Falsework


Falsework

Falsework consists of temporary structures used in construction to support spanning or arched structures in order to hold the component in place until its construction is sufficiently advanced to support itself. Falsework also includes temporary support structures for formwork used to mold concrete to form a desired shape Hardie G.M. (1995) Building Construction: Principles, Practices, and Materials. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. (Pg 116, paragraph 1) ISBN 0133505707] and scaffolding to give workers access to the structure being constructed.

BS 5975:1982 (Code of Practice for Falsework) defines falsework as: "Any temporary structure used to support a permanent structure while it is not self-supporting."

History

Until the turn of the 20th century almost all falsework was constructed from timber. To compensate for timber shortages different regions and to rationalize labor and material usage new systems were developed.Burrows B.G (198X) Thesis. (University of Warwick)]

The major developments include the design of connection devices (coupler), transitions to other spanning beams such as steel pipes or profiles or reusable timber beams, and adjustable steel props. In 1935 W.A. de Vigier designed the a adjustable steel prop which revolutionized many aspects of the construction industry including to support slab formwork, wall formwork, trench sheeting and falsework. [http://www.devigier.ch/deutsch/stiftung/grunder.html]

During the same period many different scaffolding systems were being developed around the world. These consisted of welded frames that could be slotted or clipped together to form access or support towers. The reduction in construction time and complexity led to reduced labor costs and required less skill in assembly.

Further developments have made scaffolding systems even easier to use. Stronger systems have been introduced that either, incorporate horizontal restraints (via lacers, ties, or braces) at more levels or by using stronger tubes or connections. Materials from which falsework systems are manufactured have also diversified from traditional steel and timber to aluminum components.

In the UK, BS 5975 gives recommendations for the design and use of falsework on construction sites. It was first introduced by the British Standards Institute in March 1982 and was then revised in March 1996. The code is currently under revision again, a draft copy was released in late 2007, and the new version of the code is expected in the summer of 2008. The new revisions bring the code up to date with methodology developed in the new CDM 2007 regulations and also the requirements of the new European codes BS EN 12811-1:2003 Temporary works equipment - Part 1: Scaffolds, and BS EN 12812:2004, Falsework - Performance requirements and general design.

ee also

*Arch bridge for the use of falsework in bridge construction.

References

* [http://www.adsf.ae Al Dhabi Scaffolding& Formwork LLC( ADSF )] Formwork& falsework solutions

External links

* [http://www.adsf.ae Al Dhabi Scaffolding& Formwork LLC( ADSF )] Formwork& falsework solutions


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