Generality Lands


Generality Lands

The Generality Lands, Lands of the Generality or Common Lands (Dutch: Generaliteitslanden) were about one fifth of the territories of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, that were directly governed by the States-General. Unlike the seven provinces Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel, Friesland and Groningen, these territories had no States-Provincial and were not represented in the central government.

During the Eighty Years' War the Generality Lands came (or remained) under control of the Dutch republic, and this situation was consolidated by the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. Most of the territories had no provincial government because they were cut off from their original mainland, which remained under Spanish rule. The prefix Staats- indicates that this part of the province was under general States rule, as a dependent territory.

  • Guelders of the States (Staats-Oppergelre): as a result of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) a part of Spanish Guelders was ceded to the United Provinces, e.g. Venlo and Echt; another part came to Prussia and a small part around Roermond was left for the Austrian duchy of Guelders.
  • Westerwolde and Wedde: what is now the south-eastern part of the province of Groningen was a generality land between 1594 and 1619, after which it became part of said province.

After the French occupation of the Southern Netherlands and the proclamation of the Batavian Republic in 1795 the Generality Lands ceased to exist. Staats-Brabant became a département in the Batavian Republic (Bataafs-Brabant). Staats-Vlaanderen became part of the French département Escaut. Staats-Limburg and Staats-Oppergelre became parts of the Frenchs départements Roer, Meuse-Inférieure and Ourthe.

When French rule ended and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands began, none of the Generality lands returned. Bataafs-Brabant was merged with a number of formerly semi-independent Holy Roman fiefs and part of the province of Holland to become the province of Noord-Brabant; Staats-Vlaanderen was incorporated into the province of Zeeland; and most parts of Staats-Oppergelre and Staats-Limburg were merged with territories gained from Prussia to form the province of Limburg, with the rest going to Prussia.

Territories of the Dutch republic outside Europe were also under general States rule, for example Staten Island in present-day New York City. New Zealand was also originally called Staten Landt after its Dutch discovery.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • COUNCILS OF THE LANDS — COUNCILS OF THE LANDS, the central institutions of Jewish self government in Poland and Lithuania from the middle of the 16th century until 1764. The bodies in question were the Council of the Four Lands (Heb. וַעַד אַרְבַּע אֲךָצוֹת) or  … …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • First Stadtholderless Period — The First Stadtholderless Period or Era (1650 1672) (Dutch Eerste Stadhouderloze Tijdperk ) is the period in the history of the Dutch Republic in which it reached the zenith of its economic, military and political Golden Age. The term has… …   Wikipedia

  • Financial history of the Dutch Republic — describes the history of the interrelated development of financial institutions in the Dutch Republic. The rapid economic development of the country after the Dutch Revolt in the years 1585 1620, described in Economic History of the Netherlands… …   Wikipedia

  • William III of England — William III II William III by Sir Godfrey Kneller Prince of Orange Reign 4 November 1650 …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Republic — United Netherlands redirects here. For other uses, see United Netherlands (disambiguation). Republic of the Seven United Netherlands / Seven Provinces Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden / Zeven Provinciën Confederal Republic …   Wikipedia

  • Second Stadtholderless Period — The Second Stadtholderless Period or Era ( nl. Tweede Stadhouderloze Tijdperk) is the designation in Dutch historiography of the period between the death of stadtholder William III on March 19 [This is the date from the Gregorian calendar that… …   Wikipedia

  • Batavian Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = Bataafse Republiek conventional long name = Batavian Republic common name = Batavian Republic continent = Europe region = Low Countries country = Netherlands era = status = Client status text = Client of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Economic History of the Netherlands (1500 - 1815) — The Economic History of the Netherlands (1500 1815), is the history of an economy that some consider to be the first modern economy, continuously existing to this day. It covers the period from the time in which the geographic area currently… …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Revolt — Part of Thirty Years War Prince Maurice at the Battle of Nieuwpoort by Pauwels van Hillegaert. Oil on canvas …   Wikipedia

  • Provinces of the Netherlands — …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.