- USS Mount Vernon (AP-22)
USS "Mount Vernon" (AP-22) was a
troop transportthat served with the United States Navyduring World War II. Prior to her military service, she was a luxury ocean linernamed SS "Washington".
"Washington" was launched in May 1933 by the
New York Shipbuilding Companyof Camden, New Jersey, and operated as a passenger linerfrom New York to Plymouth, England, and Hamburg, Germany. Renamed "Mount Vernon" 6 June 1941, the liner was acquired by the Navy 16 June 1941 and commissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yardthe same day, Capt. Donald B. Beary in command.
Converted for naval use by Philadelphia Navy Yard, "Mount Vernon" trained along the east coast while mounting tension in the
Far Eastdrew the United Statestoward participation in World War II. In the fall, the new transport joined a convoy at Halifax, Nova Scotia, and sailed for Capetown, South Africa. As "Mount Vernon" steamed toward Cape Horn, word arrived that Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor.
World War II
The transport reached Singapore 13 January 1942. Here she debarked British and Canadian troops, watched dogfights between Japanese and British planes over the city, and underwent an air attack before sailing 16 January for
Aden, where she embarked Australian veterans of the Mediterranean Theatrefor transportation to Ceylonand Fremantle. In Australia she embarked civilian and military escapees from the Philippines, including Mrs. F. E. Sayre, wife of the U.S. High Commissioner to the Philippines and daughter of President Woodrow Wilson, and naval survivors from ships sunk in the Macassar Straitsbattle. After calls in Adelaide, South Australiaand Wellington, New Zealand, "Mount Vernon" sailed for San Francisco, arriving 31 March.
For the next 2 years, "Mount Vernon" plied from San Francisco to ports in Australia, New Zealand,
New Caledonia, and Hawaii, carrying the soldiers, marines, and sailors who would build the bases, then fight from them, bringing the ultimate victory over Japan. Her last such voyage began from San Francisco 21 February 1944. Steaming via Melbourne, she proceeded to Bombay, India, to debark Army men. She returned to Melbourne, and sailed for Bostonby way of the Panama Canal, arriving 22 May.
On 4 June 1944 "Mount Vernon" began a series of voyages to
British Islesports and the Mediterranean, carrying men for the massive buildup on the European continent which would bring Germany to her knees. Her crossings continued after the war, as she carried occupation troops over and brought veterans home.
Returning from the last voyage 3 January 1946, "Mount Vernon" decommissioned 18 January 1946, was delivered to the Maritime Commission, and again named "Washington". She was struck from the Naval Register in 1959 and sold for scrap in 1965.
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/auxil/ap22.htm "Mount Vernon" AP-22] - DANFS Online.
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/22/22022.htm AP-22 "Mount Vernon] , Navsource Online.
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