- Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party
The Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party ("Független Kisgazda, Földmunkás és Polgári Párt") is a
political partyin Hungary. At Hungary's most recent legislative elections (2006), the party won no seats.
Founded in 1908, the original party won an overwhelming majority in the first elections after the
Second World War, resulting in its leader, Zoltán Tildy, becoming prime minister. The Smallholders-dominated parliament established a republic in 1946with Tildy as president. He was succeeded as prime minister by Ferenc Nagy. However, the Soviet occupation of the country, the Hungarian Communist Party's "salami tactic" to break up opponent parties and widespread election fraud in 1947led to a communist government.
In 1947 the Communist Party carried out a coup d’état against the rule of the Smallholders’ Party. Though not all democratic institutions were abolished, the Communists firmly held power. The prominent smallholders politicians were either arrested or forced to leave the country.
Lajos Dinnyésof the Smallholders remained prime minister after the 1947 elections, but his government was controlled by the communists. Two years later the party was absorbed into a People’s Independent Front, led by the communist Hungarian Workers' Party. After the latter prevailed in that year's elections, a communist people's republicwas established. The Smallholders party was dissolved.
Party leaders (1945-1949; 1988–)
* [http://fkgp.hu/ Official web site]
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