"Antigona" ("Antigone") is an opera in three acts in Italian by the composer Tommaso Traetta. The libretto, by Marco Coltellini, is based on the tragedy "Antigone" by Sophocles.

Performance history

"Antigona" received its premiere at the Imperial Theatre, Saint Petersburg, Russia on 11 November 1772.




The background to the opera is the myth of Oedipus. Oedipus has been expelled from Thebes, the city where he was king, after it was revealed he had killed his father and married his mother. He left four children: Eteocles, Polynices, Antigone and Ismene. Creon, Oedipus' brother-in-law, declares that the vacant throne of Thebes will now be shared by the two sons, Eteocles and Polynices, ruling alternately, but the two have quarrelled. To prevent a war, Creon decrees the two should fight in single combat to decide who will be king.

Act One

Eteocles and Polynices (played by ballet dancers] fight the single combat and kill each other. Adrastus now offers the crown to Creon, who declares that Eteocles shall be buried with full honours. Polynices, however, will be left unburied because he started a war on Thebes when he did not get his way. Polynices' sisters, Antigone and Ismene, are distraught. Antigone resolves to bury her brother in defiance of Creon's decree. Ismene hopes that Creon's son Haemon (who is in love with Antigone) will be able to persuade his father to show mercy to the dead Polynices.

Act Two

Antigone cremates Polynices by night. Haemon comes to warn her just before Adrastus and his guards arrive. Adrastus realises Creon's orders have been disobeyed. He believes Haemon is the culprit and arrests him. Creon sentences him to death, but Antigone arrives to explain that the cremation is all her own work. Creon condemns her to be walled up alive in a cave.

Act Three

Creon and the Thebans watch as Antigone is walled up in the cave. Adrastus brings news that Haemon has apparently committed suicide. Creon hurries back to Thebes. But Haemon has survived and reaches the cave where he intends to die with Antigone. He manages to reach her through a fissure in the rock. He shows the dagger he has brought which will enable them both to have a quick death and avoid slow starvation. At that moment there is a noise as soldiers break down the wall. Creon has repented his action and repealed the death sentence. He asks Antigone and Haemon to forgive his harshness. The opera ends with a marriage ceremony for the two rescued lovers.


*"Antigona" Maria Bayo, Anna Maria Panzarella, Carlo Vicente Allemano, Laura Polverelli, Gilles Ragon, Les Talens Lyriques, conducted by Christophe Rousset (Decca, 2000)


*"Viking Opera Guide" ed. Holden (Viking, 1993)
* [ Amadeus Online]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antígona — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Antígona (desambiguación). Antígona, por Frederic Leighton …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antigŏna — (Antigoni), Insel im Marmarameer, eine der 9 Prinzeninseln …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Antìgona — ž mit. knjiž. kći kralja Edipa; junakinja istoimene Sofoklove tragedije i mnogih kasnijih literarnih, kazališnih, muzičkih i slikarskih interpretacija; simbol moralnog sukoba između ljudskih i božanskih zakona …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Antigona — Antìgona ž DEFINICIJA mit. knjiž. kći kralja Edipa; junakinja istoimene Sofoklove tragedije i mnogih kasnijih literarnih, kazališnih, muzičkih i slikarskih interpretacija; simbol moralnog sukoba između ljudskih i božanskih zakona …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Antígona — Hija de Edipo y Yocasta, hermana de Ismene, Eteocles y Polinices. Acompañó a su padre Edipo (rey de Tebas) al exilio, y a su muerte regresó a la ciudad. En una discusión sobre el trono, sus hermanos Polinices y Eteocles se dieron muerte el uno al …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antígona (Sófocles) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antígona (Frederic Leighton, 1830 1896) Antígona es el título de una tragedia de Sófocles, basada en el mito de Antígona y representada por primera vez en 442 a. C. En Antígona se enfrentan dos nociones del …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antígona (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Antígona puede referirse a: Mitología la hija de Edipo Antígona, condenada a muerte por rebelarse contra las leyes humanas por obediencia al mandato moral de dar entierro a su hermano; la hija de Euritión… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antígona (Anouilh) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antígona, de Jean Anouilh es un texto inspirado en el mito antiguo en ruptura con la tradición de la tragedia griega. Se trata de una de las reescrituras de esta obra clásica. La Antígona d Anouilh se estrena en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antigona Apartments — (Скопье,Македония) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 128 Vostanicka Str …   Каталог отелей

  • ANTIGONA Berennia — Philippi filia, Pyrrhi uxor. Plut …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale