- For an earlier, historically unattested and possibly just a mythical namesake, see Palemonids
Narimantas or Narymunt (baptized Gleb, born just before 1300 (according top Wasilewski 1992) – February 2, 1348) was the second eldest son of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania. During various periods of his life, he ruled Pinsk and Polatsk. In 1333 he was invited by Novgorod's nobles to rule and protect territories in the north, Ladoga, Oreshek and Korela. He started the tradition of Lithuanian mercenary service north of Novgorod on the Swedish border that lasted until Novgorod's fall to Moscow in 1477.
About 1338, Golden Horde took him as prisoner. The Muscovite ruler, Ivan Kalita, ransomed him from Tatars, keeping him as hostage in Moscow for a few years.
Narimantas supported his brother Jaunutis when he was deposed by Algirdas and Kęstutis in 1345. In order to avoid getting killed by his younger brothers, he escaped Vilnius in autumn 1344. Narimantas travelled to Jani Beg, Khan of the Golden Horde, asking for support against Algirdas. Though he failed to solicit support, he is rumoured to have married a Tatar princess. (possibly as second wife.) After returning, Narimantas reconciled with Algirdas and was killed leading the Battle of Strėva against the Teutonic Knights on February 2, 1348. His descendants include Princes Kurakin, Galitzine, Khovansky, Korecki.
He took baptism in 1333 in or before Veliki Novgorod. This made him ineligible to succeed his father as ruler of Lithuanians, despite his primogeniture right.
sources: T.Wasilewski, 1992
It is believed that Narimantas had five sons:
- Aleksander (died after 1386), Prince of Podolia
- Yury (died in 1392), Prince of Belz
- Nikolai, Prince of Pinsk
- Patrikas (died ca. 1387), Prince of Starodub
- Simeon (died after 1386)
The Polish genealogist and historian Jozef Puzyna (see Dr. Jozef ks. Puzyna, article series on Narimantas, in: Miesiecznik Heraldyczny, 1930-31) refutes strongly the claim that Narimantas' progeny would gave been born of a Tatar wife. He advances a hypothesis that the names of Narimantas' sons indicate that their mother was an Orthodox Ruthenian lady.
- ^ a b (Lithuanian) Kiaupa, Zigmantas (2004). "Narimantas". In Vytautas Spečiūnas. Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 42. ISBN 5-420-01535-8.
- ^ Rowell, C. S. (1994). Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire Within East-Central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Fourth Series. Cambridge University Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780521450119.
- ^ Rowell, C. S. Lithuania Ascending, 114
- ^ Rowell, C. S. Lithuania Ascending, xxxii
- Sjöström (2011), Liettuan gediminidien suomensukuiset geneettiset juuret. ISSN 1239-3487, Donelaitis - Donelaitis-seuran - Liettuan Ystävät ryn lehti 1/2011, ss 16..18
- family of Gediminas – family tree of Narimantas
- List of Belarusian rulers
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
House of Gediminas — The House of Gediminas refers to the siblings, children, and grandchildren of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania (ca. 1275–1341). The Gediminid dynasty ruled the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from ca. 1285 or 1316 to 1572, eventually extending its… … Wikipedia
Jaunutis — (literally young man , Ruthenian: Jewnut , Polish: Jawnuta , Belarusian: Jaunut (Яўнут), baptized: Iwan ; ca. 1300 – after 1366) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from his father Gediminas death in 1341 until he was deposed by his elder brothers… … Wikipedia
Battle of Strėva — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Strėva partof=Northern Crusades caption= date=February 2, 1348 place=Strėva River near Žiežmariai result= Victory of the Teutonic Knights combatant1=Teutonic Knights combatant2=Grand Duchy of… … Wikipedia
Jaunutis — (wörtlich: Junger Mann, getauft auf den Namen Iwan,* um 1300; † nach 1366) war litauischer Großfürst nach dem Tod seines Vaters Gediminas 1341 bis zu seiner Entmachtung durch seine Brüder Algirdas und Kęstutis 1345. Es gibt verschiedene Theorien… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Schlacht an der Streva — Teil von: Litauerkriege des Deutschen Ordens Datum 2. Februar 1348 Ort Fluss Streva unweit von Žiežmari … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jaunutis — (idioma bielorruso: Яўнут; literalmente hombre joven; bautizado: Ioann, Jawnuta , Juan o Iván ; ca. 1300 – después 1366) fue Gran Duque de Lituania desde la muerte de su padre Gediminas en 1341 hasta que fue depuesto por sus hermanos mayores… … Wikipedia Español
Famille Golitsyne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Golitsyne. Les armoiries de la famille Golitsyne La famille Golitsyne (en russe : Голицын … Wikipédia en Français
Duchy of Belz — constituent part of Kingdom of Rus, then Kingdom of Hungary, later Duchy of Masovia ← … Wikipedia
Dmitry Donskoy — For other uses, see Donskoy (disambiguation). Dmitry of the Don Grand Prince of Moscow Reign 13 November 1359 – 19 May 1389 ( 1000000000000002900000029 years … Wikipedia
Vasily I of Moscow — Vasiliy I Dmitriyevich (Russian: Василий I Дмитриевич, 30 December 1371 – 27 February 1425), was Grand Prince of Moscow from 1389.He was the oldest son of Dmitri Donskoi and Grand Princess Eudoxia, daughter of the Grand Prince Dmitry… … Wikipedia