- Lower Merion Township, Pennsylvania
name = Lower Merion Township
category = Township
country = United States
state = Pennsylvania
region = Montgomery
region_type = County
area_imperial = 23.9
area_land_imperial = 23.7
area_water_imperial = 0.2
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
area_round = 1
lat_d = 39
lat_m = 59
lat_s = 00
lat_NS = N
long_d = 75
long_m = 15
long_s = 59
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial = 200
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 59850
population_density_imperial = 2526.1
population_density_round = 1
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_code = 610
map_caption = Location of Lower Merion Township in Montgomery County
map1 = Pennsylvania Locator Map.png
map1_caption = Location of Lower Merion Township in Pennsylvania
map1_locator = Pennsylvania
map2 = Map of USA PA.svg
map2_caption = Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
website = http://www.lowermerion.org
Lower Merion Township is a township in Montgomery County,
Pennsylvaniaand part of the Pennsylvania Main Line. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 59,850, thereby ranking ninth in Pennsylvaniamunicipalities by population. Lower Merion has the 5th highest per-capita income and the 12th highest median household income in the country with a population of 50,000 or more.
Lower Merion Township was first settled in 1682 by Welsh Quakers who were granted a tract of land (the
Welsh Tract) by William Penn. In 1713, Lower Merion was established as an independent Township with about 52 landholders and tenants. In 1900, the Township was incorporated as a Township of the First Class. Lower Merion is home to the oldest continuously used place of worship in the United States, the Merion Friends Meeting House, used continuously since 1695.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 23.9 square miles (61.8 km²), of which, 23.7 square miles (61.4 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.67%) is water.
The Township is bounded by the City of
Philadelphia, the Boroughs of Conshohocken and West Conshohocken, and the Townships of Upper Merion and Whitemarsh in Montgomery County and by the Townships of Haverford and Radnor in Delaware County. The Borough of Narberth, although a separate political entity of one-half square mile, is completely surrounded by the Township.
Forming the Township's eastern border is City (Line) Avenue (U.S. Route 1) separating it from the City of Philadelphia. Along City Ave, starting with the Schuylkill Expressway and continuing on to Lord & Taylor at Belmont Avenue in Bala Cynwyd, is what is known as the "Golden Mile"Fact|date=November 2007 which also includes the radio and television studios of WCAU, the Exxon Building, the Fox Building and the Germantown Savings Bank Building. In back of these buildings are the One-Ninety-One Condominiums and the Bala Cynwyd Plazas.
The Township's northern border is along the
Schuylkill Riverwhich is paralleled by the Schuylkill Expressway(I-76), a limited access roadway that connects to Philadelphiaand the Valley Forge Interchange of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. The famed Mid-County Interchangeis located just outside the Township.
Before European settlement, Lower Merion's dense forest was home to bears, cougars, wolves, rattlesnakes, otters, beavers, weasels, turkeys, grouses, woodland bison, trout, and bald eagles. When Europeans arrived, they began cutting down the forests, chasing away much of the wildlife. After World War Two, Lower Merion transformed from a farming township to a suburban one, and wildlife changed accordingly. Today, red foxes, white-footed mice, horned owls, skunks, raccoons, crayfish, songbirds, butterflies, and white-tailed deer populate the township. [Jones, Dick, ed. The First 300: the amazing and rich history of Lower Merion. Ardmore, PA: The Lower Merion Historical Society, 2000.]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 59,850 people, 22,868 households, and 15,024 families residing in the township. The population densitywas 2,526.1 people per square mile (975.4/km²). There were 23,699 housing units at an average density of 1,000.3/sq mi (386.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 90.30% White, 4.50% African American, 0.08% Native American, 3.42% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.
There were 22,868 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64 and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $86,373 and the median income for a family was $115,694. Males had a median income of $77,692 versus $43,793 for females. The
per capita incomefor the township was $55,526. About 1.9% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
Lower Merion Township is the heart of the affluent
Pennsylvania Main Lineseries of suburban communities, named after the "Main Line" railroadthat runs through the township. Now known as the SEPTA R5 regional rail train, the rail line has station stops in Lower Merion in the following communities within the township:
Primary and secondary schools
Pupils living in the Lower Merion Township attend schools in the
Lower Merion School Districtunless they go to a private school. The educational roots of the township stretch back to the Lower Merion Academy, one of the first public schools in the country.
There are six elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools. Students are split between the schools depending on location of residence.
Kobe Bryantattended Lower Merion High School. He led the Aces to the state championship in 1996.Producer Marshall Herskovitzwas also once a student at Lower Merion High School. Ronald Reagan's first secretary of state, Alexander Haig, graduated from Lower Merion High School, as did Robert Fagles. Lawrence Summers, the former president of Harvard University and the 71st Secretary of the Treasury, graduated from Harriton High School.
Rosemont School of the Holy Child, located in Rosemont and in Lower Merion Township, is affiliated with but not governed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. The school is adjacent to Rosemont College.
Other Private Schools in the area include: The Shipley School, The Baldwin School, The Haverford School, The Agnes Irwin School, The Friends Central School, The William Penn Charter School, The Episcopal Academy (which relocated to Newtown Square in Fall 2009) and many other schools outside the area.
Colleges and universities
Bryn Mawr College, Harcum College, Rosemont College, and Saint Charles Borremeo Seminaryare located in Lower Merion Township. The campus of Saint Joseph's Universitystraddles the city line between Lower Merion and Philadelphia while Haverford Collegestraddles the lines between Lower Merion and Haverford Townships.
M. Night Shyamalan
Librarian of Congress James Hadley Billington
Harvardpresident Lawrence Summers
* newspaper tycoon/philanthropist
* [http://www.lowermerion.org/ Lower Merion Township]
* [http://www.lowermerionhistory.org/ Lower Merion Historical Society]
* [http://www.lmsd.org/ Lower Merion School District]
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