M85 machine gun


M85 machine gun

Infobox Weapon|is_ranged=yes


caption=M85 machine gun
name= Machine Gun, Cal .50, Fixed, M85
type= Heavy machine gun
origin=flagcountry|United States
design_date=
production_date=
service=
used_by= U.S., NATO
wars= Gulf War
spec_type= Copula Machine gun
cartridge=.50 BMG
part_length=
feed= Belt Feed, left or right hand
action= Recoil-operated
rate= Ground: 400-500 round/min
Air: 1000-1100 round/min
velocity=2,800 fps
weight= 65 lb (29.5 kg)
length= 54.5 in (1,384.3 mm)
variants= See Variants Section
number=
range= 2,187 yd (2,000 m)
max_range= 7,330 yd (6,703 m)
The M85 is a Heavy machine gun that was used primarily weapon for turreted applications in Armoured fighting vehicles. Designed for anti-aircraft and anti-personnel use, the weapon was found to be extremely complicated. It was used on the M60 Patton series of tanks and the LVTP-7.

Design and development

Intended as a smaller, lighter, more capable replacement for the venerable M2 Browning machine gun, the M85 was produced by General Electric. The weapon was developed with selectable high and low rates of fire for engagement of both ground and air targets, a feature lacking in the older M2.

The M85 was the standard heavy tank machine gun for the M60 series, and was also used on the LVTP-7 amphibious vehicle. It is an air-cooled, recoil operated machine gun, had a short receiver and quick change barrel, and could be configured for left or right hand feeding. The M85 was significantly lighter than the M2, and significantly smaller, a prime consideration for its intended role inside the cramped interiors of armored vehicles. Firing and charging are achieved by pull on one of two color coded pull chains (black for charging and red for firing), or by means of a solenoid.

In service the M85 was found to be unreliable and extremely complex compared to the M2 machine gun. The weapon was not fitted to the M1 Abrams, and was replaced by the M2 machine gun on the improved AAVP-7. An attempt was also made to make a version of the M85 that would replace the M2 in the infantry role was designated the M85C, and featured standard spade grips and could be fitted to the M3 heavy tripod. Like the M85 the weapon was extremely unreliable and unpopular and this weapon was not adopted.

The M85 was also tested by the United Kingdom under the designations XL17E1 and XL17E2. They were equipped with special purpose barrels and evaluated as ranging machine guns. [Ezell, 1988. p. 391] The weapon was not adopted for use on any British vehicles.

Variants

M85

*Basic weapon, designed for mounting inside vehicle copulas

M85C

* Flexible infantry variant with sights and spade grips

References

Citations

ources

* Ezell, Ed. "Small Arms Today, 2nd Edition." Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1988. ISBN 0-8117-2280-5.
* Gervasi, Tom. "Arsenal of Democracy III: America's War Machine, the Pursuit of Global Dominance". New York, NY: Grove Press, Inc, 1984. ISBN 0-394-54102-2.

ee also

* M2 Browning machine gun

External links

* [http://tri.army.mil/LC/cs/csi/sahist.htm TACOM-RI Historic US Small Arms]
* [http://www.inetres.com/gp/military/cv/weapon/M85.html M85 at Gary's Olive Drab Page]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • M240 machine gun — Infobox Weapon name=Machine Gun, 7.62 mm, M240 caption=The M240B origin=flag|Belgium flag|United States type=General purpose machine gun is ranged=yes service=1977–Present used by= Military of the United States wars= designer= design date=… …   Wikipedia

  • Browning Machine Gun — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. 12,7 x 99 mm NATO …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of machine guns — see Machine guns. Machine guns are often rapid firing weapons that commonly use rifled barrels. They may come on bipods, use belts of ammo, or even boxes. There are also high caliber and standard caliber machine guns. They are often used to… …   Wikipedia

  • 152 mm towed gun-howitzer M1955 (D-20) — D 20 Type Towed howitzer Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Zastava M85/M90 — Infobox Weapon|is ranged=yes caption=Zastava M85/M90 name=Zastava M85/M90 type=Assault rifle origin=flagcountry|Serbia designer=Zastava Arms ( Zastava oružje ) manufacturer=Zastava Arms cartridge=5.56x45mm NATO operators=SerbiaThe M85/M90 is a… …   Wikipedia

  • .50 BMG — Infobox Firearm Cartridge name=.50 BMG caption=From left: .50 BMG, 300 Win Mag, .308 Winchester, 7.62x39mm, 5.56x45mm NATO, .22LR origin=flagcountry|United States type= Rifle service=1914 present used by=NATO and many others wars=WWI, WWII,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sabra (tank) — Infobox Weapon name= M60T caption=M60T at the IDEF 07 Show, Ankara, Turkey. origin=Israel Turkey type=Main battle tank is vehicle=yes number= 170 crew= 3 length= 6.95 m width= 4.05 m height= 3.37 m weight= 59 tons armour= Classified,… …   Wikipedia

  • M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle — Infobox Weapon|is vehicle=yes name=M728 CEV (Combat Engineer Vehicle) caption=M782 CEV (Combat Engineer Vehicle) crew= 4 (Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver) length= 8.83 m width= 3.7 m height= 3.3 m weight= 52.2 tonnes armour= 13 143 mm primary… …   Wikipedia

  • List of weapons of the U.S. Marine Corps — This is a list of weapons used by the United States Marine Corps:Weapons utilizedThe basic infantry weapon of the U.S. Marine Corps is the M16 assault rifle family, with a majority of Marines being equipped with the M16A2 or M16A4 service rifles …   Wikipedia

  • Fuerzas Armadas Reales de Marruecos — القوات الملكية المغربية Forces Armées Royales Activa Noviembre de …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.