Warwick, Rhode Island


Warwick, Rhode Island

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Warwick
settlement_type = City



imagesize =
image_caption = Warwick City Hall
established_title2 = Incorporated (city)
established_date2 = 1931
established_title = Incorporated (town)
established_date = 1642
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Kent
government_type = Mayor-council


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Warwick in Rhode Island


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Rhode Island
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Scott Avedisian (Սգոտտ Ավէդիսյան)
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 128.52
area_land_km2 = 91.94
area_water_km2 = 36.6
area_total_sq_mi = 49.62
area_land_sq_mi = 35.50
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 85808
population_density_km2 = 949
population_density_sq_mi = 2457
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_water_sq_mi = 14.1
elevation_m = 11
elevation_ft = 36
latd = 41 |latm = 42 |lats = 00 |latNS = N
longd = 71 |longm = 24 |longs = 58 |longEW = W
region =
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 02886-02889
website = http://www.warwickri.gov/
area_code = 401
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 44-74300GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1220018GR|3
footnotes =

Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. It is the second largest city in the state, with a population of 85,808 at the 2000 census. Its mayor has been Scott Avedisian since 2000. Founded by Samuel Gorton in 1642, Warwick has witnessed major events in American history.

Warwick was decimated during King Philip's War (1675-76) and was the site of the first shot fired during the American Revolution against the British schooner Gaspée. Warwick is also the home of revolutionary war general Nathanael Greene, George Washington's second-in-command, and the Civil War hero of the battle of Gettysburg, General George S. Greene.

Warwick is home to Rhode Island's main airport, T. F. Green Airport, which serves the greater Providence area and also functions as a reliever for Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. It is also the home of the 43rd Military Police Brigade of the Rhode Island Army National Guard.

Early history

Warwick was founded in 1642 by Samuel Gorton when Narragansett Indian Chief Sachem Miantonomi agreed to accept 144 fathoms of Wampumpeague for what was known as "The Shawhomett Purchase". This included the present day towns of Coventry and West Warwick. However, the purchase was not without dispute. The two sachems of the area, Sacononoco and Pumham, stated that Miantonomi had sold the land without asking for their approval. The two sachems took their case to Boston, where they placed their lands under Massachusetts rule. In 1643 Massachusetts sent a militia force to Shawomett to arrest Gorton and his followers. After a tense standoff, all but 3 of the Gortonists surrendered to the Massachusetts force. This event caused the other three towns on Narragansett Bay (Providence, Portsmouth, and Newport) to unite and get a royal charter allowing the towns on Narragansett Bay to form the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

In 1648, Gorton was granted a Charter by Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick. Because of this, the name of the settlement was changed from Shawhomett to Warwick. While Massachusetts continued to lay claim to the area, it made no effort to enforce it.

In 1772, Warwick was the scene for the first violent act against the Crown when, in what was to be called the Gaspée Affair, local patriots boarded the British HMS Gaspée, a revenue cutter charged with enforcing the Stamp Act 1765 and Townshend Acts in an area where smuggling was common, the Narragansett Bay. It was here that the first blood of the American Revolution was spilled when the commanding officer of the Gaspée, Lt. Duddingston, was shot in his crotch while resisting the taking of his ship. The Gaspée was stripped of all cannon and arms before being torched.

During the Revolution, Warwick Militiamen participated in the battles of Montreal, Quebec, Saratoga, Monmouth, Trenton, Rhode Island, and were present for the surrender at Yorktown.

Geography

Warwick is located at coor dms|41|43|5|N|71|24|55|W|city (41.718114, -71.415227)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 square miles (128.5 km²), of which, 35.5 square miles (91.9 km²) of it is land and 14.1 square miles (36.6 km²) of it (28.46%) is water.

The following villages are located in Warwick:
*Apponaug
*Arnold's Neck
*Buttonwoods
*Cedar Tree Point
*Chepiwanoxet
*Conimicut
*Cowesett
*Gaspee
*Greenwood
*Hillsgrove
*Hoxsie
*Knight
*Lakewood
*Nausauket
*Norwood
*Oakland Beach
*Pawtuxet Village (also in Cranston)
*Pontiac (also in Cranston)
*Potowomut
*Pilgrim
*Warwick Neck
*Wildes Corner

Demographics

Warwick is officially a part of the Providence metropolitan area, which has an estimated population of 1,622,520. As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 85,808 people, 35,517 households, and 22,979 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,417.2 people per square mile (933.3/km²). There were 37,085 housing units at an average density of 1,044.7/sq mi (403.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.21% White, 1.16% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.

There were 35,517 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,483, and the median income for a family was $56,225. Males had a median income of $39,455 versus $28,946 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,410. About 4.2% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

*Chris Terreri, NHL goalie attended Pilgrim High School
*Dan Wheeler, Major League pitcher attended Pilgrim High School
*Walt Mossberg, technology editor for the "Wall Street Journal"
*James Woods, actor
*Jason Hawes and Grant Wilson, paranormal investigators, founders of The Atlantic Paranormal Society, and hosts of "Ghost Hunters"
*Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general
*George Sears Greene, Civil War general
*Doug White (news anchor), Former NBC 10 News Anchor
*Rocco Baldelli, MLB Baseball Player
*Will Blackmon, NFL player attended Bishop Hendricken High School
*Sara Decosta, US Women's Hockey Goalie

Education

Local public schools are operated by Warwick Public Schools [http://www.warwickschools.org/] .
Toll Gate High School, Warwick Veterans Memorial High School,and Pilgrim High School are the three comprehensive public high schools located in Warwick.
Bishop Hendricken High School is a Catholic, all male, college preparatory high school located in Warwick as well.

The Community College of Rhode Island Knight Campus is also located in Warwick.

References

External links

* [http://www.warwickmuseum.org Warwick Museum of Art]
* [http://www.warwickpl.org Warwick Public Library]
* [http://www.www.pawtuxetcove.com Pawtuxet Cove]
* [http://www.warwickri.gov/ City of Warwick, Rhode Island Website]
*http://www.warwickpd.org/ City Of Warwick Police Department
*http://www.warwickfiredept.org/ City of Warwick Fire Department
** [http://www.warwickri.gov/heritage/generalhistory.htm General History]
** [http://www.warwickri.gov/gaspee.htm More in-depth account of the Gaspee Incident]
* [http://www.generalatomic.com/AmericanHistory/gaspee.html Affair of the Gaspee]
* [http://www.gaspee.com Gaspee Days]
* [http://www.visitwarwickri.com/ Warwick's Dept. of Tourism]
* [http://www.quahog.org/ Quahog.org] This site is a guide, with a strong emphasis on history, to travel within the Ocean State. Information on such sights as the [http://www.quahog.org/attractions/index.php?id=53 Condom Hut] , [http://www.quahog.org/attractions/index.php?id=59 Florence Nightingale's Nursing Cap] , and the famous [http://www.quahog.org/attractions/index.php?id=58 Nibbles Woodaway] , the Big Blue Bug


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