- Arjeplog Municipality
locationReadable=66° 2′ N 17° 57′ E
Arjeplog Municipality ("Arjeplogs kommun") is a municipality in
Norrbotten County, northern Sweden, where Arjeplogis the seat.
Arjeplog consists of only one
parish("socken") made a municipality, when the first Swedish local government acts were implemented in 1863. It has not been amalgamated with any other entity.
Arjeplog is Sweden's fourth largest municipality, but the fourth least populated. It is located by the shores of lake
Hornavan, Sweden's deepest lake and one of its largest. The municipality is popular because of the scenery of lake Hornavan, but also of its other untouched nature.
Arjeplog municipality consists of a terrain dominated by the
Scandinavian mountain rangeand many water areas. It boasts an unparalleled 8,000 lakes and streams, with three main rivers being the Pite River, Skellefte Riverand Lais River. The Skellefte River attaches south from lake Hornavan, and extends south-east to Skellefteåand the Gulf of Bothniaon the east coast.
About 80 kilometres north of the town Arjeplog one finds the national parks
Padjelantaand Sarek, both being situated in the western parts of the municipality of Jokkmokk.
Arjeplog also has 13
nature reserves, mostly mountain moorland, where endangered plants grow. Mountain Galtispuoda, with a height of 800 metres, is both a popular place of outlook, a nature reserve, and in the winter a popular place for skiing.
There lived people in today's municipality as early as 10,000 years ago, following the end of the last ice age. For a long time it was only populated by a fishing and hunting people, the
Sami people, who have their own language and breed reindeers in northern Sweden, and today have special rights as a Swedish minority group.
The population in Arjeplog was only a few hundred people in the 17th and 18th century, most of them Sami, and the rest of Sweden did not know much of them. Not only 1640 did the Swedish
Queen Christina of Swedenorder a church to be built in order to Christianize the Sami people in Arjeplog. The church was inaugurated in 1642. At first the deceased were buried under the earthen floor in the church, but eventually the stench became unbearable and the procedure had to end.
The interest in Arjeplog had been sparked when silver was found in the area in the 1620s, and a mining industry was established there 1635-1659. It has been estimated that the amount of silver mined was 36 kilograms per year.
In August 1659, the Danes and Norwegians – who were in the
Denmark-Norwayunion – attacked and burned down the mining village. The mining industry was then stalled for 120 years.
It was once again taken up in 1719, probably as a means of supporting the war of King
Charles XII of Sweden. The mining was upheld until 1810, when the low profits, harsh climate and the long distances led to its closure. There are still remains from that time in the village Adolfström.
There are also several names in the area such as "Silvervägen" ("Silver Road") and "Silversundet" ("Silver Strait") reminding of its silver history. When a Sami museum was built in the town of Arjeplog in 1965, it was appropriately named "Silvermuseet" (The Silver Museum). It is filled with Sami photos and artifacts.
Nasa silver mine
* [http://www.arjeplog.se Arjeplog] - Official site
* [http://www.arjeplogkartan.com/ The Arjeplog map]
* [http://www.silvermuseet.arjeplog.se/ The Silvermuseum] Swedish and English version
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arjeplog — Infobox Settlement official name = Arjeplog image caption = Arjeplog church pushpin subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Sweden subdivision type1 = Municipality subdivision name1 = Arjeplog Municipality subdivision type2 = County… … Wikipedia
Commune d'Arjeplog — Commune d Arjeplog … Wikipédia en Français
Commune de Arjeplog — Commune d Arjeplog Commune d Arjeplog … Wikipédia en Français
Överkalix Municipality — Överkalix kommun Municipality … Wikipedia
Övertorneå Municipality — Övertorneå kommun Municipality … Wikipedia
Arvidsjaur Municipality — Arvidsjaurs kommun Municipality … Wikipedia
Gällivare Municipality — Gällivare kommun Municipality … Wikipedia
Список коммун Швеции — по состоянию на 1 января 2009 года. Коммуны (швед. kommun) являются органами местного самоуправления в Швеции. В настоящее время 290 коммун объединены в 21 лен (швед. län). В 1971 году формальные различия между городскими территориями и… … Википедия
Hornavan — Infobox lake lake name = Hornavan image lake = Skelleftealven River map closer.gif caption lake = Lake Hornavan (upper left) in Sweden image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Swedish Lapland coords = coord|66|14|N|17|30|E|region:SE… … Wikipedia
Outline of Sweden — The … Wikipedia