- Greek investments in the Republic of Macedonia
F.U.ROM generally has good relations with
Greeceand enjoys substantial inward investment from Greece. However, the naming dispute has inhibited the establishment of full diplomatic relations so far but has not prevented Greeceand FU.R.OM from engaging in military and security co-operation, cross-border investments, and cultural exchanges. However, this was all before th whole name problem and the veto of Greece for the joining of F.U.ROM to NATO and the EU. [ [http://ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/news/content.asp?aid=84699 Greek firms thriving abroad] ]
Since the end of the Greek embargo, which lasted between February
1994and September 1995, Greecehas become the most important business partner of F.U.ROM. Greeceis the most important investor in the country (57% of the total foreign investments) and the trade has been constantly increasing. [For the official position of Greece on its trade relations with the (former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia, see [http://www2.mfa.gr/www.mfa.gr/en-US/Policy/Geographic+Regions/South-Eastern+Europe/Balkans/Bilateral+Relations/FYROM/FYROM.htm] .]
The acquisitions of Stopanska Bank by the
National Bank of Greece, the OKTArefinery by Hellenic Petroleum, and the mobile operator Cosmofonby the Greek Cosmote Group are some of the largest Greek business undertakings in the Republic Macedoniaso far. [http://www.birn.eu.com/en/106/15/5139/ Birn Article on Greek investments] ]
According to an inverview by then
Finance Minister Nikola GruevskiGreek investment took off after other Western investors were scared off by the 1999 Kosovocrisis:
1999 Kosovo crisis, Western investorsand trading partners escaped. Greek investors, who know this region better, came in and picked up enterprises at bargain basement prices. I hope investors from other countries learned the lesson. Since the current crisis started, we have sold our biggest bakery – Zhito Lux – and our biggest fairgrounds – Skopski Saem – to Greek and Slovenian investors. The new owners of Macedonia's largest bank, Stopanska Banka, ( National Bank of Greece) are planning to increase the capital. [ [http://samvak.tripod.com/nm095.html Gruevski interview] ]
Additionally by 1999 Greek exports to FUROM had reached the $1.32-billion mark. [ [http://greekembassy.org/Embassy/content/en/Article.aspx?office=3&folder=319&article=7901 Fourth consecutive exhibition of Greek firms in Skopje] ]
2006 European Commissionreport states that, "In December 2005the two countries opened an Office for Consular, Economic and Trade Relations in Bitolaand a Consulate in Thessalonikirespectively. Co-operation has developed in many areas, including transport, health, security, culture and customs. However, there has been no progress on the name issue which remains an open problem. Renewed efforts are needed, with a constructive approach, to find a negotiated and mutually acceptable solution on the name issue with Greece, under the auspices of the UN, within the framework of UN Security CouncilResolutions (EEC) No 817/93 and (EEC) No 845/93, thereby contributing to regional co-operation and good neighbourly relations." [ EU, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2006 progress report [http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2006/Nov/fyrom_sec_1387_en.pdf] ]
The total value of Greek investment in the FUROM] in the last three years has declined. In the first half of
2007it reached $6 million, less than the corresponding amounts in previous years. Greek investment had peaked in 2004 at over $30 million a year.. Nonetheless according to newspaper "Eleutheros Typos" by the start of 2007about 263 million USD had been invested by Greeks. Of the 20 most sizable investments in the country 17 are financed with Greek capital and over 20,000 (about 6% of the workforce) are employed in Greek-owned enterprises. At the time 28% of Greek investments were in banking, 25% in the energy sector, 17% in telecommunications, 15% in [industry] and 10% in food. [ [http://samvak.tripod.com/pp102.html Greeks bearing gifts] ]
Active Greek companies
Cosmofon- Part of CosmoteGroup
Alpha Bank Skopje- subsidiary of the Greek bank, Alpha Bank.
*Germanos - subsidiary of the Germanos group.
OKTAoil refinery - part of Hellenic Petroleum.
Stopanska Banka- National Bank of Greeceholds a majority stake of the company.
*Delta S.A. Dairy company.
*Titan Cement - Cement producing company from
*KAPNIKI MICHAILIDIS S.A - Tobacco industry.
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