- Penetration (band)
Infobox Musical artist
Name = Penetration
Background = group_or_band
Ferryhill, County Durham, England
Years_active = 1976–1980, 2001–
Label = Virgin
The Invisible Girls
URL = [http://www.loversofoutrage.co.uk Official web site]
Penetration were a
punk rockband from County Durhamoriginally formed in 1976. They re-formed in 2001 with several new members.
Their debut single, "Don’t Dictate", is now acknowledged as a classic punk rock single [Mojo (October 2001) - "100 Punk Scorchers", Issue 95, London;] [cite book |title= "Up Yours! A Guide to UK Punk, New Wave & Early Post Punk"|last= Joynson|first= Vernon|year= 2001|publisher= Borderline Publications|location= Wolverhampton|isbn= 1-899855-13-0|pages= p.269|quote= A pulsating punk song. One of the best in a year of many gems. It’s anti-authoritarian message was ideal for 1977.;] and their debut album, "Moving Targets" (1978), is still widely admired [ cite book |title= "1,000 Albums To Hear Before You Die"|last= The Guardian|year= November 2007|location= London|quote= Penetration's debut alienated their punk following, but, looking back now, it documented the tensions of the era. They were Tyneside punks with a heavy metal guitarist - future Tyger of Pan Tang Fred Purser - whose sonic battles with the band's punk faction makes singer Pauline Murray's doom-laden warnings sound even more urgent and compelling.; ] [cite book |title= "Punk"|last= Thompson|first= Dave|year= 2000|publisher= Collector’s Guide Publication|location= Ontario|isbn= 1-896522-27-0|pages= p.87|quote= Gargantuan.;] [ cite web |url= http://wc06.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:g9fwxqr5ld6e |first=Dave |last=Thompson |title= Review of "Moving Targets" on
Allmusic|quote= Penetration's debut album stands among the very last true greats of the first wave of British punk offerings. A glorious collision of adrenalized exuberance and astonishing energies, topped by Pauline Murray's unmistakably soaring vocals.] [ cite book |title= "All Time Top 1000 Albums"|last= Larkin|first= Colin|year= 1994|publisher= Guinness Publishing|location= Enfield|pages= p.244|quote= Their debut single, the excellent "Don’t Dictate", which came out in the autumn of 1977, set the tone and a widely regarded reputation for their punky enthusiasm. With this, their debut album, that appeared the following year, cementing their critical acclaim.; ]
lead singeris Pauline Murray(born 8 March 1958in Waterhouses, County Durham, England). Other members included Robert Blamire, Gary Smallman, and Gary Chaplin, and later Neale Floyd and Fred Purser. Steve Wallace and Paul Harvey were drafted in as new guitarists in 2001.
The band took their name from an
Iggy Popsong and played their first gig in October 1976. [cite book |title= "Up Yours! A Guide to UK Punk, New Wave & Early Post Punk"|last= Joynson|first= Vernon|year= 2001|publisher= Borderline Publications|location= Wolverhampton|pages= p.269;] Their second gig was supporting The Stranglersat Newcastle City Hall. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/tyne/content/articles/2006/07/25/penetration_feature.shtml ‘Penetration: Re-animated!’ David St Clair talks to Pauline Murray] ;] Significantly, the band also played at the now-legendary punk club The Roxyduring its first 100 days. On 9 April 1977, the band appeared on the same bill as Generation X. [ cite book |title= "Punk"|last= Thompson|first= Dave|year= 2000|publisher= Collector’s Guide Publication|location= Ontario|pages= p.62; ] Early in their career, the band also supported The Vibratorsand toured with the Buzzcocks. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/tyne/content/articles/2006/07/25/penetration_feature.shtml ‘Penetration: Re-animated!’ David St Clair talks to Pauline Murray] ;]
After the release of their second single, Penetration recorded the first of two sessions for
John Peelat BBC Radio 1in July 1978. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio1/johnpeel/artists/p/penetration/ Penetration’s John Peel Sessions on BBC Radio 1] ; ] Later that year, the band released their debut album. "Moving Target" was number 6 in the Sounds Critics’ albums of the year; and it made number 13 in the NMEcritics’ chart.
In 1979, they toured Europe, the US and Britain but the gruelling schedule began to take its toll. [cite book |title= "Up Yours! A Guide to UK Punk, New Wave & Early Post Punk"|last= Joynson|first= Vernon|year= 2001|publisher= Borderline Publications|location= Wolverhampton|pages= p.270;] A disappointing reaction to "Coming Up For Air", the second album, was the final nail in the coffin of the original band. After the band had split an album called "Race Against Time" was released, which was a collection of early demos and live tracks.
Pauline Murray featured briefly with
The Invisible Girls, which also included Robert Blamire as well as other Manchester musicians who drifted in and out such as Vini Reilly, guitarist in the The Durutti Column. John Maher from Buzzcocks drummed for the band. The album that resulted, produced by Martin Hannett, spawned the singles "Dream Sequence" and "Mr.X". Murray also provided vocal for The Only Oneson their track, "Fools".
Pauline Murray worked sporadically as a solo artist under the name 'Pauline Murray and The Storm' with Robert Blamire, Tim Johnston and Paul Harvey. Paul Harvey is also a Stuckist
artist. Blamire also worked as a producer for various groups, including the Scars, whose sole LP (1981's "Author! Author!") he produced.
*"Moving Targets" (October 1978: V 2109) First 15,000 copies on luminous vinyl # 22
UK Albums Chartcite book
title= British Hit Singles & Albums
publisher= Guinness World Records Limited
id= ISBN 1-904994-10-5]
*"Coming Up For Air" (September 1979: V 2131) # 36 UK
*"Race Against Time" (Official bootleg) (October 1979: Virgin / Clifdayn PEN 1)
*"Don’t Dictate: The Best of Penetration" (March 1995: CDOVD 450)
*"Don’t Dictate" / "Money Talks" (November 1977: VS 192) Re-released in 1983.
*"Firing Squad" / "Never" (May 1978: VS 213)
*"Life’s A Gamble" / "V.I.P." (September 1978: VS 226)
*"Danger Signs" / "Stone Heroes (Live)" (April 1979: VS 257) Also released, with an additional track, as a 12 inch single.
*"Come Into the Open" / "Lifeline" (August 1979: VS 268)
List of British punk bands
List of musicians in the first wave of punk music
List of Peel sessions
Music of the United Kingdom (1970s)
* [http://www.loversofoutrage.co.uk Official web site]
* [http://www.punk77.co.uk/groups/penetration.htm Penetration] on www.punk77.co.uk
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