- Brazilian Public Service
The Brazilian Federal Public Service is regulated by the Federal Law 8112, which established the Single Legal Scheme (
Regime Juridico Unico, RJU). There are two categories of servants, the effectives and the commissioned.
The candidates to the effective civil service must apply to a written examination. Practical examinations and the presentation of Academic Awards may also be required. The candidates are classified conform the final grades, which the calculation is generally the aritimetical sum of the grades of each written exam (generally Portuguese Language, Mathematics, Computer Operation, Logical Reasoning and Laws) and award examination (Points are attributted conform the degree of the presented awards). The higher in the classificatory list are nominated, conform the number of vacancies available for the function. The remaining classified may be nominated when new vacancies became available (due to death, retirement, or voluntary termination). The Classificatory list is generally valid during 2 years, and may be extended for more 2 years. After the expiration, the candidates from the list cannot be nominated.
Probational period and stability
After the nomination, the new
Civil Servantis subjected to the probational period. For two years, the servant is evaluated by the immediate chief twice a year. The grades may vary from 0 to 100 and must be 70 or higher for the servant be approved in the probation. After the period, the approved servant is considered "stable" and the non-approved are dismissed. A stable servant may not be dismissed, except due to judged sentence or disciplinary administrative processes.
The commissioned servants are nominated by public authorities. The nominated may be effective public servants or any other citizen. The probational period and the stability are not applied to these servants.
Public service in cities and states
The Public Civil Service in Brazilian states and cities is regulated by state and municipal laws, but adopt similar procedures for appliance.
* [http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Leis/L8112compilado.htm Brazilian Federal Law 8112] (Portuguese)
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