- Cumberland, Rhode Island
Cumberland, Rhode Island — Town — Motto: Great History. Bright Future Country United States State Rhode Island County Providence Settled 1635 Incorporated 1746 Government – Mayor Daniel McKee Area – Total 28.2 sq mi (73.2 km2) – Land 26.8 sq mi (69.4 km2) – Water 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2) Population (2010) – Total 33,506 – Density 1,250.2/sq mi (482.8/km2) ZIP code 02864 Area code(s) 401 FIPS code 44-20080 GNIS feature ID 1220068 Website http://www.cumberlandri.org
Cumberland was originally settled as part of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, which was purchased from the local Native Americans by the Plymouth Colony. It was later transferred to Rhode Island as part of a long-running boundary dispute. The town was named in honor of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.
William Blackstone (also spelled William Blaxton in colonial times) was the first European to have settled and lived in Cumberland. (He was also the first European to have settled in Boston, but left there when he and the newly arrived Puritans disagreed about religion.) He preached his brand of tolerant Christianity under an oak tree that became an inspiration to Christians worldwide. He lived on a farm in the Lonsdale area of Cumberland, where he cultivated the first variety of American apples, the Yellow Sweeting. The site of his home is now occupied by the Ann & Hope mill.
The popular tourist destination "Nine Men's Misery" is a tomb found on the grounds of a former Trappist monastery (Abbey of Our Lady of the Valley), part of which was destroyed in a fire in 1950. The Trappists sold the monastery and grounds to the town and part of the building was converted into the Edward J. Hayden Library, aka Cumberland Public Library in 1976. This combined three smaller libraries into one.
Cumberland was the site of iron works that made cannons and cannon balls for the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. Additionally, Cumberland (along with the neighboring towns of Central Falls, RI, Lincoln, RI, and Attleboro, Massachusetts) was the home of the Valley Falls Company, which is the original antecedent of Berkshire Hathaway, now one of the world's largest and most successful companies.
A machine shop in Cumberland made the first power looms for woolens in America. These were reportedly used at the Capron Mill in Uxbridge, around 1820, that burned in a recent spectacular Bernat Mill fire.
Cumberland is in the lower Blackstone Valley of Rhode Island and in the John H. Chafee, Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, New England's historic National Park area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73 km2), of which 26.8 square miles (69 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (5.17%) is water. View on Google Maps Hybrid
The only large deposit of Cumberlandite, an iron-rich mineral, is found off Elder Ballou Meeting House Road in northern Cumberland. Though the ore was used to make cannons during the colonial era, the resulting casts were of poor quality and prone to cracking. A major geologic feature of the area is Diamond Hill, a massive outcropping of white quartz. The hill once was host to two small ski areas and is now a town park.
As of the census of 2010, there were 34,489 people, 12,198 households, and 9,038 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,287 people per square mile (458.9/km²). There were 12,572 housing units at an average density of 469.2 per square mile (181.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.74% White, 0.57% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.
There were 12,198 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $72,242, and the median income for a family was $84,038. Males had a median income of $41,073 versus $29,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,378. About 2.9% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. However, due to the recent recession, the percentage of the population below or near the poverty line has increased dramatically.
Cumberland also has a large and active second and third generation Portuguese-American community. Many of these Portuguese-American citizens immigrated from the Azores Islands, Portugal into the area to work at the factories in Cumberland and the adjacent cities of Pawtucket, Rhode Island, and Central Falls, Rhode Island. There are several Portuguese American Festivals that celebrate the cultural history throughout the year. These include the São João or Saint John's Festival that is held in the month of June at the Clube Juventude Lusitana and the Our Lady of Fatima Festival which is held at Our Lady of Fatima Church on Labor Day weekend. The celebrations include traditional Portuguese music, dance and parades. More recently, Cumberland has experienced an increase in its Hispanic population, specifically persons of Colombian descent.
Notable past/present residents
- William Blaxton, Cumberland's first European settler
- Jemima Wilkinson, 18th century evangelist, was born and raised in Cumberland
- Tim White, former WWE referee
- The Farrelly Brothers grew up in Cumberland on Thomas Leighton Blvd.
- David Macaulay, author and illustrator graduated from Cumberland High School
- Aaron Fricke, gay rights activist
- Brad Adamonis, current PGA tour golfer, grew up in Cumberland.
- Richard Jenkins, Academy Award Nominated actor, resides in Cumberland.
- Rocco Baldelli, MLB Free Agent outfielder who grew up in Cumberland. His parents still reside there and he owns a house next to his parents.
- Brian Lawton, the first American ice hockey player selected no.1 overall in the NHL entry draft, grew up in Cumberland although he was born in New Jersey.
- Cory Pesaturo, world champion accordionist on both electric and acoustic accordions. Has performed for various world leaders.
- John Capron, Sr, born in Cumberland in 1754, native who became a clothier, and later textile pioneer, installed first power looms for woolens made at Cumberland, in his Capron Mill at Uxbridge, in 1820's.
The Cumberland Public Schools is a comprehensive PK-12 public school system serving the Town of Cumberland, Rhode Island. The school system enrolls approximately 5,000 students in preschool, elementary, middle and high school. The five town elementary schools include Bernard F. Norton School, Garvin Memorial School, Ashton School, Community School, and John J. McLaughlin Cumberland Hill School. Students in grades 6-8 attend one of two middle schools; Joseph L. McCourt Middle School (formerly Cumberland Middle School) or North Cumberland Middle School. All students in grades 9-12 attend Cumberland High School, a modern campus spread over 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) on Mendon Road/Route 122.
For many years, the district held the distinction of the lowest per pupil spending in the state using comparative financial data from the Rhode Island Department of Education. Over the past ten years, however, the taxpayers have provided substantial resources to the schools through bonds to improve school facilities. Most recently these bond funds were spent on targeted improvements at Ashton School, John J. McLaughlin Cumberland Hill School and Cumberland High School.
Thanks to the financial generosity of the citizens of the Town of Cumberland, major renovations have been completed at Cumberland High School as part of the "CHS 2010" program. Originally opened at its Mendon Road location in 1961, Cumberland High School was formally rededicated on September 27, 2008 after five years of construction and renovation. A new facility, known as the Wellness Center, was built, including three basketball courts, an indoor track, and health and physical education rooms. Also, new music and art rooms have been constructed in the location of the former gymnasium. The final phase of the renovations and additions include a new 15-classroom science and technology wing and a new servery and cafeteria seating 600 students.
With a major cycle of facilities updates completed, the district has adopted a three-year strategic plan focused on 21st century skills for students and teachers to create equitable learning opportunities for its five thousand students. A primary emphasis of the district's Strategic Plan is a collaborative effort to design and build a Town Learning Community that will invigorate community support for the public education system. The Strategic Plan calls for the district to invest funds on teacher professional development in learning styles differences, gifted education and the integration of new classroom technology in all areas of instruction. Also, the plan focuses on strategies to personalize learning for students through differentiated instruction, advisory programs and the district's K-12 counseling program.
Nationally recognized educational organizations are partnering with the Cumberland schools in their improvement efforts. In literacy, the district is working with the Hasbro Center for Teaching Excellence/Highlander-Dunn Institute and the HILL for Literacy and, in mathematics, the Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The goal of the Cumberland Literacy Initiative is to raise student achievement in reading by training all elementary teachers as master teachers in literacy. The Cumberland Mathematics Initiative aims to provide a guaranteed and viable curriculum in mathematics for every student, every day, in every classroom in Cumberland, thereby raising the mathematical proficiency of all students in grades kindergarten through twelve.
The school system is led by its seven-member School Committee that is elected to serve for two years and includes a Chairperson, Vice-chairperson and Clerk. The School Committee hires a Superintendent of Schools to administer policies and to manage and lead learning in the district. The Cumberland Superintendent of Schools (in chronological order) are Mr. Robert Condon, Dr. Robert McGinnis, Mr. Rodney McFarlin, Dr. Robert Patterson, Mr. Robert Wallace (1993–1996), Mr. Joseph Nasif (1996–2005), and Dr. Donna Morelle (2005–2011).
Cumberland is home to a public charter school, the first Rhode Island Mayoral Academy, Blackstone Valley Prep (originally Democracy Prep Blackstone Valley). The school opened in the fall of 2009 with Kindergarten.
The one non-public school in Cumberland, Mercymount Country Day School,is run by the Sisters of Mercy of the Americas, a Roman Catholic order which has its New England regional headquarters in Cumberland.
Culture and traditions
Cumberland Farms, a large convenience store chain, takes its name from the original dairy farm business in Cumberland, Rhode Island.
A popular event, Cumberlandfest, is held each year on the second weekend of August at Diamond Hill Park on Diamond Hill Road. This event features a carnival, with rides and various venues, as well as live entertainment and a small fireworks show. Proceeds go to the town's athletic programs. This event attracts thousands of people every year.
Late in the year, started in 2002, Cumberland Town and Recreational Department has been putting together a "Spook Trail" in the woods of Diamond Hill Park on Diamond Hill Road called, Haunted Hill. Each year they have title characters like Freddy, Jason, Leatherface, and Michael Myers, along with other characters such as scarecrows, clowns and zombies.
National Registered Historic Places
- Arnold Mills Historic District
- Ashton Historic District
- Ballou-Weatherhead House
- Berkeley Mill Village
- Burlingame-Noon House
- Cole, John, Farm
- Furnace Carolina Site
- Luke Jillson House
- St. Joseph's Church Complex
- Lewis Tower House
- Tower-Flagg Barn Complex
- Whipple-Jenckes House
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ ""Namesake preserves memory of William Blackstone" By Kevin Keenan". Worcester Telegram & Gazette,. 2000-07-23. http://www.telegram.com/static/crosscurrents/riveside23.html. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- ^ a b "MHC Reconnaissance Survey Town Report: Uxbridge; Report Date: 1984, Associated Regional Report: Central Massachusetts;". Massachusetts Historical Commission. 1984. Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20071202071504/http://www.sec.state.ma.us/mhc/mhcpdf/Town+reports/Cent-Mass/uxb.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-20.
- Official Website
- Cumberland Public Schools
- HILL for Literacy
- Highlander-Dunn Institute
- North Cumberland Middle School Website
- Cumberland High School Digital Initiative
- Arnold Mills Annual Fourth of July Parade and Road Race
- Who is William Blackstone? Short, readable biography of a very interesting pioneer.
- The story of William Blackstone, with local color, from the Worcester Telegram & Gazette.
- Detailed history of Cumberland, from History of the State of Rhode Island, by Albert J. Wright, 1878.
- Cumberland Public Library
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