars, restaurants, and public places took effect on May 1, 2007. [ [http://www.islandpacket.com/news/local/story/6378297p-5689297c.html "Hilton Head approves smoking ban,"] "The Island Packet, February 21, 2007" - Accessed February 21, 2007.]

Government

The Town of Hilton Head Island incorporated as a municipality in 1983 and has jurisdiction over the entire Island except Mariner's Cove, Blue Heron Point, and Windmill Harbor. The Town of Hilton Head Island has a Council-Manager form of government. The Town Manager is the chief executive officer and head of the administrative branch and is responsible to the municipal council for the proper administration of all the affairs of the Town. The Town Council exercises all powers not specifically delegated to the Town Manager. The Mayor has the same powers, duties, and responsibilities as a member of Town Council. In addition, the Mayor establishes the agenda for Town Council meetings, calls special meetings, executes contracts, deeds, resolutions, and proclamations not designated to the Town Manager, and represents the Town and ceremonial functions. [ [http://www.hiltonheadislandsc.gov/Council/tcmain.html "Town of Hilton Head Island Town Council and Manager"] , "Town of Hilton Head Island Municipal Government Website", Accessed July 6, 2007.]

Town departments include Building & Fire Codes, Business License, Code Enforcement, Finance, Fire & Rescue, Human Resources, Legal, Municipal Court, Planning, and Public Projects & Facilities. [ [http://www.hiltonheadislandsc.gov/depts.html "Departments"] , "Official Town of Hilton Head Island Municipal Government Website", Accessed June 6, 2007.]

The Town had a budget of $74,753,260 for fiscal year 2006/2007. It consists of three separate fiscal accounting funds: the General Fund, the Capital Projects Fund, and the Debt Service Fund. The General Fund is the operating fund for the Town and accounts for all financial resources of the Town except the Capital Projects Fund and the Debt Service Fund. The Capital Projects Fund is used to acquire land and facilities, and improve public facilities, including roads, bike paths, fire stations, vehicle replacement, drainage improvements, and park development. The Debt Service Fund accounts for the accumuation of resources and the payment of debt.On Tuesday, June 5, 2007, the Town Council approved a $93,154,110 budget for fiscal year 2007/2008 on the first reading with a vote of 6-0. [ [http://islandpacket.com/news/local/story/6541707p-5821554c.html "Hilton Head Island approves $93 million budget,"] "The Island Packet", June 6, 2007. Accessed June 6, 2007.]

Office holders as of February 2008:

chools

Transportation

Highways

* connects to U.S. 278 which leads to Hilton Head Island.
* connects Hilton Head Island to the mainland. On the island, it splits into U.S. 278 business (William Hilton Parkway) and U.S. 278 (the Cross Island Parkway) which connects to Palmetto Bay Road and the south end of the Island.

Airports

* (HHH) located mid-island
* (SAV) in Savannah, Georgia
* (CHS) in Charleston, South Carolina

Notable residents

*Tom Bruno, serial killing drummer of the supergroup "Sleep Therapy" is from Hilton Head
*Arthur Blank, owner NFL Atlanta Falcons & Home Depot, has a house in Sea Pines Resort. [ [http://www.publinksgolfer.net/articles/365/1/bSea-Pines-Resort/Page1.html "Sea Pines Resort - A Southern Slice of Heaven,"] "Golfing Magazine", June 29, 2007. Accessed February 5, 2008.] [http://travel.nytimes.com/2005/10/28/realestate/28haven.html?fta=y "An Enclave for Golfers, Beachgoers and Arts Lovers,"] "The New York Times", October 28, 2005. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*Patricia Cornwell, fiction author, resides in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.golfohio.com/departments/features/hilton-head-travel.htm "They're baack: Every year, you can count on Ohio golfers heading to Hilton Head in droves,"] "GolfOhio.com", November 29, 2002. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*Bobby Cremins, NCAA men's basketball coach, currently resides in Charleston, but maintains a home in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/mensbasketball/2006-11-06-cremins-cover_x.htm "Cremins is unretiring with passion,"] "USA Today", November 6, 2006. Accessed February 6, 2008.] [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/01/26/AR2008012601978.html "Cremins Jettisons Life Of Leisure,"] "The Washington Post", January 27, 2008. Accessed February 6, 2008.] [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/28/sports/ncaabasketball/28cremins.html "Back on the Court, Cremins Has a New Bounce,"] "The New York Times", November 28, 2006. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*Cartha (Deke) Deloach, Former high official in Hoover's FBI and Senior VP of PepsiCo resides in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.regnery.com/authors/authorsDF.html "Meet Our Authors,"] "Regnery Publishing, Inc.", Accessed February 6, 2008.] [ [http://www.jehooverfoundation.org/directors/directors.html "Directors,"] "J. Edgar Hoover Foundation", Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*Trevor Hall, singer-songwriter, was raised in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.newbeats.com/2006/03/interview-trevor-hall.html "Interview - Trevor Hall,"] "NewBeats", Accessed February 6, 2008.] [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_20060127/ai_n16039785 "Trevor Hall: A young rascal with a bright recording future,"] "Oakland Tribune" reprinted at CNET's findarticles.com, January 27, 2006. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*John Jakes, author of historical fiction, resides in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.islandpacket.com/266/story/227406.html "Acclaimed Hilton Head author gets S.C. award,"] "The Island Packet", February 15, 2008. Accessed February 15, 2008.]
*Michael Jordan, former NBA player, sold his house on Hilton Head when his father died. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9407E1DA1438F931A3575AC0A962958260 "Tourism Enriches an Island Resort, But Hilton Head Blacks Feel Left Out,"] "The New York Times", September 2, 1994. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*John V. Lindsay, former mayor of New York City, died in Hilton Head on December 19, 2000. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D05E5D7163EF937A15751C1A9669C8B63 "Paid Notice: Deaths LINDSAY, JOHN V."] "The New York Times", December 24, 2000. Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*Edwin McCain, singer-songwriter, honed his craft in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608003136/Edwin-McCain.html "Edwin McCain Biography,"] "www.MusicianGuide.com", Accessed February 6, 2008.]
*John Cougar Mellencamp, singer-songwriter, has a house in Hilton Head.
*Mark Messier, NHL hockey player, part-time resident of Hilton Head. [ [http://www.islandpacket.com/sports/local/story/73699.html "Island resident Mark Messier reflects on Hockey Hall of Fame induction,"] "The Island Packet", November 8, 2007. Accessed November 8, 2007.]
*Duncan Sheik, singer-songwriter, was raised in Hilton Head. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/26/theater/26shei.html "Broadway Is Rocker’s Latest Alternative,"] "The New York Times", December 26, 2006. Accessed February 6, 2008.] [ [http://www.islandpacket.com/266/story/227397.html "And the Hilton Head Grammy winner is ...."] "The Island Packet", February 15, 2008. Accessed February 15, 2008.]
*Stan Smith former Wimbledon, US Open and Davis Cup Champ and Tennis Pro lives on Hilton Head.
*Col. Benjamin H. Vandervoort, WWII hero, died in his home on Hilton Head in 1990 at the age of 75. [ [http://islandpacket.com/news/local/story/6532724p-5813010c.html "Local WWII hero -- portrayed by John Wayne in "The Longest Day" -- will be honored today,"] "The Island Packet", May 28, 2007. Accessed May 28, 2007.]
*Kathryn R. Wall, American author of mystery novels, lives on Hilton Head. [ [http://www.kathrynwall.com/] Accessed May 24, 2008.]
*Jayson Williams, former NBA Basketball player, owns a home on Hilton Head. [ [http://espn.go.com/magazine/vol5no16williams.html "24. Bad Blood"] "ESPN The Magazine", July 25, 2007. Accessed February 6, 2008.]

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.hilton-head-island.sc.us Town website]
* [http://www.hiltonheadisland.org/ Official Hilton Head Island Vacation Guide]
* [http://www.islandpacket.com/ The Island Packet - local newspaper]
* [http://www.hiltonheadisland.org/chamber-of-commerce/ Hilton Head Island Chamber of Commerce]


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