- James Orange
James Edward Orange [http://www.mlkmarchaaar.org/rev_james_orange_founder_and_cha.htm Rev James Orange Founder and Chairman] , MLK March website biography. Accessed
2008-02-17.] ( October 29 1942– February 16 2008) was a pastor and civil rights activist in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement in America.
Orange was born in
Birmingham, Alabama, but moved to Atlanta, Georgiain the early 1960s. Orange, at over 6'3" tall and over 300 pounds, was physically impressive but deeply committed to non-violence. In his attempts to convert gang members in Chicago to adopt the same principles, he endured nine beatings without resistance. [http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20080217/us_nm/usa_civilrights_dc_1 Civil Rights Leader Who Marched With King Dies] , 2008-02-17, Reutersnewswire story.] He was also known for preaching and singing in a strong baritone voice.
Orange had a large family, several of whom were active in the civil rights movement. He was the third of his parents' seven children.. His father worked in the large ASIPCO foundry in Birmingham, but was fired in 1957 for union activity. Orange's mother was very active in the civil rights movement and also attended the Monday night mass meetings at the Sixteenth Street church. Still, he told an interviewer in on
January 15, 2000, "I was afraid to go home and tell my mamma that her daughters, one 17 and the other 14, were in jail. But that's the way it was in those days, as we waged — and won — a non-violent campaign against police clubs and police dogs."
At the time of his death in February, 2008, at Atlanta's Crawford Long Hospital, Orange was recovering from gallbladder surgery. [http://www.ajc.com/search/content/metro/stories/2008/02/17/orange0217.html The Rev. James Orange, 65, 'gentle giant' civil rights activist] ,
2008-02-17, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.] Orange had had a triple heart bypassoperation about six years before his death, and his health had declined over the years, despite his robust physique. [http://www.atlantaprogressivenews.com/news/0295.html Activist, Rev. James Orange, 1943-2008] 2008-02-17, Atlanta Progressive News. Accessed 2008-02-17.]
Orange's wife of 39 years, Cleophas, known as Cleo, [http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/us/AP-Obit-Orange.html Civil Rights Figure James Orange Dies] ,
2008-02-17, Associated Pressreport in the New York Times.] survived him, as did three daughters and a son. His youngest daughter, Pamela Aquica Orange, died on March 11, 2007.Fact|date=February 2008 His daughter Jamida Orange spoke to the press on behalf of the family at the time of his death.
Civil rights era
Speaking in July 1993,
Andrew Youngcalled Orange one of the "real soldiers of the movement ... a gentle giant." Quoted by the Atlanta Journal-Constitutionat Orange's death, Young said that when Orange was hired as a field organizer in the early 1960s, "He couldn't afford to go to college and was working as a chef. He quit his job and started going with us, although we were only paying $10 a week. And he never left." [http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/obits/stories/2008/02/16/orange_0217.html The Rev. James Orange, Civil Rights Activist, Dies at 65] , February 17, 2008, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.]
In 1962, when Orange was only a year out of high school, he attended went to one of the weekly Monday night mass meetings at the
Sixteenth Street Baptist Churchand was transfixed by a speech on equality by Reverend Ralph Abernathy. In a meeting in the church basement later that night, he volunteered to risk arrest picketing a local store the next day. He was arrested, the first of at least 104 arrests for picketing or acts of civil disobedience. [http://www.pww.org/past-weeks-2000/Rev.%20James%20Orange%20interview.htm An interview with Rev. James Orange] , by Fred Gaboury, 2000, People's Weekly World (newspaper). Accessed 2008-02-17.
As part of his early civil rights work for the
SCLCin Alabama, he was arrested and jailed prior to conviction in 1965 for contributing to the delinquency of minors by enlisting them to work in voter registration drives. [http://edition.cnn.com/2008/US/02/16/obit.orange/index.html James Orange, civil rights activist, dies at 65] , February 17, 2008, CNN News.] His detention in Perry County, Alabama, sparked fears that he would be lynched and a protest march was organized to support him.
During that march on
February 18, 1965, an Alabama state trooper fatally shot a young man, Jimmie Lee Jackson, in the stomach. In 2007, a former trooper named James B. Fowler, 74 years old, was indicted for the death of Jackson. Living witnesses and tapes of the day of the killing were expected to be used at his trial.
The 1965 uproar over Jackson's shooting during Orange's incarceration ultimately led to the famed
Selma to Montgomery marchesled by Martin Luther King, Jr., including the infamous police brutality on Bloody Sunday and passage of the Voting Rights Actlater that year.
Orange was a project coordinator at the
Southern Christian Leadership Conferencefrom 1965 to 1970, then later became a regional coordinator with the AFL-CIOin Atlanta, Georgia. He worked on at least 300 labor-organizing campaigns in that role.
In 1977, Orange worked on the organizing campaign of the
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Unionand won union representation and benefits for the workers at J.P. Stevenstextile and clothing factories. After that success, Orange was assigned to the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Department until 1996, when he joined their Atlanta field office.
Since 1995, Orange had served as the founder and general coordinator for the
Martin Luther King, Jr.March Committee-Africa/African American Renaissance Committee, Inc., which coordinated commemorative events honoring King and promoted commercial ties between Atlanta and other United Stateslocations and South Africa.
In 2004, Orange protested the interruption of Atlanta's King commemorations due to an uninvited appearance by
George W. Bush. Secret Service agents had initially planned to force organizers to cut their agenda short to accommodate Bush, whose plans included a photo opportunity of laying a wreath in honor of King before attending a major Republican Party fundraiser. After black leaders threatened to lock themselves into the site in question, an historic black church, the Secret Service permitted their symposium to go on, but with limited public access. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9506EFDE1130F936A25752C0A9629C8B63&scp=3&sq=%22james+orange%22&st=nyt Bush Plan to Honor Dr. King Stirs Criticism] , January 15, 2004, New York Times. Accessed 2008-02-18.]
According to a fellow activist speaking shortly after his death, "He stayed active right up until the end... The Martin Luther King celebration this year fell on the 21st
[of January, 2008]. He was still conducting it from his hospital bed. If you wanted something... he was still calling the shots."
Jimmie Lee Jackson
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
James Bevel — (b. October 19, 1936) is a civil rights activist who, as the Director of Direct Action and Nonviolent Education of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) initiated, strategized, directed, and developed the tactics for SCLC s three… … Wikipedia
Orange (name) — Orange is a surname and a given name. Surname James Orange (1943–2008), American civil rights activist Jason Orange (born 1970), British singer and Take That member Leroy Orange (born 1950), American citizen pardoned after wrongful murder… … Wikipedia
Orange Order — Orange Institution The Orange Order flag, also known as the Boyne Standard, consisting of an orange background with a St George s Cross and a purple star which was the symbol of Williamite forces. Formation 1796 in … Wikipedia
James II of England — James II redirects here. For other uses, see James II (disambiguation). James II VII King of England, Scotland a … Wikipedia
Orange County Sheriff's Department (California) — Orange County Sheriff s Department Abbreviation OCSD Patch of the Orange County Sheriff s Department … Wikipedia
Orange Juice — Datos generales Origen Glasgow, Escocia Información artística Género(s) Post punk … Wikipedia Español
Orange, New South Wales — Orange New South Wales The main street of Orange, Summer Street, as viewed from the vicinity of McNamara Street looking west in May 2008 … Wikipedia
James Wilson (Orangeman) — James Wilson was the founder of the Orange Institution, also known as the Orange Order.After a disturbance in Benburb on June 24, 1794, in which Protestant homes were attacked, Wilson appealed to the Freemasons, of which he was a member, James… … Wikipedia
Orange, Virginia — Town Train depot in Orange … Wikipedia
Orange, Connecticut — Town Orange Town Hall … Wikipedia