- Constitution of Georgia (country)
Constitution of Georgia
Constitution of Georgia
Created July 2, 1995 Ratified August 24, 1995 Location Parliament of Georgia Authors State Constitutional Commission of Georgia Signatories The members of State Constitutional Commission and Parliament of Georgia
The Constitution of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს კონსტიტუცია, sakartvelos k'onstitutsia) is the supreme law of Georgia. It was approved by the Parliament of Georgia on August 24 1995. It entered into force on October 17. The Constitution replaced the Decree on State Power of November 1992 which had functioned as an interim basic law.
Early constitutional history
Under Gamsakhurdia Georgia had continued to function under the Soviet-era constitution of 1978, which was based on the 1977 constitution of the Soviet Union. The first postcommunist parliament amended that document extensively. In February 1992, the Georgian National Congress (the alternate parliament elected in 1990) formally designated the Georgian constitution of February 21, 1921, as the effective constitution of Georgia. That declaration received legitimacy from the signatures of Jaba Ioseliani and Tengiz Kitovani, at that time two of the three members of the governing Military Council. In February 1993, Shevardnadze called for extensive revisions of the 1921 constitution. Characterizing large sections of that document as wholly unacceptable, Shevardnadze proposed forming a constitutional commission to draft a new version by December 1993.
On January 4, Mikhail Saakashvili won the Georgian presidential election, 2004 with an overwhelming majority of 96% of the votes cast. Constitutional amendments were rushed through Parliament in February strengthening the powers of the President to dismiss Parliament and creating the post of Prime Minister. Zurab Zhvania was appointed Prime Minister. Nino Burjanadze, the interim President, became Speaker of Parliament.
On October 15 2010, the Parliament of Georgia adopted with 112 votes to five major amendments to the constitution, which will significantly reduce powers of the next president in favor of Prime Minister and the government. The new constitution will go into force upon the inauguration of the next president, who will be elected in the elections in October, 2013.
- Constitution of Georgia, August 1995 (as amended December 2006). Retrieved 29 January 2009.
States with limited
and other territories
- European Union
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta
States with limited
Christmas Island · Cocos (Keeling) Islands · Hong Kong · Macau
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Constitution of Georgia — The term Constitution of Georgia can refer to one of two documents: The Constitution of Georgia (country), the governing document of Georgia, a nation in the Caucasus region of eastern Europe and western Asia. The Georgia State Constitution, the… … Wikipedia
Georgia (country) — Georgia საქართველო Sakartvelo … Wikipedia
Districts of Georgia (country) — The Districts of Georgia refer to the second level administrative regions of Georgia in western Asia. The 1 st level divisions of Georgia (9 regions and 2 autonomous republics) are divided into 72 districts (municipalities) and cities. Under the… … Wikipedia
Outline of Georgia (country) — … Wikipedia
Christianity in Georgia (country) — Christianity by Country Africa … Wikipedia
Culture of Georgia (country) — This article is about the culture of Georgia the country. For the culture of the U.S. state, see Culture of Georgia (U.S. state). A page from a rare 12th century Gelati Gospel depicting the Nativity from the Art Museum of Georgia in Tbilisi. The… … Wikipedia
Religion in Georgia (country) — The wide variety of peoples inhabiting Georgia has meant a correspondingly rich array of active religions. Today most of the population in Georgia practices Orthodox Christianity, primarily the Georgian Orthodox Church. Of these (82%), around 2%… … Wikipedia
Education in Georgia (country) — Education in Georgia is free of charge and compulsory from the age of 6 or 7 until 16 years. [http://www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2001/georgia.htm Georgia ] . Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor (2001) . Bureau of International… … Wikipedia
National Bank of Georgia (country) — The National Bank of Georgia Headquarters … Wikipedia
Supreme Court of Georgia (country) — This article refers to the highest court of the country of Georgia; for the highest court of the U.S. state, see Supreme Court of Georgia (U.S. state). The Supreme Court of Georgia is the highest judicial authority of the country of Georgia. It… … Wikipedia