- Severn crossing
Severn crossing is a term used to refer to the two
motorwaycrossings over the River Severnestuary between Englandand Wales. The two crossings are:
Severn Bridge(Welsh: "Pont Hafren")
Second Severn Crossing(Welsh: "Ail Groesfan Hafren")
The first motorway
suspension bridgewas inaugurated on 8 September 1966, and the newer cable-stayed bridge, a few miles to the south, was inaugurated on 5 June 1996. The Second Severn Crossing marks the upper limit of the Severn estuary.
The two Severn crossings are regarded as the main crossing points from England into South Wales. Prior to 1966 road traffic between the southern counties of Wales and the southern counties of England – including
London– either had to travel via Gloucesteror take the Aust Ferry, which ran roughly along the line of the Severn Bridge, from Old Passage near Austto Beachley. The ferry ramps at Old Passage and Beachleyare still visible.
Tolls are collected on both crossings from vehicles travelling in a westward direction only. As of January 2008, the toll for a car is £5.30.
Severn Tunnel, carrying mainline trains under the Severn, follows a very similar route to the Second Severn Crossing. From 1879 until its collapse in 1960 the Severn Railway Bridgealso carried trains across the Severn from Sharpnessto Lydney.
Severn Barragewill constitute a third crossing if it is ever built. It is generally presumed that it would carry a road crossing. Until recently, a rail link over it had been ruled out because the barrage would contain a huge set of shipping locks that the rails would need to traverse. However, it has been suggested that a rail bridge could carry smaller, modern trains over the locks, so a rail link is possible.
Crossings of the River Severn
Aust Severn Powerline Crossing
* [http://www.severnbridge.co.uk Severn River Crossing PLC] The bridges' operating company. Facts and figures, history, etc. about the crossings
* [http://www.severntales.co.uk River Severn bridges]
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