- Chogyal Namkhai Norbu
Chögyal Namkhai Norbu
Chögyal Namkhai Norbu
Religion Buddhism School Dzogchen Personal Nationality Tibetan Born December 8, 1938
Derge (Kham), Tibet
Senior posting Title Rinpoche, Chögyal Religious career Teacher Changchub Dorje Website http://www.dzogchen.it/
Part of a series on Tibetan Buddhism
History Timeline · Related-topics Schools Nyingma · Kagyu · Sakya · Gelug · Bön · Jonang Key concepts Three marks of existence · Skandha · Cosmology · Saṃsāra · Rebirth · Bodhisattva · Dharma · Dependent origination · Karma Major figures Gautama Buddha · Padmasambhava · Je Tsongkhapa · Dalai Lama · Panchen Lama · Lama · Karmapa Lama · Rinpoche · Geshe · Terton · Tulku Buddhahood · Avalokiteśvara · Four stages of enlightenment · Tantric yoga · Paramitas · Meditation · Laity Changzhug · Drepung · Dzogchen · Ganden · Jokhang · Kumbum · Labrang · Mindroling · Namgyal · Narthang · Nechung · Pabonka · Palcho · Ralung · Ramoche · Sakya · Sanga · Sera · Shalu · Tashilhunpo · Tsurphu · Yerpa Chotrul Duchen · Dajyur · Losar · Monlam · Sho Dun Texts Kangyur · Tengyur · Tibetan canon · Mahayana sutras · Nyingma Gyubum Sand mandala · Thangka · Ashtamangala · Tree of physiology
Chögyal Namkhai Norbu (Tibetan: ཆོས་རྒྱལ་ནམ་མཁའི་ནོར་བུ་) is a Dzogchen teacher who was born in Derge, Kham district (Eastern Tibet) on 8 December 1938. When he was two years old, Namkhai Norbu was recognized as the 'mindstream emanation', a tulku, of the great Dzogchen teacher, Adzom Drugpa (1842-1924), at five he was also recognized as a mindstream emanation of an emanation of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel (1594–1651). From an early age Namkhai Norbu undertook an accelerated course of study, attending monastic college, taking retreats, and studying with renowned teachers, including some of the most important Tibetan masters of his time. Under the tutelage of these teachers, he completed the training required by Buddhist tradition in both Sutrayana and Tantrayana. At the age of sixteen he met master Rigdzin Changchub Dorje (1826-1961/1978), who became his principal Dzogchen teacher.
In 1960 he came to Italy at the invitation of Professor Giuseppe Tucci, and served as Professor of Tibetan and Mongolian Language and Literature from 1964 to 1992 at the Naples Eastern University. Namkhai Norbu is widely recognized as a leading authority on Tibetan culture, particularly in the fields of history, literature, and Traditional Tibetan medicine and astrological sciences such as the Tibetan calendar. In 1983, he hosted the first International Convention on Tibetan Medicine, held in Venice, Italy.
In 1976 Chögyal Namkhai Norbu began to give Dzogchen instruction in the West, first in Italy, then in numerous other countries. He quickly became a respected spiritual authority among many practitioners, and has created centers for the study of Dzogchen around the world. 
Nomenclature, orthography and etymology
This section details the origins and meaning of the name Chögyal Namkhai Norbu (Tibetan: Chos-rGyal Nam-mkha’i Nor-bu).
Chögyal is a title most commonly associated with the monarchy of Sikkim, now a state in far-northern India. However, Chögyal (or Chos-rGyal) is a title also conferred upon a special class of temporal and spiritual rulers of the Kingdom of Bhutan, who were recognized mindstream emanations of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, the 17th Century Tibetan-born founder of Bhutan. Namkhai Norbu, recognized at the age of five as an emanation of Ngawang Namgyel, holds the title of Chögyal in this context.
Namkhai (Tibetan) holds the semantic field of "sky", "space" and "aether," and has the possessive case ending, thus it may be rendered into English as "...of the sky". Norbu (Tibetan) holds the semantic field of "jewel", "crystal", "gem", "cintamani". Therefore, Namkhai Norbu may be rendered in English as "Jewel of the Sky", "Gem of the Aether" or "Crystal of Space".
Recognition as a Tulku
Namkai Norbu is a recognized tulku (also trulku), a reincarnate master. At birth two of Norbu's uncles, the Dzogchen masters Palyul Karma Yangsid and Shechen Rabjam believed him to be the reincarnation of their master, Adzom Drugpa Rinpoche (1841–1934). When Norbu was two years old, this was confirmed by a senior tulku of the Nyingma school.
Then when he was five years old, the 16th Gyalwa Karmapa and the Situ Rinpoche together recognized Namkhai Norbu as the mind emanation of the mindstream of another well known teacher, who was in turn the emanation of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, the 17th Century Tibetan-born founder of Bhutan.
At a very young age, these recognitions conferred upon Namkhai Norbu a great deal of attention and prestige, as he himself remarks: "As I grew up, I was thus given quite a few names and titles, many of which are very long and grand sounding. But I have never used them, because I have always preferred the name my parents gave me at birth."
In his early years Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche studied at the Derge Gonchen monastery. At the age of nine he entered a Sakya College where he studied Buddhist philosophy for many years with Khyenrab Chökyi Odzer. He also received numerous tantric and Dzogchen transmissions and teachings from many masters, including his paternal uncle Togden Ugyen Tendzin (who achieved the rainbow body), maternal uncle Khyentse Rinpoche Chökyi Wangchug, Drubwang Rinpoche Kunga Palden, Negyab Rinpoche, Drugse Gyurmed Dorje, Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche and Bo Gongkar Rinpoche. In 1951, he also received Chöd teachings from Ayu Khandro Dorje Paldrön (1838–1953), a woman who spent over fifty years in dark retreat and was a disciple of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo.
Rinpoche was invited to China in 1953 as a representative of the Tibetan monasteries. After visiting Chengdu and Chungching, he accepted the invitation to teach Tibetan language in Menyag. During this time Rinpoche met Kangkar Rinpoche from whom he received instructions on the Six Yogas of Naropa and other teachings.
Rinpoche met his root teacher Rigdzin Changchub Dorje in 1955 and stayed at his residence in Khamdogar for six months. From Changchub Dorje he received the authentic transmission of Dzogchen and realized the essence of the 'Dharma' (subsuming both Wylie: 'chos' & 'bon') as one state of knowledge beyond all limitations. This realization has remained a characteristic feature of his way of teaching throughout his life.
In the late 1950s, Chögyal Namkhai Norbu made a pilgrimage to Tibet, India, and Nepal. While he was residing in Sikkim in 1959, the Chinese occupied Tibet, and as he was unable to return to his homeland to join his family, he remained in Sikkim working as an author and editor for the Government of Sikkim.
Recognized as extremely knowledgeable in all aspects of Tibetan culture at only the age of twenty-two, he was invited to Italy by the famous Professor Giuseppe Tucci to work at the ISMEO Institute in Rome for two years. In 1962 he took a post in Naples at the Istituto Universitario Orientale where he taught Tibetan language and literature until 1992. From the time of his residence in Italy, Chögyal Namkhai Norbu focused his research mainly on the ancient history of Tibet investigating thoroughly the autochthonous Bön tradition. His books, which include works on history, Tibetan medicine, astrology, Bön and folk traditions such as namkha, are evidence of his profound knowledge of Tibetan culture and his commitment to preserve this ancient cultural heritage. They have been highly appreciated by Tibetans as well as scholars throughout the world.
Teaching Dzogchen in the West
Trul khor: Yantra Yoga
In 1971 Chögyal Namkhai Norbu began to teach Yantra Yoga, an ancient form of Tibetan Yoga combining movement, breathing and visualization. A few years later he started to give Dzogchen teachings to a small group of Italian students with whom he founded the 'Dzogchen Community' (Wylie: rdzogs chen 'dus sde). At that time Dzogchen was relatively unknown in the West.
International Dzogchen Community
As interest in his teachings grew, Rinpoche dedicated himself to spreading Dzogchen and establishing 'gars' (Tibetan), seats of the International Dzogchen Community, throughout the world. Today there are gars in Italy, the United States, Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Australia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine. Apart from his spiritual activity, he founded the International Shang-Shung Institute to preserve the cultural traditions of Tibet, and ASIA, a non-profit organization operating in Tibet which is mainly dedicated to serving the educational and medical needs of the Tibetan people.
- Dzogchen and Zen (1984), Blue Dolphin Publishing. ISBN 0-931892-08-2
- The Crystal and the Way of Light: Sutra, Tantra and Dzogchen (1988). Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0140190848
- The Cycle of Day and Night: An Essential Tibetan Text on the Practice of Contemplation (1987). Station Hill Press. ISBN 0-88268-040-4
- Primordial Experience: An Introduction to Rdzogs-Chen Meditation (1987) (with Kennard Lipman). Shambhala Publications. ISBN 0-87773-372-4
- The Dzogchen Ritual Practices (1991). Kailash Editions. Restricted distribution.
- Yantra Yoga by Chögyal Namkhai Norbu, Trans. by Adriano Clemente. Snow Lion Publications.
- Dream Yoga and the Practice of Natural Light (1992). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-007-7
- Dzogchen - The Self-Perfected State (1996). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1559390573, ISBN 978-1559390576
- The Golden Letters (1996) (Foreword). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-050-6
- The Mirror: Advice on the Presence of Awareness (1996). Station Hill Press. ISBN 1886449104
- Self-Liberation: Through Seeing with Naked Awareness (2000) (Foreword). Station Hill Press. ISBN 0-88268-058-7
- The Supreme Source: The Fundamental Tantra of the Dzogchen Semde (1999) (with Adriano Clemente). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-120-0
- Dream Yoga and the Practice of Natural Light, Revised (2002). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-161-8
- Drung, Deu and Bön (2002). Paljor Publications. ISBN 81-85102-93-7
- Journey Among the Tibetan Nomads (2002). Paljor Publications. ISBN 81-86470-10-7
- Dzogchen Teachings (2006). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-243-6
- Yantra Yoga. The Tibetan Yoga of Movement (2008). Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-308-4
- ^ All sources give 1826 as year of birth; some sources give 1961 and others 1978 as year of death
- ^ Norbu, Namkhai (1980, 1982) The Necklace of Gzi, A Cultural History of Tibet (Information Office of HH the Dalai Lama, Dharamsala).
- ^ Dzogchen Romania. A brief biography of Chögyal Namkhai Norbu Online:  (accessed: May 14, 2008)
- ^ Tsegyalgar East. Chögyal Namkhai Norbu (Biographical Sketch). Online:  (accessed: May 14, 2008)
- ^ Capriles, Elías (2003). Buddhism and Dzogchen: The Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism - Part One Buddhism: A Dzogchen Outlook. University of the Andes: Mérida, Venezuela. Source:  (accessed: January 14, 2008) p.5
- ^ a b c d Norbu, Namkhai (2000). The Crystal and the Way of Light: Sutra, Tantra, Dzogchen. (Snow Lion Publications) pg.19-20 & Notes.
- ^ Mindstream emanations may be either body, voice, mind, qualities or activities emanations; refer: Three vajra.
- ^ 
- Dzogchen Community in Italy - Merigar, The International Dzogchen Community
- Tsegyalgar.org - Dzogchen Communities of North America - Worldwide portal
- Dzogchen Community Of New York - Biography of Chögyal Namkhai Norbu
- The Mirror: Advice on the Presence of Awareness - Essay by Namkhai Norbu on the essential aspects of Dzogchen practice
- Snow Lion Publications: Chögyal Namkhai Norbu - Teaching Schedule & Select Publications
- Dzogchen Community of Peru - Dzogchen Community of Peru
- Tashigar South / Argentina - Summer Continental Gar for South America
- Namgyalgar - Dzogchen Community of Australia and Asia Pacific
- Dzogchen Community in New Zealand
- Dzogchen Community in Volgograd
- Dzogchen Community in Moscow
- Dzogchen Community in Russia
- Yantra Yoga Official WebSite
- Yantra Yoga In Italy
Modern Dharma / Dhamma writers (1875 to date) Buddhist
Rahul Sankrityayan · B. R. Ambedkar · S. N. Goenka · Stephen Batchelor · Lokesh Chandra · Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche · Pema Chödrön · Edward Conze · Lama Surya Das · Alexandra David-Néel · Henepola Gunaratana · Kelsang Gyatso · Dalai Lama · Thrangu Rinpoche · Walpola Rahula · C. A. F. Rhys Davids · T. W. Rhys Davids · Seongcheol · Sogyal Rinpoche · Chogyal Namkhai Norbu · Robert Thurman · Richard Gombrich · Chah Subhatto · Nanavira Thera · Thanissaro Bhikkhu · Bhikkhu Bodhi · Nyanaponika Thera · Jack Kornfield · Gil Fronsdal · Seung Sahn · Kitaro Nishida · Khyentse Norbu · D. T. Suzuki · Paul Reps · Scott Shaw · Thich Nhat Hanh · Yin Shun · Hsuan Hua · Hsing Yun · Nan Huai-Chin · Philip Kapleau · Shunryu Suzuki · Taizan Maezumi · Han Yong-un · Ole Nydahl · Matthieu Ricard · Lama Anagarika Govinda · Daisaku Ikeda · Shohaku Okumura · Dainin Katagiri · Reb Anderson
Hindu Jain Sikh Syncretic, etc.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chögyal Namkhai Norbu — Rinpoche (tib.: chos rgyal nam mkha i nor bu; * 8. Dezember 1938 im Dorf dGe ug in Derge, Kham) ist einer der bekanntesten lebenden Dzogchen Meister. Im Alter von zwei Jahren erkannten ihn Palyul Karma Yangsid und Shechen Rabjam als Reinkarnation … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chogyal Namkhai Norbu — escritor y maestro de Dzogchen Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español
Namkhai Norbu — Rinpoché, 2006 Chögyal Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche (tib.: chos rgyal nam mkha i nor bu rin po che; * 8. Dezember 1938 im Dorf dGe ug in Dege, Kham) ist ein tibetischer Autor, Historiker und Dzogchen Meister. Im Alter von zwei Jahren erkannten ihn… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Namkhai Norbu Rinpoché — Demande de traduction Chogyal Namkhai Norbu → … Wikipédia en Français
Norbu — (Tibetan: ནོར་བུ་, Wylie: Norbu; Chinese: 诺布; pinyin: Nuòbù) is a family name of Tibetan origin, meaning jewel . It may refer to: Khyentse Norbu, a lama from Bhutan Norbulingka, a palace in Lhasa Chogyal Namkhai Norbu, a Dzogchen teacher… … Wikipedia
Chogyal — of Sikkim Former Monarchy Seal of Sikkim … Wikipedia
Dzogchen — This article is about the primordial state in Tibetan Buddhism and Bön. For the monastery, see Dzogchen Monastery. Dzogchen Tibetan name Tibetan: རྫོགས་ཆེན་ Wylie transliteration: rdzogs chen (rdzogs pa chen po) … Wikipedia
Tashigar Sur — Tipo ONG Objetivos Difusión de las Enseñanzas Dzogchen … Wikipedia Español
Dzogchen — (tib.: rdzogs pa chen po; kurz: rdzogs chen) „Die Große Vollkommenheit“, auch Atiyoga oder Mahasandhi genannt, bezeichnet Lehren, die traditionell in der Nyingma Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus und im tibetischen Bön als Essenz der Lehren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
My Reincarnation — Título My Reincarnation Ficha técnica Dirección Jennifer Fox Producción Jennifer Fox, Babeth M. Vanloo, Carl Ludwig Rettinger, Andres Pfaeffli, Elda Guidinetti, Marta Donzelli, Gregori … Wikipedia Español