- Industrial archaeology of Dartmoor
industrial archaeologyof Dartmoorcovers a number of the industries which have, over the ages, occurred on Dartmoor, and the remaining evidence surrounding them. Currently only a few industries are economically significant, yet all three will inevitably leave their own traces on the moor: china clay mining, farming and tourism. A good general guide to the commercial activities on Dartmoor at the end of the 19th century is William Crossing's "The Dartmoor Worker".
In former times, lead, silver, tin and copper were mined extensively on Dartmoor. The most obvious evidence of mining to the casual visitor to Dartmoor are the remains of the old engine-house at
Wheal Betsywhich is alongside the A386 roadbetween Tavistock and Okehampton. The word "Wheal" has a particular meaning in Devonand Cornwallbeing either a tinor a coppermine, however in the case of Wheal Betsy it was principally lead and silver which were mined.
Once widely practised by many miners across the moor, by the early 1900s only a few tinners remained, and mining had almost completely ceased twenty years later. Some of the more significant mines were Eylesbarrow,
Knock Mine, Vitifer Mineand Hexworthy Mine. The last active mine in the Dartmoor area was Great Rock Mine, which shut down in 1969. [ [http://www.dartmoor-npa.gov.uk/print/index/learningabout/lab-exhibitions/lab-dartmoorrock/dartmoor_rock-online.htm The Uses of Dartmoor Rock] . "Dartmoor National Park Authority". Retrieved on 2007-06-15.]
Dartmoor granite has been used in many Devon and Cornish buildings. The prison at Princetown was built from granite taken from
Walkhampton Common. When the horse tramroad from Plymouthto Princetown was completed in 1823, large quantities of granite were more easily transported.
The granite quarries around
Haytorwere the source of the stone used in several famous structures, including the New London Bridge, completed in 1831. This granite was transported from the moor via the Haytor Granite Tramway, stretches of which are still visible.
Peat-cutting for fuel occurred at some locations on Dartmoor until certainly the 1970s, usually for personal consumption. The right of
Dartmoor commonersto cut peat for fuel is known as "turbary". These rights were conferred a long time ago, predating most written records. The area once known as the "Turbary of Alberysheved" between the River Teignand the headwaters of the River Boveyis mentioned in the Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoorof 1240 (by 1609 the name of the area had changed to Turf Hill).
An attempt was made to commercialise the cutting of peat in 1901 at
Rattle Brook Head, however this quickly failed.
The significance of the term "
warren" nowadays is not what it once was. In the Middle Agesit was a privileged place, and the creatures of the warren were protected by the king 'for his princely delight and pleasure'.
Until early in the 20th century, rabbits were kept on a commercial scale, both for their flesh and their fur. The evidence for this is plentiful as there are still extant a number of warrens which are manifestly man-made, and in place names such as Ditsworthy Warren and
Warren House Inn. Also, whilst walking on Dartmoor near one of the many warrens, it is entirely possible that you might accidentally stumble into a weasel-trap, placed there originally to capture weasels and stoats attempting to get at the rabbits.
The subject of warrening on Dartmoor is addressed in
Eden Phillpotts' story "The River".
Farming has been practised on Dartmoor since time immemorial. The
dry-stone walls which separate fields and mark boundaries give an idea of the extent to which the landscape has been shaped by farming. There is little or no arable farming within the moor, mostly being given over to livestock farming on account of the thin and rocky soil. Some Dartmoor farms are remote in the extreme.
Warren House Inn
*cite book | title=Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor| last=Harris| first=Helen| date=1972| publisher=David & Charles| location=Newton Abbot| isbn=0 7153 4302 5
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Industrial heritage — is an aspect of cultural heritage dealing specifically with the buildings and artifacts of industry which are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations, often forming a… … Wikipedia
Dartmoor — For the pony, see Dartmoor Pony; for the prison, see Dartmoor (HM Prison); for the Victorian hamlet in Australia, see Dartmoor, Victoria Coordinates: 50°34′N 4°0′W / 50.567° … Wikipedia
Dartmoor tin-mining — The wheelpit at Huntingdon mine The Dartmoor tin mining industry is thought to have originated in pre Roman times, and continued right through to the 20th century. From the 12th century onwards tin mining was regulated by a Stannary Parliament … Wikipedia
Mining in Cornwall and Devon — Ruin of Cornish tin mine … Wikipedia
Redlake Tramway — The Redlake Tramway was a railway built to carry supplies and workers between the clay workings at Redlake and Bittaford, the nearest settlement. It was built in 1911 to a gauge of convert|3|ft|0|in|mm, and ran for a circuitous… … Wikipedia
England — For other uses, see England (disambiguation). England … Wikipedia
List of museums in England — Museums in England is a link page for any museum in England by ceremonial county. The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council is the national development agency for museums in England, and is a sponsored body of the Department for Culture, Media… … Wikipedia
Morwellham Quay — Coordinates: 50°30′19″N 04°11′37″W / 50.50528°N 4.19361°W / 50.50528; 4.19361 … Wikipedia
West Devon — ▪ district, England, United Kingdom borough (district), administrative and historic county of Devon, southwestern England. The borough lies directly north of the city of Plymouth. West Devon encompasses most of Dartmoor in the county s… … Universalium
Geology of Somerset — Somerset is a rural county in the southwest of England, covering convert|4171|km2|sqmi|0. It is bounded on the north west by the Bristol Channel, on the north by Bristol and Gloucestershire, on the north east by Wiltshire, on the south east by… … Wikipedia