Šalata


Šalata

Šalata (IPA2|ʂɑˈlǎta) is an upper-class neighborhood in Zagreb, Croatia. It is administratively part of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district in the northern part of Zagreb. It houses the Šalata Sport and Recreation Center ("ŠRC Šalata") and the Šalata hospital ("KBC Šalata"). The neighborhood is located east of Medveščak Road, the main thoroughfare of its parent city district, on the gentle slopes of the Medvednica. Due to its hilly nature, Šalata is approximately convert|40|to|70|m|sp=us|lk=on above downtown Zagreb.cite web
url = https://e-uprava.apis-it.hr/gup/Download.aspx
title = Download karata GUP-a
accessdate = 2008-08-20
work = City of Zagreb
language = Croatian
]

The residents of Šalata are close to almost all major events outside the neighborhoods due to their proximity to both the old city cores of Gornji Grad and Kaptol, and the current center, Donji Grad. Šalata is praised for great views of the city because of its higher altitude in relation to the rest of the city and its position on some of the southernmost hills of Medvednica. Due to these factors, real estate in Šalata is expensive and Šalata has become home to many influential people from the political, musical and sports scene in Croatia.

Geography

Šalata was quickly urbanized in the early and mid-20th century following a rapid expansion of Zagreb. The urbanization can be explained by its prime location on the slopes of the Medvednica Mountain and its close proximity to the Ban Jelačić Square.fact|date=August 2008 Nonetheless, the neighborhood retains an environmentally friendly image, housing the botanical garden "Fran Kušan" in Zagreb, owned by the faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Zagreb. The garden is located at the end of the quiet Schrottova Street. Although only convert|24000|m2|abbr=on in area, the garden contains over 2,000 plant species.cite web
url = http://fb.pharma.hr/botvrt.htm
title = Botanički vrt ljekovitog bilja "Fran Kušan"
date = 2005-10-07
last = Hazler Pilepić
first = Kroata
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Zavod za farmaceutsku botaniku
language = Croatian
]

Šalata's mass transit consists of four bus lines: numbers 106, 201, 226 and 238.cite web
url = http://www.zet.hr/autobus/dnevni.aspx
title = Vozni redovi dnevnih autobusnih linija
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = ZET
language = Croatian
] All the lines run along Grškovićeva Street and Bijenička Road up to the Ruđer Bošković Institute. At this point 106 and 226 continue northwest towards the Mirogoj and the rest continue northeast along the Bijenička Road.cite web
url = http://www.zet.hr/autobus/autobusna-mreza.aspx
title = Mreža autobusnih linija
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = ZET
language = Croatian
] The southeastern part remains away from bus routes, so the City of Zagreb administration deems Šalata badly connected to the rest of the city, and plans to add more bus lines.cite web
url = http://www.zagreb.hr/default.aspx?id=1891
title = Glavni problemi u 2005. godini
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = City of Zagreb
language = Croatian
] The neighborhood does not have any tram lines, so its inhabitants have to either descend by staircases to nearby arterial roads, or take the bus to Kaptol near Ban Jelačić Square to reach the nearest tram stations.

Babonićeva Street, connected to the rest of Šalata only by staircases, has recently experienced a rise in construction of luxury apartment buildings three or four stories high, and is the first in Croatia to feature digital homes. The new development has been criticized, though, because the houses are located in a canyon, which allows their roofs to be seen from nearby streets.cite web
url = http://www.vecernji.hr/newsroom/regions/zagreb/2943823/index.do
title = Beverly Hills: Novo naselje za elitu u Babonićevoj ulici
date = 2007-10-29
last = Baković
first = Sanja
accessdate = 2008-08-04
work = Večernji list
language = Croatian
] Babonićeva Street used to be a cul-de-sac, but was enlarged upon the construction of apartment buildings at the expense of some orchards owned by the local church. The enlargement was planned for 30 years, but the city was unable to buy the church property until the mid-2000s.fact|date=August 2008

History

Šalata was built along several arterial roads: Bijenička Road, Voćarska Road and Grškovićeva Street. The first development occurred around Šalata Street, near today's Faculty of Medicine in the southwest part of the neighborhood. As the city grew, the neighborhood expanded northward. This created garbled street patterns in the south, but led to straight north-south streets and random east-west connectors north of Grškovićeva Street. East of Voćarska and Bijenička Street the neighborhood is located on steep slopes and canyons, generating long, steep north-south streets connected by staircases. The most expensive houses are primarily located along the major thoroughfares, which tend not to exhibit much traffic due to the Šalata's proximity of Medveščak Road, the main route to the northernmost parts of Zagreb. In the southern part of the neighborhood is the Voćarsko naselje, a small, but densely built neighborhood that has become a sort of a microdistrict on its own. It is not as expensive due to little road access and parking problems.fact|date=August 2008

Šalata used to be a village where farmers used to hold cattle and produce dairy products for the farmers' market in the city. At the beginning of the 20th century, the city spread north and the area was rapidly urbanized and became known as Šalata around 1920s. Between 1945 and 1952, Šalata was a part of the 2nd raion. After 1945 the 2nd raion became the Medveščak municipality and Šalata formally became a neighborhood. Up until 1990 the definition of a neighborhood was coded by city ordinances, at which point Croatia separated from the rest of the then existing Yugoslavia and neighborhood definitions were scrapped. Šalata again became an informal division of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district.cite web
url = http://www.zagreb.hr/default.aspx?id=194
title = Gornji Grad - Medveščak: Općenito o gradskoj četvrti
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = City of Zagreb
language = Croatian
] Today, the neighborhood consists mostly of single family homes or mansions and small three or four story luxury apartment buildings with apartments usually stretching one or two stories. Real estate prices are currently increasing due to the neighborhood being close to most city amenities.cite web
url = http://www.jutarnji.hr/clanak/art-2007,6,23,zagreb_elita,79551.jl
title = Strane škole i poslovni tornjevi preselili elitu na istok grada
date = 2007-06-23
last = Stipić
first = Branka
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = Jutarnji list
language = Croatian
] cite web
url = http://www.jutarnji.hr/clanak/art-2006,2,4,zone_buducnosti,9807.jl
title = Zone budućnosti Središće, Vrbani III i Trokut
date = 2006-02-04
last = Sutlić
first = Korana
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = Jutarnji list
language = Croatian
]

Education

Most of Šalata and the surrounding neighborhoods are zoned to the Ivan Goran Kovačić elementary school, located near the center of the neighborhood in Mesićeva Street. While there is no high school zoning in Zagreb, the 18th Gymnasium, known for its bilingual classes, shares the building with the elementary school.cite web
url = http://www.gimnazija-osamnaesta-zg.skole.hr/skola
title = XVIII. gimnazija Zagreb - O školi
accessdate = 2008-08-11
work = 18th Gymnasium
language = Croatian
] The Archdiocesan Classical Gymnasium ( _hr. Nadbiskupska klasična gimnazija) is located nearby on Voćarska Road.cite web
url = http://www.nkg-zagreb.hr//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9&Itemid=22
title = NKG - Gdje smo?
accessdate = 2008-08-11
work = Archdiocesan Classical Gymnasium
language = Croatian
] As for tertiary education, Šalata hosts faculties of Science (Departments of Mathematics and Physics), Medicine and Chemistry of the University of Zagreb. The Ruđer Bošković Institute is also located nearby. Due to this, Šalata is regarded as one of the educational and scientific centers of Zagreb. The Interdiocesan Boys' Seminary ( _hr. Međubiskupsko dječačko sjemenište) is located on Voćarska Road, sharing the property with the church of Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Archdiocesan Classical Gymnasium.

Culture

The neighborhood is a cultural center of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district. It houses two privately-owned theaters: "Mala scena" at the intersection of Grškovićeva Street and Medveščak Road, and "Žar ptica" on the far northern part of Bijenička Road. In addition to this, Šalata is renowned for being the home of many influential Croatian artists, such as sculptor Vanja Radauš, who owned an atelier on Zmajevac Street and painter Vasilije Jordan.fact|date=August 2008

Šalata is widely known throughout Zagreb for its festivals, including Šalata Open Air Festival, VIP INmusic Festival, concerts on the ŠRC Šalata football stadium, and others. These concerts often host world-famous bands and singers, such as Morrissey, Korn or Franz Ferdinand.cite web
url = http://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2006/07/morrissey.html
title = Šalata Open Air Festival, Zagreb, Croatia
date = 2006-06-07
last = Weeks
first = Timothy A.
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Paste magazine
] cite web
url = http://www.zbrdazdola.com/rec_kon/korn_salata_2007.htm
title = KORN
date = 2007-07-03
last = Sušnik
first = Miroslav
accessdate = 2008-08-30
work = Zbrda Zdola
language = Croatian
] cite web
url = http://www.zbrdazdola.com/rec_kon/inmusic2006_franzferdinand.htm
title = INmusic festival 2006.
date = 2006-07-04
last = Ciglenečki
first = Darko
accessdate = 2008-08-30
work = Zbrda Zdola
language = Croatian
] The Papaya nightclub (now called Euphoria Šalata) is located in the neighborhood, near the pool of ŠRC Šalata.cite web
url = http://www.euphoria.hr
title = Euphoria Šalata
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Euphoria Šalata
language = Croatian
]

The biggest cemetery in Zagreb, Mirogoj, is located directly north of Šalata, reachable by Bijenička Road and Bollé Street. It is also a heavily visited tourist destination. Mirogoj was built in 1879, shutting down eight other older city cemeteries. It is a major work of its architect, Hermann Bollé. Bollé is responsible for designing the magnificent arcades, which serve the role of Mirogoj western wall, while at the same time being used as graves for honored citizens of Zagreb.cite web
url = http://www.gradskagroblja.hr/Default.aspx?art=296&sec=126
title = History of Mirogoj
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Gradska groblja
] For his tributes to the city, Bollé was buried in the Mirogoj arcades and the street leading to Mirogoj from Bijenička Road was named after him.cite web
url = http://www.gradskagroblja.hr/Default.aspx?art=410
title = Znameniti ljudi pokopani na Mirogoju: B
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = Gradska groblja
language = Croatian
] Mirogoj contains sculptures of many famous Croatian sculptors, such as Dušan Džamonja or Ivan Meštrović. On the Mirogojska Road north of Mirogoj, the Krematorij is located. It is a smaller cemetery devoted to cremations.cite web
url = http://www.gradskagroblja.hr/Default.aspx?art=120&sec=29
title = Krematorij: O nama
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = Gradska groblja
language = Croatian
]

Sports

Šalata is known for ŠRC Šalata, the Sports and Recreational Center Šalata. ŠRC Šalata was built in the 1930s instead of expanding the existing Šalata hospital (KBC Šalata).cite web
url = http://www.jutarnji.hr/clanak/art-2007,7,17,arhitektura_zagreb,82569.jl
title = U Zagrebu umjesto Markove crkve - tržnica; u Preradovićevoj javno plivalište
date = 2007-07-17
last = Blašković
first = Boba
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = Jutarnji list
language = Croatian
] It contains large public swimming pools, tennis courts, basketball courts, and an outdoor soccer stadium that converts to an ice rink in the winter. The center attracts both amateur and professional tennis players with its one regular size and eight smaller tennis courts. Two of these courts are covered and two are lit during the evening.fact|date=August 2008 ŠRC Šalata is the home of Športsko društvo Medveščak, the association of 15 sport clubs based in ŠRC Šalata, most notable being ice hockey, basketball, swimming, handball, water polo and tennis clubs, all named Medveščak.cite web
url = http://www.tk-medvescak.hr
title = Teniski klub "Medveščak"
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = TK Medveščak
language = Croatian
] cite web
url = http://www.salata.hr/clanak.php?id=15
title = Športsko društvo Medveščak
accessdate = 2008-08-14
work = ŠRC Šalata
language = Croatian
] Aside from the pools and courts, the center is equipped with a gym, a fitness club and a bowling alley.

Famous inhabitants

Many influential and famous people live or have lived in Šalata. The older part of Šalata, near its center and on Grškovićeva Road, is the wealthier part, consisting of single family houses. Notable people who live there are Hamed Bangoura, the director of Midikenn fashion model recruitment agency, Savka Dabčević-Kučar, the first woman to be a Prime Minister of Croatia during Josip Broz Tito's reign,cite web
url = http://www.hsp1861.hr/vijesti1/011229sjp.htm
title = Sporna uloga dr. Savke Dabčević-Kučar
date = 2001-12-29
last = Paraga
first = Dobroslav
authorlink = Dobroslav Paraga
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = HSP
language = Croatian
] Gojko Šušak, the late Croatian Minister of Defense and others. Andrija Hebrang, the president of Croatian Democratic Union parliamentary group and former Health Minister, lives in an apartment in the newly developed Babonićeva Street. Alfi Kabiljo, a musician, lives on Mesićeva Street near the Šalata hospital.cite web
url = http://www.h-alter.org/tekst/kbc-salata-sustavno-truje-zagrepcane/5388
title = KBC Šalata sustavno truje Zagrepčane
date = 2007-05-14
last = Iličković
first = Mladen
accessdate = 2008-08-07
work = H-Alter
language = Croatian
] Other notable residents and former residents include Ivo Karlović, a tennis player, also known as "Div sa Šalate" ("Šalata Giant"),cite web
url = http://www.index.hr/sport/clanak/redir/396901.aspx
title = Karlović detronizirao kralja: Div sa Šalate pobijedio Rogera Federera
date = 2008-07-31
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Index.hr
language = Croatian
] cite web
url = http://www.jutarnji.hr/clanak/art-2008,7,31,,128536.jl
title = 'Div sa Šalate' pobijedio Federera
date = 2008-07-31
last = Poljak
first = Tomislav
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Jutarnji list
language = Croatian
] Boris Novković, a famous pop singer-songwriter, Vesna Pusić, the head of Croatian People's Party (HNS) and Marin Ivanović "Stoka", a rapper.cite journal
url = http://www.t-mobile.hr/pdf/puls/Puls-07-2005.pdf
title = Šetnja životinjskim svijetom prije velikih koncerata
date = June 2007
journal = Puls
issue = № 7
publisher = T-Mobile
language = Croatian
] Ivica Šerfezi, a late singer, lived in Voćarsko naselje, a small, but very densely inhabited part of Šalata located near Voćarska Road. Zoran Ferić, a writer and journalist, lived on Šalata since his childhood.cite journal
url = http://www.nacional.hr/articles/view/12105/
title = Ferić
date = 2003-07-16
last = Ferić
first = Zoran
accessdate = 2008-08-14
journal = Nacional
issue = № 400
language = Croatian
] In 2000 two residential villas on Grškovićeva Street were proposed to become the residences of President of Croatia and the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament. The proposal was later abandoned in favor of a location in Pantovčak.cite web
url = http://www.hsp1861.hr/vijesti2/020107bb.htm
title = Rezidencijalne vile sablasno prazne
date = 2002-01-07
accessdate = 2008-08-12
work = Slobodna Dalmacija
publisher = HSP
language = Croatian
]

Embassies

Due to its reputation as an upper-class neighborhood,cite web
url = http://www.vjesnik.com/Html/1998/12/13/Sport.htm
title = Canjuga: Dosta nam je Marića
date = 1998-12-13
last = Jurišić
first = Predrag
accessdate = 2008-09-18
work = Vjesnik
language = Croatian
quote = u elitnom zagrebačkom kvartu (Tuškanac, Šalata...)
] cite journal
url = http://www.nacional.hr/articles/view/10612/
title = Uklanjanje klinika na Šalati - Račanov izborni adut
date = 2003-06-10
last = Babić
first = Jasna
accessdate = 2008-09-18
issue = № 395
journal = Nacional
language = Croatian
] cite journal
url = http://www.globus.com.hr/Clanak.aspx?BrojID=134&ClanakID=3296
title = Financijski slom Đurđe Šušak
date = 2005-11-16
last = Orešić
first = Boris
accessdate = 2008-09-18
issue = № 780
journal = Globus
language = Croatian
] Šalata has been a prime location for embassies for a long time. The embassy of Yugoslavia used to be located in Šalata until Yugoslavia was divided into Serbia and Montenegro in 2006.cite web
url = http://www.nin.co.yu/2001-09/13/19719.html
title = Pranje rukavica
date = 2001-09-13
last = Stanivuković
first = Zoran
accessdate = 2008-08-13
work = НИН
language = Serbian
] The neighborhood also contains the Bosnia and Herzegovina embassy, located on Torbarova Street in the southern part of Šalata and the Australian and Malesian embassies. The Ukrainian embassy is located in the southeastern part on the Voćarska Road. The Slovenian embassy is located at the intersection of Alagovićeva Street and Riesznerova Street.cite web
url = http://zagreb.embassy.si/en
title = Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia Zagreb
accessdate = 2008-08-28
] It is the only embassy in Šalata under constant monitoring by security guards.fact|date=August 2008 The Bulgarian embassy on the Grškovićeva Street is the newest addition.

Neighboring communities

Geographic Location
Centre = Šalata
North = Mirogoj
Northeast = Bukovac
East = Maksimir
Southeast = Maksimir
South = Donji Grad
Southwest = Ribnjak
West = Kaptol, Medveščak
Northwest = Gupčeva Zvijezda

See also

* Mirogoj

References

External links

* [http://www.salata.hr ŠRC Šalata official website]
* [http://www.kbc-zagreb.hr KBC Zagreb]


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