Sword of Saint Peter


Sword of Saint Peter

The Sword of Saint Peter ( _pl. Miecz świętego Piotra) is allegedly the sword with which the Apostle Peter cut off the ear of the high priest's servant at the time of Jesus' arrest in Gethsemane.

The sword is wide-tipped, similar in shape to a dussack or machete. It currently resides in the Poznań Archdiocesan Museum.

An exact copy of the sword, made by Bogdan Puchalski, is displayed on the wall of the Poznań Archcathedral Basilica.

History

The sword is mentioned for the first time in the 1609 "Vitae Episcoporum Posnaniensium" of Jan Długosz as being the original Roman sword used by Saint Peter in the Gospels, or a direct copy made for Pope Stephen VII. However, at this time Stephen was already dead, and the current pope was John XIII.

The sword arrived in Poznań in 968 as a gift from John XIII for either Bishop Jordan or Duke Mieszko I. The Archdeacon of Poznań Cathedral in 1699 writes about the sword, describing it as a part of St. Peter's sword brought to Poznań by Bishop Jordan, where it is usually kept in the cathedral treasury, except for the few times a year when it is shown to the people. The 1721 Decree of Poznań Cathedral Chapter refers to having the sword moved to the chapter house as a more proper placement for this noble artifact.

Authenticity

For many years, historians treated the sword as a copy, probably made in the 10th century, but research by scientists from the Polish Army Museum in Warsaw suggests that the weapon could have been made in the 1st century in the eastern borderlands of the Roman Empire. [cite web |url=http://poznan.naszemiasto.pl/wydarzenia/540640.html |title=Piotrowy miecz w folii |date=2005-11-25 |accessdate=2008-03-24 |publisher=Poznań, Polandpl icon]

However, scientists from the Greater Poland Army Museum in Poznań strongly consider it to be a medieval copy. Other experts, like Marian Głosek and Leszek Kajzer, suggest that the sword was made in the first quarter of the 14th century.

Regardless of when the sword was made, it has the longest documented history in Poland, along with the "Szczerbiec".

Description

*The blade was made from a single piece of iron with an added small cross-guard
*Total length: convert|70.2|cm|in|1|sing=on, it was probably convert|1|cm|in|1|sing=on or convert|2|cm|in|1|sing=on longer, but the tip of the sword was destroyed by corrosion
*Maximal width, at the tip: convert|9.4|cm|in|1|sing=on
*There is a hole convert|10.3|cm|in|1|sing=on from the end of the hilt, which is convert|0.4|cm|in|1|sing=on in diameter

References

*cite book | last = Rola | first = Zygmunt | title = Tajemnice Ostrowa Tumskiego | publisher = Zysk i S-ka | date = 2000 | location = Kraków | isbn = 9788371508356pl icon


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint Peter — For other uses, see St. Peter (disambiguation). Saint Peter the Apostle Painting of Saint Peter by Peter Paul Rubens depicting the saint as Pope (1611 1612). Prince of the Apostles, First Pope, Martyr, Preacher …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Petrelli — Heroes character box name = Peter Petrelli caption = Milo Ventimiglia as Peter Petrelli actor = Milo Ventimiglia debut = Genesis power(s) = Power mimicry See details belowPeter Petrelli, portrayed by Milo Ventimiglia, is a fictional character on… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter of Verona — Infobox Saint name=Saint Peter of Verona birth date=1205 death date=April 6, 1252 feast day=April 29 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=200px caption= Saint Peter the Martyr by Pedro de Berruguet birth place=Verona, Italy death place=on …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Pevensie — Infobox Narnia character caption = William Moseley as Peter Pevensie in the 2005 film, . name=Peter Pevensie race=Human nation=England gender=Male title=High King of Narnia birthplace=Finchley, England, Earth spouse= parents=Mr. Mrs. Pevensie… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Patrick's Battalion — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Saint Patrick s Battalion caption=Reproduction of the Batallón de San Patricio s flag, as described by John Riley dates= 1846 1848 country=Mexico allegiance= branch=Mexican Army type= Artillery/Infantry size= est …   Wikipedia

  • Sword Beach — bezeichnete während der Landung der Alliierten im Zweiten Weltkrieg einen französischen Küstenabschnitt in der Normandie zwischen Ouistreham an der Ornemündung und Saint Aubin sur Mer. Die Landezone war ca. 8 Kilometer lang und wurde in 4… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter I of Cyprus — or Pierre I de Lusignan (Nicosia, October 9, 1328 ndash; Palace of La Cava, Nicosia, January 17, 1369) was King of Cyprus, Latin King of Armenia from 1361 or 1368 and Titular King of Jerusalem from his father s abdication on November 24, 1358… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Guinness — ist ein britischer Schauspieler. Leben Guinness hatte sein Schauspieldebüt 1979 in der Fernsehserie Hazell. Er spielte daraufhin einige kleinere Rollen in Fernsehproduktionen, darunter in der auf dem Roman von John le Carré basierenden Serie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter and Wendy —   …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Canute's Cathedral — (Danish: Odense Domkirke or Sct. Knuds Kirke) is named after the Danish king Canute the Saint (Danish: Knud den Hellige). It a fine example of brick Gothic architecture. The church s most visited section is the crypt where the remains of King… …   Wikipedia