Specialist school


Specialist school

The specialist schools programme is a UK government initiative which encourages secondary schools in England to specialise in certain areas of the curriculum to boost achievement. The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust is responsible for the delivery of the programme. Currently there are over 2,000Fact|date=May 2008 specialist schools, over two thirds of the secondary schools in England. The government plans that eventually all schools in England will specialiseFact|date=May 2008; Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland control their own education systems, there are no specialist schools in Scotland or Wales. In Northern Ireland specialist school status has been granted to 34 schools by the Department of Education as of June 2008, part of a three year pilot. Cite web|url=http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/80-curriculumandassessment_pg/22-specialist_schools.htm|title=DENI Website|accessdate=2008-09-20] Cite web|url=http://www.slemishcollege.org.uk/news/?p=91|title=Slemish College|accessdate=2008-09-20] .

ummary

Gaining specialist school status

Specialist school status requires an application in the form of a four-year development plan with quantified targets related to learning outcomes. The school must also raise £50,000 in private sector sponsorshipFact|date=May 2008. The reward for achieving specialist status is a government grant of £100,000 to go with the £50,000 in sponsorship for a capital project related to the specialism and an extra £129 per pupil per year for four years to support the development plan. This is normally targeted on additional staffing and professional developmentFact|date=May 2008. While specialist schools are able to select up to 10% of their students on aptitude in the specialismFact|date=May 2008, few have taken up this option. Specialist schools must still meet the full requirements of the English national curriculum and so the specialism is seen as adding value to the existing statutory provision rather than being a radical departure from it. The important aspect in the eyes of the government is the focus that the specialism provides for providing leadership in the quest for whole school improvement.

pecialisms

The fields a school can specialise in are as follows:
* Arts (can be Media, Performing Arts, Visual Arts, or combination of these)
* Business & Enterprise
* Engineering
* Humanities
* Languages
* Mathematics & Computing
* Music
* Science
* Sports
* Technology

A school can also specialise in more than one area; combining specialisms.

Success

A 2003 study of the non-selective specialist schools found that they scored almost 10 percentage points higherFact|date=May 2008 in their GCSE results than their comprehensive non-specialist competitors. The research, by David Jesson from University of York, showed all types of specialist schools performing better than non-specialistsFact|date=May 2008. Jesson's data appeared to show that the longer a school had been specialist the better its results. Critics attribute this examination success to the extra funding, not to the specialism adoptedFact|date=May 2008. Since the amount of additional money provided by specialist status is rather less than the differences in budgets of schools simply by virtue of their different geographical locations, and there is no direct correlation between performance and funding on that basis, it seems likely that while funding might make a difference, it is not the entire storyFact|date=May 2008. If the earlier adopters of specialist status are the people with the greatest drive, for example, that alone could explain the difference with the funding being a mechanism for providing the incentive. Given the variables involved the real reasons for improvement are always likely to be obscured by the political perspective.

Participation

Sponsorship

Private sector sponsorship includes charitable trusts, internal fund raising and donations from private companies. In some cases donations can be made in cash from entities in the private sector such as [http://www.arcadiagroup.co.uk Arcadia] and HSBC. Until recently software was ineligible due to the difficulty in evaluating the true value of something that has no manufacturing cost and can simply be given away as a form of collateral. This changed when Oracle and then Microsoft were allowed to sponsor the programme with "in kind" donations. The total sponsorship to date is of the order of £100m. Schools that make a good attempt at achieving their targets normally have their grants renewed after the 4 year development plan period with no further need to raise sponsorship. Schools that do particularly well are invited to apply for a new specialism to give a new line of attack for raising standards.

Business partnership and cooperation is managed by the SSAT Development team (development@ssatrust.org.uk) Many companies have developed their Corporate and Social Responsibility programmes by working with the SSAT Africa Project.

International

It has always been an important objective of specialist schools, to work with the most innovative schools across the world. The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust has links with schools and organisations in all continents. Since 2003 it has worked with education groups in South Africa.It has worked effectively with Khanya [http://www.khanya.co.za] in the Western Cape to improve teaching and learning through technology in township schools.Fact|date=May 2008 Many UK schools now partner with African schools through the SSAT. For more information contact alan.mills@ssatrust.org.uk

Criticisms

The specialist schools programme has been widely criticised. The two biggest UK teaching unions have opposed the programme because they say that it creates a two-tier education system, made up of specialist schools with extra funding and non-specialist schools which cannot benefit from any extra money. This is becoming untenable as all schools achieve specialist status and with the wide variation in funding of similar schools in different parts of the country for reasons unconnected with specialist status. Academics have criticised the programme on the same grounds and because there does not appear to be any evidence to demonstrate that it is the specialism, as opposed to the additional funding, that drives the success of the schools. Left wing critics argue that the specialist schools represent a drift away from the comprehensive 'ideal'. The main criticism that does hold up among the political noise is scepticism about student and parental choice. If a school is unpopular, there is little likelihood that those in the surrounding area will have the space and flexibility to admit many individual students based simply on their choice of curriculum.

ee also

*
* Specialist Schools and Academies Trust
* Academy (England)
* City Technology College
* Comprehensive System
* Education in England

References

External links

* [http://www.ssatrust.org.uk/ Specialist Schools and Academies Trust]
* [http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/specialistschools/ The Standards Site]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/analysis/story/0,,752908,00.html The Guardian "Class Distinctions"] (2002)
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/4388285.stm BBC News: "Specialist schools 'limit choice'"] (2005)
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/4268781.stm BBC News: "Specialist schools 'succeeding'"] (2005)
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/6982499.stm BBC News: "Specialist schools 'not better'"] (2007)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ellesmere Port Specialist School of Performing Arts — Infobox UK school name = Ellesmere Port Specialist School of Performing Arts size = 200px latitude = 53.28265 longitude = 2.92603 dms = dms motto = motto pl = established = approx = closed = c approx = type = religion = president = head label =… …   Wikipedia

  • Highfields Science Specialist School — Infobox UK school name = Highfields Science Specialist School size = latitude = longitude = dms = motto = motto pl = established = 1957 approx = closed = c approx = type = religion = Mixed president = head label = head = M. Capel r head label = r …   Wikipedia

  • Kyoto City Specialist School of Arts — Die Kyōto shiritsu Geijutsu Daigaku (jap. 京都市立芸術大学, dt. „Städtische Kunsthochschule Kyōto“; engl. Kyoto City University of Arts) ist eine 1880 gegründete Kunsthochschule in Kyōto. Sie hat die älteste Geschichte aller Kunsthochschulen in Japan und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kyoto City Specialist School of Painting — Die Kyōto shiritsu Geijutsu Daigaku (jap. 京都市立芸術大学, dt. „Städtische Kunsthochschule Kyōto“; engl. Kyoto City University of Arts) ist eine 1880 gegründete Kunsthochschule in Kyōto. Sie hat die älteste Geschichte aller Kunsthochschulen in Japan und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leytonstone Business and Enterprise Specialist School — Leytonstone Buisness and Enterprise Specialist School is a mixed, comprehensive 11 16 school in Leytonstone, London. The school holds specialist Business and Enterprise College status [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Darby Specialist School for the Performing Arts — Infobox UK school name = The Abraham Darby School for the Performing Arts size = latitude = 52.6336 longitude = 2.4703 dms = motto = Achieving success through challenge and support motto pl = established = approx = closed = c approx = type = City …   Wikipedia

  • Specialist Schools and Academies Trust — The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) is an independent, not for profit, membership organisation in the United Kingdom, working in partnership with schools to raise student achievement and standards. It has lead responsibility for… …   Wikipedia

  • School psychology — is a field that applies principles of clinical psychology and educational psychology to the diagnosis and treatment of children s and adolescents behavioral and learning problems. School psychologists are educated in psychology, child and… …   Wikipedia

  • School Fees in New Zealand — School Fees is a term that the general public of New Zealand most commonly used to describe a request from schools to parents or guardians for a donation (usually annual) to their child s school.Although this payment is entirely voluntary, some… …   Wikipedia

  • Specialist degree — The Specialist degree in the English speaking worldThe Specialist degree is found in some programs of education or psychology and is awarded for study beyond the Master s degree but below the doctorate. It is most often referred to as an Ed.S.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.