Richard H. Bayard


Richard H. Bayard

Infobox Officeholder
honorific-prefix =
name = Richard H. Bayard
honorific-suffix =


imagesize =
small

office = U.S. Senator from Delaware
term_start = January 12 1841
term_end = March 3 1845
predecessor = vacancy [this seat was vacant from September 19 1839 until January 11 1841.]
successor = John M. Clayton
office2 = Chief Justice of Delaware
term_start2 = September 19 1839
term_end2 = March 12 1841
predecessor2 = John M. Clayton
successor2 = James Booth, Jr.
office3 = U.S. Senator from Delaware
term_start3 = June 17 1836
term_end3 = September 19 1839
predecessor3 = Arnold Naudain
successor3 = vacancy [this seat was vacant from September 19 1839 until January 11 1841.]
birth_date = birth date|1796|9|26|mf=y
birth_place = Wilmington, Delaware
death_date = death date and age|1868|03|04|1796|09|26
death_place = Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
spouse =
party = Whig
residence = Wilmington, Delaware
alma_mater = Princeton College
occupation =
profession = lawyer
religion =

Richard Henry Bayard (September 26 1796 – March 4 1868) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Whig Party, who served as the first Mayor of Wilmington, Chief Justice of the Delaware Superior Court, and as U.S. Senator from Delaware.

Early life and family

Bayard was born September 26 1796 in Wilmington, Delaware, son of James A. Bayard, Sr., and Nancy Bassett Bayard. His father was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware and U.S. Senator from Delaware. His mother was the daughter of another U.S. Senator from Delaware Richard Bassett. His younger brother, James A. Bayard, Jr., was also a U.S. Senator from Delaware.

Political career

Bayard graduated from Princeton College in 1814, studied law and was admitted to the Bar in 1818. His practice was in Wilmington, where he became the first mayor of the newly incorporated city in 1832.

In 1836, Bayard was elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the United States Senate, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of U.S. Senator Arnold Naudain. He served from June 17 1836, to September 19 1839, when he resigned to become Chief Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court. He served in that capacity for two years, from 1839 to 1841, when he resigned, being once again elected to the United States Senate, this time as a Whig. The position had been vacant since his own resignation in 1839. This time he served from January 12 1841 until March 3 1845. While in the United States Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Private Land Claims in the 27th Congress, a member of the Committee on District of Columbia in the 27th Congress, and a member of the Committee on Naval Affairs in the 27 Congress and 28th Congress. He did not seek reelection in 1844, but later served as chargé d'affaires to Belgium from 1850 to 1853.

Death and legacy

Bayard died March 4 1868 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania and is buried in the Wilmington and Brandywine Cemetery, in Wilmington. He was the second of five Bayards to serve in the United States Senate.

References


*cite book |author=Hoffecker, Carol E. |title=Democracy in Delaware |publisher=Cedar Tree Books, Wilmington |year=2004 |id=ISBN 1-892142-23-6
*cite book |author=Martin, Roger A. |title=Delawareans in Congress: The House of Representatives |publisher=Roger A. Martin, Newark |year=2003 |id=0-924117-26-5
*cite book |author=Munroe, John A. |title=History of Delaware |publisher=University of Delaware Press |year=1993 |id=ISBN 0-87413-493-5

External links

*Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000251]
*Delaware’s Members of Congress [http://www.russpickett.com/history/sentbio.htm#bayard3]
*Find a Grave [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=]
*History of Delaware 1609-1888 [http://www.accessible.com/amcnty/DE/Delaware/titlepage.htm]
*The Political Graveyard [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7503341&pt=James%20Bayard]

Places with more information

*Historical Society of Delaware [http://www.hsd.org/] 505 Market St., Wilmington, Delaware (302) 655-7161
*University of Delaware Library [http://www.lib.udel.edu/] 181 South College Ave., Newark, Delaware (302) 831-2965



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