- Florence Knoll
Florence Knoll Bassett (born
May 24, 1917) is an American architect and furniture designer who studied under Mies van der Roheand Eliel Saarinen. She was born in Saginaw, Michiganas Florence Schust and is known in familiar circles simply as "Shu". [Biographical information from A Finding Aid to the Florence Knoll Bassett Papers, 1932-2000 by Stephanie Ashley, in the Archives of American Art http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/knolflor/overview.htm] She graduated from Kingswood School at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan in 1934. She briefly worked with leaders of the Bauhaus movement, including Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuerand Wallace K. Harrison. [http://www.knoll.com/aboutknoll/overview.jsp]
In 1938, Hans G. Knoll founded his furniture company by that name in New York. In 1943, Florence Schust convinced Hans she could help bring in business to his company even in America's wartime economy by expanding into interior design by working with architects. With her architectural background and design flair, she succeeded. They married in 1946, she became a full business partner and together they founded Knoll Associates. A new furniture factory was established in Pennsylvania and dealers in Knoll's furniture were carefully added over the next several years. [Knoll au Louvre: Catalog of the Exhibition held at Pavillon de Marsan Musee des Arts Decoratifs, January 12 to March 12, 1972, by Christine Rae and Herbert Matter (Hardcover - 1971)]
Florence Knoll felt
architectsshould contribute their design ability to furniture as well. Some of these furniture designs would become design icons of the 20th century and have remained in the Knoll line for decades due to their timeless design. When Hans Knoll died in a car accident in 1955, Florence Knoll took over operation of the company. Florence Knoll herself designed chairs, sofas, tables and casegoods during the 1950s that remain in the Knoll line to this day. In 1958 she married Harry Hood Bassett.
Her American interpretation of minimalist, rationalist design theories is clearly evident in Knoll's storage pieces. She mixed woods and metals to great effect and added
laminates as they became popular. Dressers and desks are all square in design but never lack for quality. Hanging cabinets have glass shelves, sliding doors and drop down fronts that can be used as bars.
As an architect, Knoll's most famous creations are the Connecticut General Life Insurance building in
Bloomfield, Connecticutand the interior of the CBS Buildingin New York City.
In the 1950's Florence Knoll's work was often displayed at the
Museum of Modern Art's "Good Design" exhibits. Although Knoll did a great deal of residential work, the International Style she worked in was specially in successful corporate offices. Knoll's vision for the new office was clean and uncluttered, and the corporate boom of the 1960's provided the perfect opportunity for her to change the way people looked at work in their offices. Her open plan layouts created clean, uncluttered spaces a perfect venue for her furniture. Companies like H. J. Heinz, CBS, and Connecticut General Life Insuranceall embraced this new way of organizing business space.
Knoll retired as Knoll president in 1960, but remained with the company as the director of design until 1965 when she retired completely.
* [http://www.knoll.com Official site of the Knoll Design Company]
* [http://www.uvm.edu/~cmncmnt/commencement2004/?Page=bassett.html University of Vermont Honorary Degree Recipient FLORENCE KNOLL BASSETT]
* [http://www.metropolismag.com/html/content_0701/kno/index_c1.html Florence Knoll Bassett: The Conversation] - metropolismag.com
* [http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/knolflor/ The Florence Knoll Bassett Papers Online at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art]
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