- Sugarloaf Mountain, Brazil
Name = Sugar Loaf
Photo = PaodeAcucar.jpg
Elevation = 1,299 ft
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Parent peak =
Easiest route =
Sugarloaf Mountain (in Portuguese, "Pão de Açúcar"), is a peak situated in
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from the mouth of Guanabara Bayon a peninsula that sticks out into the Atlantic Ocean. Rising convert|396|m|ft|0|lk=on above sea-level, its name is said to refer to its resemblance to the traditional shape of concentrated refined loaf sugar. However, it is believed by some that the name actually derives from "Pau-nh-acuqua" (“high hill”) in the Tupi-Guaranilanguage, as used by the indigenous Tamoios.The mountain is only one of several monolithic" morros" of graniteand quartzthat rise straight from the water's edge around Rio de Janeiro. A glass-paneled cable car (in popular Portuguese, "bondinho" - more properly called "teleférico"), capable of holding 75 passengers, runs along a 1400-metre route between the peaks of "Pão de Açúcar" and "Cara de Cão" every half hour. The original cable car line was built in 1912. So familiar is this peak, the mere sight of it in a film is sufficient to establish the setting as Rio de Janeiro.The cable car goes from the base, not the peak of the "Babilônia" mountain, to the "Urca" mountain and then to the "Pão de Açúcar" mountain.
Visitors can watch rock climbers on Sugarloaf and the other two mountains in the area: Morro da Babilônia (Babylon Mountain), and Morro da Urca (Urca's Mountain). Together, they form one of the largest urban climbing areas in the world, with more than 270 routes, between 1 and 10 pitched long. Some classic routes in Sugarloaf are:
* Italianos, 5.10a, 2 pitches. Beautiful and well protected face climbing. Can be connected to other routes, in a total of 6 pitches to the top.
* Stop Chimney, 5.6, 7 pitches. Classic runout but easy chimney.
* Lagartão, 5.11c, 7 pitches. First two pitches are traditional climbing, the rest is bolted.
* Ibis, 5.10d A1, 10 pitches. Runout and committed. Some parties climb it in two days, sleeping on one of the ledges in the first half of the route.
* [http://www.bondinho.com.br/ Official site] (in Portuguese, English and Spanish)
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