Peter Milward

Peter Milward

Infobox Writer

imagesize = 150px
name = Peter Christopher Milward
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birthdate = 1925
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occupation = Jesuit priest, professor
nationality = British
period = 20th century
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influences = G. K. Chesterton, C. S. Lewis
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Peter Milward (born London, 1925) is a Jesuit priest and literary scholar. He is emeritus professor of English Literature at Sophia University in Tokyo, where he was director of the Renaissance Centre and for many years a leading figure in scholarship on English Renaissance literature. He has primarily published on the works of William Shakespeare [ [ Page on Milward's work on Shakespeare] on Boston College website. Accessed 4 March 2008.] and Gerald Manley Hopkins.



Peter Milward was educated at Wimbledon College, entering the Society of Jesus in 1943 at the age of 18. He went on to study Classics and English Literature in Heythrop College and Campion Hall, Oxford. In Oxford he made a point of attending the lectures of C. S. Lewis and the meetings of the Socratic Club. In 1954 he was sent to Japan, where he learnt the Japanese language and completed his study of Theology. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1960.

Academic career

Milward joined the Department of English Literature at Sophia University in 1962. In time he became vice-chairman of the Renaissance Institute at Sophia University, and editor of the Institute's "Renaissance Monographs". He was the first director of the university's Renaissance Centre, opened in 1984. Since retirement he has continued to provide lectures at the Renaissance Centre.

He is best known in Japan as the author of a series of readers and textbooks for the study of the English language and English literature, and as an essayist on comparative culture. Outside Japan, he is best known to academics as a specialist in Renaissance literature who, largely on the basis of research in the Huntington Library, compiled two fundamental aids for the study of religion in early modern England: "Religious Controversies of the Elizabethan Age" (1977) and "Religious Controversies of the Jacobean Age" (1978). Milward was also a book reviewer for "Monumenta Nipponica".

Since retirement he has been one of the leading proponents of the view that Shakespeare was a crypto-Catholic. He writes regularly for the "St. Austin Review".

elect list of publications

For fuller lists of publications in Japan (and in Japanese) see the pages at Sophia University: [ Publications of Peter Milward 1] and [ Publications of Peter Milward 2] .

As author

General works

*"Christian Themes in English Literature". Tokyo: Kenkyusha, 1967.:Reprinted Folcroft: Folcroft Press, 1970.
*"Fortunate Failures: an Autobiography of Error". Azuma Shobo, 1975.
*"Oddities in Modern Japan: Observations of an Outsider" [Nihonjin no Nihon shirazu] . Tokyo: Hokuseido Press, 1980.
*"The Bible as Literature". Tokyo: Kenkyusha, 1983. ISBN 4327420344.
*"An Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna in English and American Literature". Lewiston, N.Y., and Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. ISBN 0773495398.
*"What is a University?". London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 2006. ISBN 0856832332.

On Renaissance literature

*"Shakespeare's Religious Background". Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973. ISBN 0253352002. [Reviewed in "The Modern Language Review" 69:4 (1974), pp. 842-843; "The Review of English Studies". New Series, vol. 26, no. 103 (1975), pp. 331-333; "Shakespeare Quarterly" 26:2 (1975), pp. 218-222.]
*"Teaching Shakespeare in Japan", "Shakespeare Quarterly" 25:2 (1974), pp. 228-233. Available on [ JSTOR] to subscribers.
*"The Jewel-Harding Controversy", "Albion" 6:4 (1974), pp. 320-341. Available on [ JSTOR] to subscribers.
*"Biblical Themes in Shakespeare". Renaissance Monographs 3. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 1975.
*"An Anthology of Medieval Thinkers: Prolegomena to Medieval and Renaissance Literature". Renaissance Monographs 7. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 1975.
*"Religious Controversies of the Elizabethan Age: a Survey of Printed Sources". With a foreword by G.R. Elton. Lincoln, Nebraska, and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1977. ISBN 0803209231. [Reviewed in "Renaissance Quarterly" 32:1 (1979), pp. 106-108; "Sixteenth Century Journal" 10:2 (1979), p. 114; "Shakespeare Quarterly" 30:1 (1979), pp. 121-124.]
*"Religious Controversies of the Jacobean Age: a Survey of Printed Sources". Lincoln, Nebraska, and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1978. ISBN 0803230583.
*"The Catholicism of Shakespeare's Plays". Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 1997.:Reprinted Southampton: Saint Austin Press, 1997. ISBN 1901157105.
*"Shakespeare's Apocalypse". Saint Austin Literature & Ideas series. London: Saint Austin Press, 2000. ISBN 1901157326.
*"Shakespeare's Secular Bible: A Modern Commentary", "Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture" 4:3 (2001), pp. 108-114.
*"Shakespeare's Meta-drama: Hamlet and Macbeth". Renaissance Monographs 30. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 2003.
*"Shakespeare's Meta-drama: Othello and King Lear". Renaissance Monographs 31. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 2003.
*"Shakespeare the Papist". Ann Arbor, MI: Sapientia Press, 2005. ISBN 193258921X.

On modern literature

*"A Commentary on G. M. Hopkins' "The Wreck of the Deutschland". Tokyo: Hokuseido Press, 1968.:Reprinted Lewiston: E. Mellen Press, 1991. ISBN 0889465843.
*" A Commentary on the Sonnets of G.M. Hopkins". Tokyo: Hokuseido Press, 1969.:Reprinted London: C. Hurst, 1970.:Reprinted Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1985. ISBN 0829404945.
*"Landscape and Inscape: Vision and Inspiration in Hopkins's Poetry". London: Elek, 1975. ISBN 0236400002.
*"The Heart of Natsume Soseki: first impressions of his novels"; with notes by Kii Nakano. [Tokyo] : Azuma Shobo, 1982.
*"A Challenge to C. S. Lewis". London: Associated University Presses, 1995. ISBN 0838635687.
*"A Lifetime with Hopkins". Ave Maria: Sapientia Press, 2005. ISBN 1932589228.

As editor

Literary volumes

*G. K. Chesterton, "Essays on Shakespeare". Kenkyusha Pocket English series 233. Tokyo: Kenkyusha, 1968.
*John Donne, "Holy Sonnets", edited with notes by Peter Milward and Shonosuke Ishii. Kenkyusha Pocket English Series 270. Tokyo: Kenkyusha, 1980.
*Natsume Sōseki, "The Tower of London", translated and edited with introduction, commentary, and notes by Peter Milward and Kii Nakano. Brighton: In Print, 1992. ISBN 1873047908.

Academic volumes

*"Readings of The Wreck: essays in commemoration of the centenary of G. M. Hopkins' "The Wreck of the Deutschland", edited by Peter Milward, assisted by Raymond Schoder. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1976. ISBN 0829402497.
*"Poetry and Faith in the English Renaissance: essays in honour of Professor Toyohiko Tatsumi's seventieth birthday", edited by Peter Milward. Renaissance Monographs 13. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 1987.
*"The Mutual Encounter of East and West, 1492-1992", edited by Peter Milward. Renaissance Monographs 19. Tokyo: Renaissance Institute, 1992.
*"Portuguese Voyages to Asia and Japan in the Renaissance Period: proceedings of the international conference held at Sophia University", edited by Peter Milward. Renaissance Monographs 20. Tokyo: The Renaissance Institute, Sophia University, 1994.


External links

* [ Peter Milward Homepage] , Sophia University. Accessed 4 March 2008.
* [ Online autobiography] . Accessed 4 March 2008.

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