Consequentialist libertarianism

Consequentialist libertarianism

Consequentialist libertarianism refers to the view that liberty leads to favorable consequences such as prosperity, efficiency, or peace, and for that reason should be supported, advocated, and maximized.[1] It is contrasted with deontological libertarianism, also known as "natural rights libertarianism," or "libertarian moralism" which considers the initiation of force and fraud to be immoral, regardless of consequences.[2][3] Some libertarians may have a conception of libertarianism that is a hybrid of consequentialism and deontology.[1]

Unlike deontological libertarians, consequentialist libertarians do not necessarily see all cases of initiation of force as immoral and never see it as inherently immoral. Rather, their position is that political and economic liberty lead to the best consequences in the form of happiness and prosperity, and for that reason alone it should be supported. Unlike libertarian moralists, who limit their advocacy to that which does not constitute initiation of force, consequentialists advocate actions they believe maximize liberty regardless of whether these constitute initiation of force.[4][5]

Milton Friedman, David D. Friedman, Peter Leeson, Jeffrey Miron, Ludwig von Mises[6] and Friedrich Hayek[7][8][9] are consequentalist libertarians.

See also


  1. ^ a b Wolff, Jonathan. Libertarianism, Utility, and Economic Competition. Virginia Law Review. 
  2. ^ Bradford. R. W. 2008. The Two Libertarianisms. Liberty (1987). Liberty Foundation.
  3. ^ Zwolinski, Matt. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Retrieved 2008-08-23 
  4. ^ Charles Murray, David Friedman, David Boaz, and R.W. Bradford. What's Right vs. What Works. Liberty. January 2005, Volume 19, Number 1, Page 31. [1]
  5. ^ Barnett, Randy E., "The Moral Foundations of Modern Libertarianism." Varieties of Conservatism in America, Peter Berkowitz, ed., Hoover Press, 2004.
  7. ^ Hayek's Constitution of Liberty: Ethical Basis of the Juridical Framework of Individual Liberty - Leonard P. Liggio, Literature of Liberty, Winter 1982, vol. 5, No. 4 [1982]
  8. ^ Gray, John N. "F. A. Hayek and the Rebirth of Classical Liberalism" 1982
  9. ^ Alan O. Ebenstein. Friedrich Hayek: A Biography p. 383

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Libertarianism — This article is about the political philosophy. For Libertarian political parties, see Libertarian Party. For other uses, see Libertarianism (disambiguation). Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Controversies within libertarianism — Libertarianism is a political philosophy that emphasises the liberty of the individual and seeks to minimize or even abolish the state. [Professor Brian Martin, [ Eliminating state crime by… …   Wikipedia

  • Deontological libertarianism — Part of a series on Libertarianism …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of libertarianism — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to libertarianism. Libertarianism – political philosophy that holds individual liberty as the basic moral principle of society. It may also mean any political philosophy which… …   Wikipedia

  • Debates within libertarianism — Part of a series on Libertarianism …   Wikipedia

  • Christian libertarianism — Part of a series on Libertarianism …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of Libertarianism — Part of a series on Libertarianism …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of libertarianism — Adherents of different ideologies have criticized libertarianism for various reasons.There are broadly two types of libertarians: consequentialists and rights theorists. [Barry, Norman P. Review Article:The New Liberalism. B.J. Pol. S. 13, p. 93] …   Wikipedia

  • Milton Friedman — Chicago School of Economics Born July 31, 1912(1912 07 31) Brooklyn, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago school of economics — Part of the series on Chicago school of economics Movements Libertarianism Neoliberalism Neoconservatism …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.