- Elizabeth Younge
. Little is known about her early life and family background. An Elizabeth Young, daughter of Samuel and Mary Young, was baptized at St Olave's, Southwark, on 14 January 1744, but it is not known if this was the same person. Discrepancies in her reported age at the time of her death suggest that she was born around 1740 or around 1745.
Around 1767–8, Younge was introduced to David Garrick, younger brother of the
theatre manager David Garrick. The younger Garrick was sufficiently impressed by Younge's acting that he took her to his brother. The timing was fortunate for Younge, as it was during that season that the actress Hannah Pritchardretired, and Garrick was having difficulties with Ann Barry. Garrick liked to keep a good actress in reserve, and not only hired Younge for the Drury Lane company, but also gave her personal tuition.
Elizabeth Younge's début at Drury Lane was on
22 October, 1768, when she appeared as Imogen in " Cymbeline". Garrick was pleased enough to raise her salary from £2 to £3 per week, while William Hopkins, the prompter, wrote of her performance in his diary:
:Miss Younge — an elegant Figure in both dresses, has a very good voice, but wants management, — a great deal of acting about her, and would make a great figure, if she had a better face. Upon the whole she played the part amazingly well, and had deserved the applause.
Younge's next parts were Jane Shore and Ovisa in the première of
Alexander Dow's "Zingis". This play was not well received, and Younge was hissed by the audience. On 7 April, 1769, she played Perdita in "Florizel and Perdita", Garrick's adaptation of " The Winter's Tale". That summer, she worked at Richmond with James Love, but in the autumn she returned to Drury Lane and on 2 October, she played Juliet in " Romeo and Juliet".
Remaining at Drury Lane, Younge took the part of Imogen again, in the new season in 1770. This was followed by Alcmena in "
Amphitryon", Lady Easy in " The Careless Husband", and Almera in " The Mourning Bride", but after quarrelling with Garrick over her salary, she left Drury Lane for Capel Street Theatrein Dublin, where she met with considerable success. She spent the summer of 1771 in Bristol, and, after coming to some agreement with Garrick, returned to Drury Lane to play Imogen once again on 26 September. Her performance, according to Hopkins, was "receiv'd with Great Applause".
Younge remained at Drury Lane until 1778, though in the summer months she also performed in other cities. Her relationship with Garrick seems to have been an uneven one: he greatly respected her talent, but was irritated by her temperament, and at one stage gave a leading role to a lesser actress in order to belittle her. She played the role of Viola in front of
King George III, though Garrick was forced to send her a threatening letter after she attempted to withdraw from the play on the grounds of having a cough.
Younge was the fifth highest paid actress at Drury Lane thatre at the time of Garrick's retirement, earning £12 per week. Following a dispute with his successor,
Thomas Sheridan, over money, she moved to Covent Garden after the 1778–9 season, and remained there until her death.
Younge married Alexander Pope, a young Irish artist and actor, on
9 August, 1785, despite being more than twenty years his senior. They had one son.
Elizabeth Younge was forced to give up her career on
26 January, 1797, because of serious illness. She died on Wednesday 15 March, 1797, at her home, 5 Half Moon Street. Some sources give her age at death as fifty-two; others report it as fifty-seven. She was buried at Westminster Abbeyon 22 March.
* [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/22530 Terry Enright: "Elizabeth Pope"] at the "
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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