Calumet-Norvelt, Pennsylvania

Calumet-Norvelt, Pennsylvania

Geobox|Settlement
name = Calumet-Norvelt
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =
category = Census-designated place
etymology_type = Named for
etymology = Calumet Coke Company (Calumet) and Eleanor Roosevelt (Norvelt)
official_name =
nickname =
motto =


image_size =
image_caption =


flag_size =
symbol =
symbol_type =
symbol_size =
country = United States
country_

state = Pennsylvania
state_

region = Westmoreland
region_type = County
district = Mount Pleasant
district_type = Township
landmark =
river =
location =
lat_d = 40
lat_m = 12
lat_s = 49
lat_NS = N
long_d = 79
long_m = 29
long_s = 35
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial = 1000
elevation_round = 0
area_imperial = 1.5
area_land_imperial = 1.5
area_water_imperial = 0.0
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
area_round = 1
area_land_round = 1
area_water_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 1682
population_density_imperial = 1156.4
population_density_round = 1
established_type = Founded
established = 1888 (Calumet) and 1934 (Norvelt)
established_note =
established1_type =
established1 =
established1_note =
mayor =
mayor_note =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code = 15621 (Calumet) and 15674 (Norvelt)
postal_code_type = ZIP code
area_code = 724
area_code_type =
code2_type =
code2 =
free_type = School District
free = Mount Pleasant Area School District


map_caption =
map1 = Pennsylvania Locator Map.png map1_caption = Location of Calumet-Norvelt in Pennsylvania
map1_locator = Pennsylvania
map2 = Map of USA PA.svg
map2_caption = Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
website =

Calumet-Norvelt is a census-designated place (CDP) in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States. Although the US Census treats Calumet and Norvelt as a single community, they are in reality two very different communities, each reflecting a different chapter in how the Great Depression affected rural Pennsylvanians. Calumet was a typical “patch town,” built by a single company to house its miners as cheaply as possible. The closing of the Calumet mine during the Great Depression caused enormous hardship in an era when unemployment compensation and welfare payments were nonexistent. On the other hand, Norvelt was created during the depression by the US federal government as a model community, intended to increase the standard of living of laid-off coal miners.

Geography

Calumet-Norvelt is an unincorporated community within Mount Pleasant Township. Calumet-Norvelt is located at coor dms|40|12|49|N|79|29|35|W|city (40.213730, -79.493121)GR|1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²), all of it land.

History of Calumet

Calumet was founded by the Calumet Coke Company in 1888 as a housing site for its workers.cite web|url=http://patheoldminer.rootsweb.ancestry.com/calumet.html |title=Calumet Mine & Coke Works |accessdate=2008-04-30 |last=Washlaski |first=Raymond A. |coauthors=Ryan P. Washlaski, Peter E. Starry, Jr. |date=2006-02-25 |work=Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania ] The community, as originally laid out, consisted of twenty double-houses, twelve single-family houses, and a few commercial and industrial buildings. The workers were employed in a coal mine and also tended ovens that produced coke (fuel). In 1894, Calumet was the site of a bitter coal miners’ strike against the H. C. Frick Coke Company, which at that time was part-owner of Calumet Coke Company.

The coke works closed in the 1920s, and the mine closed in the early 1930s during the Great Depression, causing enormous hardship for the community’s workers.

History of Norvelt

Norvelt, originally named Westmoreland Homesteads, was created April 13, 1934, as one of a series of “subsistence homesteads” under the National Industrial Recovery Act.cite web|url=http://www.explorepahistory.com/ |title=Norvelt |accessdate=2008-04-30 |work=ExplorePAhistory.com |publisher=WITF, Inc. (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) and Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission] These communities were intended to allow rural inhabitants to have an improved quality of living, while largely growing their own food. It was hoped that these new communities would raise the standard of living for unemployed coal miners from nearby Calumet and similar "patch towns" in the area. Accordingly, each lot was a minimum of convert|1.7|acre|m2, and other land was set aside as a cooperative farm. The community’s layout and home designs were created by Paul Bartholomew, an architect who had also designed many notable buildings in Greensburg.

In 1937, the community’s name was changed to Norvelt (EleaNOR RooseVELT), following a visit by Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,682 people, 682 households, and 504 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,156.4 people per square mile (447.9/km²). There were 709 housing units at an average density of 487.5/sq mi (188.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 99.41% White, 0.36% African American, 0.18% from other races, and 0.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 682 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,000, and the median income for a family was $47,292. Males had a median income of $29,966 versus $22,027 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,043. About 4.2% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

ee also

* Calumet, Pennsylvania
* Norvelt, Pennsylvania

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Norvelt, Pennsylvania — Coordinates: 40°12′34″N 79°30′13″W / 40.20944°N 79.50361°W / 40.20944; 79.50361 …   Wikipedia

  • Calumet-Norvelt — Calumet Norvelt, PA U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 1682 Housing Units (2000): 709 Land area (2000): 1.454463 sq. miles (3.767042 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Calumet-Norvelt, PA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 1682 Housing Units (2000): 709 Land area (2000): 1.454463 sq. miles (3.767042 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.454463 sq. miles (3 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Calumet, Pennsylvania — Geobox|Settlement name = Calumet native name = other name = other name1 = category = Unincorporated community etymology type = Named for etymology = Calumet Coke Company official name = nickname = motto = image size = image caption = flag size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Calumet — A Calumet is a Native American smoking pipe carved out of pipestone, sometimes called a peace pipe .Calumet is also the name (or part of the name) of a number of places in North America:;In the United States *Calumet, Colorado *Calumet, Iowa… …   Wikipedia

  • Calumet — Calumet, OK U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 535 Housing Units (2000): 205 Land area (2000): 1.280604 sq. miles (3.316748 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.280604 sq. miles (3.316748 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Calumet, PA — Calumet Norvelt, PA U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 1682 Housing Units (2000): 709 Land area (2000): 1.454463 sq. miles (3.767042 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • List of Pennsylvania locations by per capita income — Pennsylvania locations by per capita income is a list of all incorporated areas and census designated places in Pennsylvania ranked from highest capita income to lowest per capita income. There are many communities not on the list because they… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Pleasant Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania — For other Pennsylvania townships of the same name, see Mount Pleasant Township, Pennsylvania. Mount Pleasant Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania   Township   …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania — Location of Westmoreland County This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»