John Leland (Baptist)

John Leland (Baptist)

John Leland (May 14 1754 – January 14 1841) was a Baptist minister in Massachusetts and Virginia. He was an important figure in the struggle for religious liberty in the United States. Leland also later opposed the rise of missionary societies among Baptists.

Leland was born on May 14, 1754,in Grafton, Massachusetts. He describes his father as a Presbyterian and his mother as a "separate new-light" Christian. He was baptized in June 1774 by Elder Noah Alden. Leland joined the Baptist Church in Bellingham, Massachusetts in 1775. He left for Virginia around 1775/1776, and ministered there until 1791, when he returned to Massachusetts.

A well-known secular incident in Leland's life was The Mammoth Cheese. The people of Cheshire, Massachusetts made and sent a giant cheese to President Thomas Jefferson. Leland took the cheese from Cheshire to Washington, D. C., and presented it to President Jefferson on January 1, 1802. While there, Leland was even invited to preach to the Congress and the president. Of this incident he wrote, "In November, 1801, I journeyed to the south, as far as Washington, in charge of a cheese, sent to President Jefferson. Notwithstanding my trust, I preached all the way there and on my return. I had large congregations; let in part by curiosity to hear the Mammoth Priest, as I was called."

Leland held, in seminal form, to what has been called the "liberty of conscience" position on public policy theology. See John Cobin (2006), "Christian Theology of Public Policy: Highlighting the American Experience", Alertness Books.

Leland died on January 14, 1841 in Cheshire, Massachusetts, six days after preaching his last sermon. His tombstone reads, "Here lies the body of John Leland, who labored 67 years to promote piety and vindicate the civil and religious rights of all men." Several of Leland's hymns are preserved in the Sacred Harp.

Excerpts from his writings

baptist*"The notion of a Christian commonwealth should be exploded forever...Government should protect every man in thinking and speaking freely, and see that one does not abuse another. The liberty I contend for is more than toleration. The very idea of toleration is despicable; it supposes that some have a pre-eminence above the rest to grant indulgence, whereas all should be equally free, Jews, Turks, Pagans and Christians." - "A Chronicle of His Time in Virginia".

*"Truth disdains the aid of law for its defense — it will stand upon its own merits." - "Right of Conscience Inalienable".

*"Every man must give account of himself to God, and therefore every man ought to be at liberty to serve God in a way that he can best reconcile to his conscience. If government can answer for individuals at the day of judgment, let men be controlled by it in religious matters; otherwise, let men be free." - "Right of Conscience Inalienable".

*"Resolved, that slavery is a violent deprivation of rights of nature and inconsistent with a republican government, and therefore, recommend it to our brethren to make use of every legal measure to extirpate this horrid evil from the land; and pray Almighty God that our honorable legislature may have it in their power to proclaim the great jubilee, consistent with the principles of good policy." - Resolution for the "General Committee of Virginia Baptists" meeting in Richmond, Virginia in 1789.

External links

* [ John Leland and James Madison]
* [ Writing of John Leland Web Site] - (a work in progress)
* [ John Leland: Evolving Views of Slavery]
* [ Hymns by John Leland]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • John Leland (disambiguation) — John Leland may refer to:*Jon Leland (1947 ndash; ), American, president creative director of, ebook author *John Leland (1502 ndash;1552), English antiquary *John Leland (Presbyterian) (1691 ndash;1766), English Presbyterian… …   Wikipedia

  • Leland — may refer to: Places ;Norway * Leland, Norway;United States * Leland, Illinois * Leland, Iowa * Leland, Louisiana * Leland, Michigan * Leland, Mississippi * Leland, North Carolina * Leland, Utah * Leland Grove, Illinois * Leland Township,… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gower —     John Gower     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Gower     Poet; born between 1327 1330, probably in Kent; died October, 1408. He was of gentle blood and well connected. He may have been a merchant in London, but this cannot be authoritatively… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Primitive Baptist — Primitive Baptists (also known as Old School Baptists) are a group of Baptists that have a historical connection to the missionary / anti missionary controversy that divided Baptists of America in the early part of the 19th century. Those… …   Wikipedia

  • Gower, John — • Poet; born between 1327 1330, probably in Kent; died October, 1408 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gower, John     John Gower …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alma Hunt (Baptist leader) — Alma Hunt (5 October 1909 14 June 2008) was an influential and outspoken leader for women in the American Southern Baptist Convention. During her long tenure as executive secretary of the Woman s Missionary Union, from 1948 to 1974, she oversaw… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford Memorial Church — North façade of the Stanford Memorial Church from the Main Quad …   Wikipedia

  • Ассоциация теологических школ США и Канады — (англ. Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada / ATS )  организация, объединяющая семинарии и другие высшие теологические образовательные учреждения. [1] Штаб квартира ATS находится в Питтсбурге, штат… …   Википедия

  • Virginia Union University — Established 1865 Type Private, HBCU Religious affiliation America …   Wikipedia

  • List of abbeys and priories in England — Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Article layout 2 Abbreviations and key …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»