- Abolitionism (animal rights)
Abolitionism within the
animal rights movementis a movement that seeks to abolish animal exploitation. The abolitionists' objective is to secure a legal and moral paradigm shift, whereby animals are no longer regarded as property to be used or exploited. Nothing about abolitionism implies that certain tactics are to be favored. However, a vocal contingent of abolitionists prefer nonviolent vegan advocacy.
Abolitionism Versus Welfarism
Though not strictly a part of the definition of abolitionism, abolitionists often promote the idea that the legal ownership of animals must be abolished "before" animal suffering can be substantially reduced. This abolitionist position claims that focusing on
animal welfarenot only fails to challenge animal suffering, but may actually prolong it by making the exercise of property rights over animals appear more attractive.
The most prominent of the abolitionist writers is
Gary Francione, professor of law and philosophy at Rutgers School of Law-Newark. He refers to animal rightsgroups who seek to change the way animals are valued by pursuing welfare concerns, such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, as the "new welfarists," arguing that their intervention risks making the public feel more comfortable about its use of animals. [Francione, Gary. "Rain Without thunder: the Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement", 1996.] Francione's position is that there is, in fact, no animal rights movement in the United States.Hall, Lee. [http://www.friendsofanimals.org/programs/animal-rights/interview-with-gary-francione.html "An Interview with Professor Gary L. Francione"] , Friends of Animals, accessed February 25, 2008.]
Other notable abolitionists include Bob and
Jenna Torres, who broadcast their abolitionist views in their podcast, Vegan Freak Radio, and in their two books.
Though many in the animal rights movement seek to abolish the exploitation of animals and/or the property status of animals, they may not call themselves Abolitionists, partly because the term "abolition" has become synonymous with "divisive." Some consider vocal abolitionists, such as Gary Francione, who are critical of animal welfare reforms to be more divisive than productive. For example, Nathan Nobis wrote, "My sense is that the disagreements between Francione and others are not as deep or 'philosophical' as I suspect he thinks they are: for a large part, they are empirical disputes about the efficacy of campaign tactics. He is often divisive when there is no disagreement [...] His recognizing this would only improve his relations with and influence on other animal advocates."Nobis, Nathan [http://mail.rochester.edu/~nobs/francione.html "should animal rights advocates not work for reforms of the animal exploitation industries?"] , Friends of Animals, accessed September 23, 2008.]
Steven M. Wise
* [http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/ "Animal Rights: The Abolitionist Approach"] , Gary Francione's website.
*Francione, Gary. "Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog?", 2000.
*Francione, Gary. "Rain Without thunder: the Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement", 1996.
*Francione, Gary. "Animals, Property, and the Law", 1995.
*Torres, Bob. "Making a Killing: the Political Economy of Animal Rights", 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Animal rights — advocates propose that animals be viewed as persons, not property. Description Animals are members of the moral community … Wikipedia
Animal Rights Militia — The Animal Rights Militia (ARM) is a name used by animal rights activists that are willing to engage in direct action that might endanger human life. TOC PhilosophyNo guidelinesUnlike other militant animal rights activists that advocate violence … Wikipedia
Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition — The Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition, or MARC, is a nonprofit volunteer run animal rights organization based in Massachusetts. MARC is the largest and most active animal rights group in Massachusetts and operates as a tax exempt 501(c)(3)… … Wikipedia
Justice Department (animal rights) — The Justice Department was founded in the United Kingdom in 1993 by animal rights activists who declared they were willing to use violence against their opponents. The name has also been used in the United States and has claimed responsibility… … Wikipedia
Abolitionism (disambiguation) — *Abolitionism, the movement to end human slavery. *Abolitionism (animal rights), the movement to end the property status of animals. *Abolitionism (bioethics), the use of biotechnology to eliminate involuntary sentient suffering.ee also*Abolition … Wikipedia
Animal liberation (disambiguation) — Animal liberation may refer to:*Abolitionism (animal rights) *Animal Liberation (book) *Animal Liberation Front *Animal liberation movement *Animal rights … Wikipedia
Animal protectionism — is a position within the animal rights movement that favors incremental change in pursuit of non human animal interests. It is contrasted with abolitionism, the position that human beings have no moral right to use animals, and ought to have no… … Wikipedia
Animal testing — A white Wistar lab rat Description Around 50–100 million vertebrate animals are used in experiments annually. Subjects Animal testing, scien … Wikipedia
Animal Liberation Leagues — were a network of animal rights organizations active in the UK in the 1980s. Whereas the Animal Liberation Front specialized in clandestine activity, mainly masked, at night, and involving small numbers of people, the Animal Liberation Leagues… … Wikipedia
Animal Aid — logo Animal Aid, founded in 1977, is a British animal rights organisation. The group campaigns peacefully against all forms of animal abuse and promotes a cruelty free lifestyle. It also investigates and exposes animal cruelty. Animal Aid… … Wikipedia