Salvelinus


Salvelinus

Taxobox
name = "Salvelinus"
fossil_range = Late Miocene - Recent [Sepkoski (2002)]


image_width = 260px
image_caption = Arctic char, "Salvelinus alpinus alpinus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
superclassis = Osteichthyes
classis = Actinopterygii
subclassis = Neopterygii
infraclassis = Teleostei
superordo = Protacanthopterygii
ordo = Salmoniformes
familia = Salmonidae
genus = "Salvelinus"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = About 50, see text

Salvelinus is a genus of salmonid fish, often called char or charr; many of the fish called "trouts" also belong here. Charr may be identified by light cream pink or red spots over a darker body. Scales tend to be small, with 115-200 along the lateral line. Pectoral, pelvic, anal, and lower aspect of caudal fin are trimmed in snow white or cream leading edges.

Many members of this genus are popular sports fish, and a few such as the lake trout ("S. namaycush"), are the object of commercial fisheries and aquaculture. Occasionally such fish escape and become invasive species.

pecies

* "Salvelinus agassizi" – Silver trout (extinct)
* "Salvelinus albus" Glubokovsky, 1977 – White char
* "Salvelinus alpinus" – Arctic char, "Dolly Varden" (historical use)
** "Salvelinus alpinus erythrinus" (Georgi, 1775) – Davatchan
* "Salvelinus anaktuvukensis" – Angayukaksurak char
* "Salvelinus andriashevi" Berg, 1948 – Chukot char
* "Salvelinus aureolus" (Bean 1887)Verify source|date=February 2008 (often included in "S. alpinus")
** "Salvelinus aureolus oquassa" – Sunapee trout, Blueback char
* "Salvelinus boganidae" Berg, 1926 – Boganida char
* "Salvelinus colii" (Günther, 1863)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus confluentus" (Suckley, 1859)Verify source|date=February 2008 – Bull trout, "Dolly Varden" (historical use)
* "Salvelinus curilus" (Pallas, 1814)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus czerskii" Drjagin, 1932 – Cherskii's char
* "Salvelinus drjagini" Logashev, 1940 – Dryanin's char
* "Salvelinus elgyticus" Viktorovsky & Glubokovsky, 1981 – Small-mouth char
* "Salvelinus evasus" Freyhof & Kottelat, 2005
* "Salvelinus fimbriatus" Regan, 1908
* "Salvelinus fontinalis" – Brook trout, Coaster trout, "speckled trout", "coaster"
* "Salvelinus gracillimus" Regan, 1909
* "Salvelinus grayi" (Günther, 1862)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus inframundus" Regan, 1909
* "Salvelinus jacuticus" Borisov, 1935 – Yakutian char
* "Salvelinus japonicus" – Kirikuchi char (sometimes included in "S. leucomaenis")
* "Salvelinus killinensis" (Günther, 1866)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus krogiusae" Glubokovsky, Frolov, Efremov, Ribnikova & Katugin, 1993
* "Salvelinus kronocius" Viktorovsky, 1978
* "Salvelinus kuznetzovi" Taranetz, 1933
* "Salvelinus leucomaenis" (Pallas, 1814) – Whitespotted char
* "Salvelinus levanidovi" Chereshnev, Skopets & Gudkov, 1989
* "Salvelinus lonsdalii" Regan, 1909
* "Salvelinus mallochi" Regan, 1909
* "Salvelinus malma" – Dolly Varden trout (modern use)
** "Salvelinus malma krascheninnikova" – Southern Dolly Varden
** "Salvelinus malma miyabei" Oshima, 1938 – Miyabe char
* "Salvelinus maxillaris" Regan, 1909
* "Salvelinus murta" (Saemundsson, 1909)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus namaycush" – Lake trout, Lake char, Touladi, Togue, Grey trout, Siscowet, Paperbelly, "mackinaw", "lean"
* "Salvelinus neiva" Taranetz, 1933 – Neiva
* "Salvelinus neocomensis" Freyhof & Kottelat, 2005
* "Salvelinus obtusus" Regan, 1908
* "Salvelinus perisii" (Günther, 1865)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus profundus" (Schillinger, 1901)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus scharffi" Regan, 1908
* "Salvelinus schmidti" Viktorovsky, 1978
* "Salvelinus struanensis" (Maitland, 1881)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus taimyricus" Mikhin, 1949
* "Salvelinus taranetzi" Kaganowsky, 1955
* "Salvelinus thingvallensis" (Saemundsson, 1909)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus tolmachoffi" Berg, 1926 – Esei lake char
* "Salvelinus trevelyani" Regan, 1908
* "Salvelinus umbla" (Linnaeus, 1758)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus vasiljevae" Safronov & Zvezdov, 2005 – Sakhalinian char
* "Salvelinus willoughbii" (Günther, 1862)Verify source|date=February 2008
* "Salvelinus youngeri" (riend, 1965

Hybrids

*"Salvelinus alpinus × Salvelinus fontinalis" – Alsatian char
*"Salvelinus namaycush × Salvelinus fontinalis" – Splake, brookinaw
*"Salvelinus fontinalis × Salmo trutta" – Tiger trout

References


* (2006): [http://fishbase.se/NomenClature/ValidNameList.cfm?criteria=SYNONYMS.SynGenus+%3D+%27Salvelinus%27++AND+SYNONYMS.SynSpecies+like+%27%25%25%27+&vtitle=Scientific+Names+where+genus+equals+%3Ci%3ESalvelinus%3C%2Fi%3E "Salvelinus" species] . Version of 2006-MAR-14. Retrieved 2008-FEB-01.
* (2002): Osteichthyes. "In:" A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. "Bulletin of American Paleontology" 364: 560. [http://strata.ummp.lsa.umich.edu/jack/showgenera.php?taxon=611&rank=class HTML fulltext]

External links

* [http://nas.er.usgs.gov/taxgroup/fish/default.asp USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Fish Database]


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