- Pipe Rolls
The Pipe Rolls are a series of financial records from
England, beginning in 1130and lasting, mostly complete, until 1833. They were used by the Exchequer(treasury) and recorded such things as audits of kings' incomes and expenses. They are named after the "pipe" shape formed by a rolled up piece of parchmenton which records were originally kept. The Exchequer and Pipe Rolls were a great innovation in government; nothing else like it existed in Europe.
Pipe Rolls provide invaluable records for historians for everything from the composition of a hunting party, the contents of a king's kitchen to the tracking of historical figures.
The Pipe Roll Society [http://www.piperollsociety.co.uk] , founded by the
Public Record Officein 1883, has published the Pipe Rolls up to the year 1222. They were written in Latinuntil 1733. The society's website can be accessed at the link above 
* [http://www.catalogue.nationalarchives.gov.uk/RdLeaflet.asp?sLeafletID=186 Pipe Rolls at the National Archives]
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