- Foreign relations of Kosovo
On 17 February 2008, the
Assembly of Kosovo, a body of the Provisional Institutions of Self-Governmentunder the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo(UNMIK), unilaterally declared independece. This move was controversial among the international community. As of 9 October 2008 the Republic of Kosovohas been recognised by Kosovorecognition UN member states and the Republic of China( Taiwan).
At present, fourteen states maintain embassies in
Pristina; additionally, Liechtenstein's interests are represented by the Swiss embassy. Kosovo is also host to six non-resident ambassadors, as well as 10 liaison offices. Russia maintains a liaison office with UNMIK.
The government of the Republic of Kosovo has allocated one million
euros to establish a Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Skender Hysenihas been requested to be the Foreign Minister. [ [http://www.newkosovareport.com/20080425906/Politics/One-million-euros-for-Kosovo-Foreign-Ministry.html "One million euros for Kosovo Foreign Ministry"] , "newkosovareport.com", 25 April 2008. Link accessed 2008-04-25.]
European Uniondoes not possess the legal capacity to diplomatically recognise any state; member states do so individually. The majority of member states have recognised Kosovo. To articulate a common EU policy of either support or opposition to Kosovan independence would require unanimity on the subject from all 27 member states, which does not presently exist. On 18 February, the EU officially stated that it would "take note" of the resolution of the Kosovo assembly. [cite web|url=http://euobserver.com/9/25684 |title=EUobserver.com |publisher=Euobserver.com |author=Elitsa Vucheva |date= |accessdate=2008-09-26] The EU is sending a EULEX mission to Kosovo, which includes a special representative and 2000 police and judicial personnel. [cite news|url=http://www.euractiv.com/en/enlargement/serbia-russia-fury-kosovo-independence-draws-near/article-170333|title=Serbia, Russia fury as Kosovo independence draws near|publisher=EurActiv|date=2008-02-15|accessdate=2008-02-20] [cite web|url=http://euobserver.com/9/25660 |title=EUobserver.com |publisher=Euobserver.com |author=Renata Goldirova |date= |accessdate=2008-09-26] show
Member states (22 / 27) Candidates (3 / 3)|
Austriasmallsup|‡ • Belgiumsmallsup|‡ • Bulgariasmallsup|‡ • Croatiasmallsup|‡† • Cyprussmallsup|‡‡ • Czech Republicsmallsup|‡ • Denmarksmallsup|‡ • Estoniasmallsup|‡ • Finlandsmallsup|‡ • Francesmallsup|‡ • Germanysmallsup|‡ • Greecesmallsup|‡‡ • Hungarysmallsup|‡ • Irelandsmallsup|‡ • Italysmallsup|‡ • Latviasmallsup|‡ • Lithuaniasmallsup|‡ • Luxembourgsmallsup|‡ • Macedonia smallsup|‡† • Maltasmallsup|‡ • Netherlandssmallsup|‡ • Polandsmallsup|‡ • Portugalsmallsup|‡ • Romaniasmallsup|‡‡ • Slovakiasmallsup|‡‡ • Sloveniasmallsup|‡ • Spainsmallsup|‡‡ • Swedensmallsup|‡ • Turkeysmallsup|‡† • United Kingdomsmallsup|‡: smallsup|‡ - Have already accepted Kosovo's independence separately.: smallsup|‡‡ - Have stated they will not recognise Kosovo.: smallsup|† - EU candidate countries.
Republic of Estoniaand the Republic of Kosovoconcluded diplomatic relations on April 24in 2008. Estonia, having previously announced readiness to recognize Kosovo's independence, officially recognized Kosovo on February 21in 2008. [ [http://www.vm.ee/est/kat_42/9632.html Eesti sõlmis Kosovoga diplomaatilised suhted] . Estonian Ministry of Foreign AffairsEt_icon]
Luxembourghas promised to give Kosovo €30 million over the next five years. Luxembourg said that the money was mainly for focus on professional training for Pristina and Mitrovica North authorities. [ [""] "newkosovareport.com" 29 April 2008Link accessed 05/05/08]
Polandrecognised Kosovo on 26 February 2008. [ [http://www.warsawvoice.pl/view/17345 Poland Recognizes Kosovo] ] In September 2008, President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński, stated that the that the original cause of the 2008 South Ossetia warwas not the Georgian operation, but the recognition of Kosovo's independence [ [http://wyborcza.pl/1,86871,5644159,Let_s_First_Help_Georgia__Then_Talk_about_Russia.html Let's First Help Georgia, Then Talk about Russia] ] and that he will block attempts to establish diplomatic relations of Poland with Kosovo at ambassadorial level. [ [http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics-article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=09&dd=25&nav_id=53743 Poland won't open embassy in Priština] ]
Albania has offered Kosovo a $3 billion pipeline deal from hydropower stations in
Albania, so that Kosovo can stay powered as the new semi-recognized state has not been fully able to sort out its power supply since becoming independent. [ [http://www.upi.com/International_Security/Energy/Briefing/2008/05/19/albania_asks_kosovo_to_agree_on_pipeline/3346/ "Albania asks Kosovo to agree on pipeline"] "" ( 19 May 2008) Link accessed 20/05/08]
Republic of Macedoniarecognised Kosovo on 8 October 2008. [ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7662149.stm"Kosovo receives recognition boost"] ]
Both countries have suffered hardships and oppression by other ethnic groups who once lived in the same nation as them.
Bengali peoplein East Pakistansuffered under a Punjabi dominated West Pakistan, as have Albanian majority Kosovo by a Serbian dominated central government. For reasons of differences and oppression of culture, race and enduring atrocities, both have sought for independence. Sunni Islamis a predominant religion in both countries and are generally secular and tolerant towards other religions (although Islam had been declared the state religion of Bangladesh and Islam isn't as influential in Kosovo's daily life). Due to these common grounds of tragic history, struggle for independenceand religion, they are considered the extra initiatives for Bangladesh to recognise Kosovo.
Bangladesh also sent its personnel to contribute towards the peacekeeping operations since the Kosovo crisis began and recently sent 120 policemen to the UN Kosovo mission. [ [http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90777/90851/6429252.html Bangladesh police contingent to join UN peacekeeping in Kosovo - People's Daily Online ] ]
Bangladesh originally declared that it will review the situation of Kosovo's independence and determine their actions afterwards. After a meeting between
Fakhruddin Ahmedand James F. Moriarty, Bangladesh has shown intentions of recognising the new nation soon.
29 June 2008the Prime Minister, Fakhruddin Ahmed, during a meeting with the United States Ambassador to Bangladesh, James F. Moriarty, has affirmed that "Bangladesh will recognize the new European country". The Prime Minister also assured the US ambassador that "Bangladesh is committed to lobbying Asian Muslim countries to recognize Kosovo. Bangladesh will actively contribute to the development of Kosovo". [ [http://www.newkosovareport.com/200806301003/Politics/Kosovo-to-receive-more-recognitions.html New Kosova Report - Kosovo to receive more recognitions ] ]
Although none of the Arab countries have so far recognised Kosovo's Independence,
Skender Hysenimet with ambassadors of Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatarand the United Arab Emiratesin May 2008 in Vienna. Qatar and Saudi Arabia indicated they had begun the recognition process and Abdulrahman Al-Suahibani, Chargé d'Affaires of the Saudi Arabian embassy in Vienna told Hyseni that he had been "instructed by his government to communicate to Kosovo’s Foreign Minister that Saudi Arabia will recognise Kosovo very soon".cite news|title=Kosovo Seeks Arab Recognition|work=balkaninsight.com|publisher=Balkan Investigative Reporting Network|date=2008-05-27|url=http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/main/news/10480/|accessdate=2008-05-27|quote=None of the Arab countries has recognised the move, although some, including Saudi Arabia, have indicated that they have begun the recognition process. The Charge d’Affaires of the Saudi Arabian embassy in Vienna, Abdulrahman Al-Suahibani, told Hyseni that he had been instructed by his government to communicate to Kosovo’s Foreign Minister that "Saudi Arabia will recognise Kosovo very soon"] In recent weeks, a dialogue has started in Kosovo between representatives from Kosovar and Arab civil society groups. However, this dialogue is opposed by the Kosovar government as some of the Arab representatives are dissidents in Arab states.
The issue of Kosovo is sensitive to Israelis, many of whom are descendants of survivors of various ethnic cleansing campaigns and genocides, including:
the Holocaust. Israelis have aided Kosovo refugees in the past, including establishing the only hospital for miles on Macedonia's border. Many Israelis have rallied in support of the Kosovar cause. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/315126.stm Israel divided on Kosovo] ] Jerusalem sent massive humanitarian aide to the besieged Kosovars during and after the 1998-1999 Kosovo War. Jewish groups worldwide are also involved in aide to Kosovo's Muslim majority, and even helped to rebuild mosques damaged during the fighting. The Israeli government has delayed recognizing Kosovo and chooses to monitor developments in the region and international community before making a decision. Some concerns include the fact the secession is unilateral, and that recognition may have implications on the Palestinian (and Israeli Arab) issue—an analogy the Albanian ambassador in Israel rejects, citing major historical and political differences. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?apage=2&cid=1203343699593&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Israel won't recognize Kosovo, for now | Jerusalem Post ] ] cite news|url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1195546731795&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull|title=Kosovo deserves independence|author=Tonin Gjuraj] Israel and Serbia also share increasingly close economic ties, and Serbia's ambassador in Israel claims he has been assured by Israeli officials that Israel will not recognize Kosovo. [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1196847321972 The case against Kosovo independence] ] However, Israeli officials indicate that that recognition is probably just a matter of time considering Israel's closest ally (the United States) and other "influential friends" in Europe have recognized the new state. [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1203343699593] [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/955214.html] Israel supports the Contact Groupprinciples.
Offices in Kosovo
Republic of Kosovodeclared independence, from Serbiaon 17 February 2008, countries that have recognised the new state have opened embassies. Kosovo is currently host to fourteen embassies. Additionally, Liechtenstein's interests are represented by the Swiss embassy.
Kosovo has yet to open any diplomatic missions abroad.
Membership in international organizations
Accession of Kosovo to the European Union
Foreign relations of Serbia and Montenegro
* [http://www.inyourpocket.com/data/download/Pristina_1.pdf Foreign representations] "(on page 43)"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Foreign relations of Malta — Malta This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Malta … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Philippines — is administered by the Philippines President and the nation s Department of Foreign Affairs. Much of the republic s international relations are dominated by the Philippines ties to the United States, of which the Philippines was historically a… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Turkey — Foreign relations of the Republic of Turkey are the Turkish government s policies in its external relations with the international community. Historically, based on the Western inspired reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, such policies have placed… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Serbia — Serbia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Serbia … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Denmark — Denmark This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Denmark … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Israel — Israel This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Israel Basic Laws Jerusalem Law … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Republic of Macedonia — Republic of Macedonia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Republic of Macedonia Constit … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Croatia — The following page shows the foreign relations of Croatia from past history, current events, international disputes and foreign support. Croatia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Croatia … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Finland — Finland This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Finland … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Italy — Italy This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Italy … Wikipedia