- Suicide bridge
:"This article is about bridges used to commit suicide. For Suicide Bridge in London, see A1 road (London)"
A suicide bridge is a
bridgeused frequently to commit suicide, most typically by jumping off and into the water below (because a fall from that height into the water is almost inevitably fatal).
Golden Gate Bridgein San Francisco has had more suicides than any other in the world, [http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/10/30/MNG2NFF7KI1.DTL "Lethal Beauty", San Francisco Chronicle] "The Golden Gate Bridge is the world's No. 1 suicide magnet"] the number currently being over 1,200. In 2005, documentary filmmaker Eric Steelset off controversy by revealing that he had tricked the bridge committee into allowing him to film the Golden Gate for months, and had captured 23 suicides on film for his documentary "The Bridge". In March 2005, San Francisco supervisor Tom Ammiano proposed funding a study on erecting a suicide barrieron the bridge. [http://goldengatebridge.org/projects/documents/March24BOD_000.doc]
Seattle, Washington, more than 230 people have committed suicide from the Aurora Bridge, making it the second deadliest suicide bridge in the United States. [ [http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=3664 Jumpers Take It to the Bridge] . The Stranger. April 13, 2000] [ [http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5418 The Online Encyclopedia of Washington State] . HistoryLink.org.] In the last decade, nearly 50 people jumped to their deaths, nine in 2006. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16829300/ ‘Suicide bridge’ hurts workers’ mental health] . msnbc.com. January 26, 2007.] [http://www.seattlefriends.org Seattle FRIENDS] , a nonprofit group dedicated to eliminating suicides from the bridge, is petitioning city and state officials to install a suicide barrier on the bridge.The San Diego-Coronado Bridgeis the third deadliest suicide bridge in the U.S., followed by the Sunshine Skyway Bridgein St. Petersburg, Florida. [ [http://www.sptimes.com/News/71799/TampaBay/Bridge_phones_offer_a.shtml Tampabay: Bridge phones offer a new lifeline ] ]
To reach such locations, those with the intention to commit suicide must often walk long distances to reach the point where they finally decide to jump. For example, some jumpers have traveled over the
San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridgeby automobile to reach the Golden Gate. [http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2003/10/13/031013fa_fact Jumpers: The Fatal Grandeur of Golden Gate Bridge] , " The New Yorker", October 13, 2003 p48]
Suicide prevention advocates believe that suicide by bridge is more likely to be impulsive than other means, and that barriers can have a significant effect on reducing the incidence of suicides by bridge.Fact|date=February 2008 One study showed that installing barriers on the
Duke Ellington Bridgein Washington, D.C.– which has a high incidence of suicide – did not cause an increase of suicides at the nearby Taft Bridge. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9900E3D61E3AF93BA25751C0A9659C8B63&sec=health&spon=&pagewanted=2 Toronto Journal; A Veil of Deterrence for a Bridge With a Dark Side - New York Times ] ] Families of victims and groups that help the mentally ill have lobbied governments to erect similar barriers. One such barriers is the Luminous Veilon the Prince Edward Viaductin Toronto, once considered the world's second most deadly bridge with over 400 jumps on record. [ [http://www.gvsa.on.ca/revington.htm Suicide deterence ] ] The Sydney Harbour Bridge, The West Gate Bridge, the Jacques Cartier Bridgein Montreal, and the Arroyo Seco Bridge in Pasadena, Californiahave also seen barriers erected.
Special telephones with connections to
crisis hotlines are sometimes installed on bridges.
List of suicide sites
* [http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/object/article?o=3&f=/c/a/2005/10/30/MNG2NFF7KI1.DTL Golden Gate bridge - Graph of suicides per year]
* [http://sfgate.com/lethalbeauty/ Lethal Beauty] , a series of articles from the San Francisco Chronicle about suicides on the Golden Gate Bridge.
* [http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org National Suicide Prevention Lifeline]
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