- Airborne wind shear detection and alert system
The Airborne wind shear detection and alert system detects and alerts the pilot both visually and aurally of a
wind shearcondition. In case of reactive wind shear detection system, the detection takes place when the aircraft penetrates a wind shear condition of sufficient force, which can pose a hazard to the aircraft. In case of predictive wind shear detection system, the detection takes place, if such wind shear condition is ahead of the aircraft. In 1988 the U.S. Federal Aviation Administrationmandated that all commercial aircraft must have on-board windshear detection systems by 1993.
In the predictive wind shear detection mode, the weather radar processor of the aircraft detects the presence of the
microburst, a type of vertical wind shear condition by detecting the Dopplar frequency shift of the microwave pulses caused by the microburst ahead of the aircraft and displays the area where it is present in the Navigation Display Unit (of the Electronic Flight Instrument System) along with an aural warning.
History of development
July 24 1986, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of United States and NASA signed a memorandum of agreement to formally start of the Airborne Wind-Shear Detection and Avoidance Program (AWDAP). As a result, a wind-shear program was created in the Flight Systems Directorate of NASA's Langley Research Center. After five years of intensely studying various weather phenomena and sensor technologies, the researchers decided to validate their findings in actual flight conditions. They chose an extensively modified Boeing 737, which was equipped with a rear research cockpit in place of the forward section of the passenger cabin. [cite web|url=http://electronicdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?AD=1&ArticleID=8013|title=Making the Skies Safer, p.1|author=Roger Allan in Electronic Design, May 24, 2004] A modified Rockwell Collins model 708 X-band ground-based radar unit was used in the AWDAP experiments. The real-time radar processor system used during 1992 flight experiments was a VME bus-based system with a Motorola 68030 host processor and three DSP boards.
September 1 1994, the weather radar model RDR-4B of the Allied-Signal/Bendix (presently Honeywell) became the first predictive wind-shear system to be certified for commercial airline operation. In the same year, Continental Airlines became the first commercial carrier to install an airborne predictive wind-shear detection system on its aircraft. By June 1996, Rockwell Collins and Westinghouse's Defense and Electronics Group (presently Grumman/Martin) also came up with FAA-certified predictive wind-shear detection systems. [cite web|url=http://electronicdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?AD=1&ArticleID=8013&pg=2|title=Making the Skies Safer, p.2|author=Roger Allan in Electronic Design, May 24, 2004]
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