- Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve
The Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve is located in the extreme south of
Chileand comprises marine areas, islands, fjords, channels, forests and moorland. It covers an area of approximately 49,000 km². All biosphere reserves include core zones (no significant infrastructure development), buffer zones (light development) and transition zones (more traditional development under a sustainable rubric). In the case of Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, the core zone is constituted of Alberto de Agostini National Parkand Cabo de Hornos National Park, which are strictly protected under Chilean law and under the biosphere reserve status cannot have infrastructure for lodging.
The Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve is administered by a Governing Board that is presided by the regional governor and includes relevant public services and local organizations. The reserve's scientific advisory board is coordinated by the
Omora Ethnobotanical Park- University of Magallanes. In addition to hosting the world's southernmost forested ecosystems and culture (the Yahgans), the Cape Horn Archipelago also protects 5% of the world's bryophyte diversity (mosses and liverworts). [Rozzi, R., F. Massardo, C.B. Anderson, A. Berghoefer, A. Mansilla, M. Mansilla and J. Plana (2006). Reserva de Biosfera Cabo de Hornos. Ediciones de la Universidad de Magallanes. Punta Arenas, Chile. 258 pp.] While considered one of the world's last remaining wilderness areas [Mittermeier, R. A., C. Mittermeier, P. Robles-Gil, J. Pilgrim, G. Fonseca, T. Brook, and W. Konstant. 2002. Wilderness: Earth’s last wild places. CEMEX–Conservation International, Washington, D.C., USA.] , Cape Horn currently is confronting serious threats related to tourism, development of real estate projects, invasive exotic species and salmon farming.
* 1. Rozzi, R., F. Massardo, C.B. Anderson, A. Berghoefer, A. Mansilla, M. Mansilla and J. Plana (2006). Reserva de Biosfera Cabo de Hornos. Ediciones de la Universidad de Magallanes. Punta Arenas, Chile. 258 pp.
* 2. Mittermeier, R. A., C. Mittermeier, P. Robles-Gil, J. Pilgrim, G. Fonseca, T. Brook, and W. Konstant. 2002. Wilderness: Earth’s last wild places. CEMEX–Conservation International, Washington, D.C., USA.
List of environment topics
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
* [http://www2.unesco.org/mab/br/brdir/directory/biores.asp?code=CHI+08&mode=all Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve]
* [http://www.cabodehornos.org/english/biosphere.htm Omora Ethnobotanical Park]
* [http://www.chile.unt.edu/capehorn UNT Chile Program Office]
* [http://www.osara.org/journal Omora Sub-Antarctic Research Alliance]
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