- Sword of Saint Peter
The sword is wide-tipped, similar in shape to a
dussackor machete. It currently resides in the PoznańArchdiocesan Museum.
An exact copy of the sword, made by Bogdan Puchalski, is displayed on the wall of the Poznań Archcathedral Basilica.
The sword is mentioned for the first time in the 1609 "Vitae Episcoporum Posnaniensium" of
Jan Długoszas being the original Roman sword used by Saint Peterin the Gospels, or a direct copy made for Pope Stephen VII. However, at this time Stephen was already dead, and the current pope was John XIII.
The sword arrived in
Poznańin 968 as a gift from John XIII for either Bishop Jordan or Duke Mieszko I. The Archdeaconof Poznań Cathedral in 1699 writes about the sword, describing it as a part of St. Peter's sword brought to Poznań by Bishop Jordan, where it is usually kept in the cathedral treasury, except for the few times a year when it is shown to the people. The 1721 Decreeof Poznań Cathedral Chapter refers to having the sword moved to the chapter houseas a more proper placement for this noble artifact.
For many years, historians treated the sword as a copy, probably made in the 10th century, but research by scientists from the
Polish Army Museumin Warsawsuggests that the weapon could have been made in the 1st century in the eastern borderlands of the Roman Empire. [cite web |url=http://poznan.naszemiasto.pl/wydarzenia/540640.html |title=Piotrowy miecz w folii |date=2005-11-25 |accessdate=2008-03-24 |publisher=Poznań, Polandpl icon]
However, scientists from the Greater Poland Army Museum in Poznań strongly consider it to be a medieval copy. Other experts, like Marian Głosek and Leszek Kajzer, suggest that the sword was made in the first quarter of the 14th century.
Regardless of when the sword was made, it has the longest documented history in
Poland, along with the " Szczerbiec".
*The blade was made from a single piece of
ironwith an added small cross-guard
*Total length: convert|70.2|cm|in|1|sing=on, it was probably convert|1|cm|in|1|sing=on or convert|2|cm|in|1|sing=on longer, but the tip of the sword was destroyed by
*Maximal width, at the tip: convert|9.4|cm|in|1|sing=on
*There is a hole convert|10.3|cm|in|1|sing=on from the end of the hilt, which is convert|0.4|cm|in|1|sing=on in diameter
*cite book | last = Rola | first = Zygmunt | title = Tajemnice Ostrowa Tumskiego | publisher = Zysk i S-ka | date = 2000 | location = Kraków | isbn = 9788371508356pl icon
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