- Korean War Memorial, Canberra
The Australian National Korean War Memorial is on ANZAC Parade, the principal ceremonial and memorial avenue in
Canberra, the national capital city of Australia.
Korean Warbegan on 25 June 1950when the forces of North Koreainvaded South Korea. 17,000 Australians fought under the command of the United Nationsuntil the armisticein 1953 . This memorial commemorates and honours those who died and served.
The design of the memorial characterises the period of the Korean War. The use of white and grey tones, and
graniteand gravel, recall the harsh climate and terrain that were lasting impressions for those who fought there.
On both sides of the memorial are figures representing Australian soldiers, sailors and airmen who served in Korea. Battlefield boulders are set in fields of
stainless steelpoles which symblise those who died.
A central walk-way leads to a semi-enclosed contemplative space. A boulder from a Korean battlefield is a focal commemorative point, and a word in the
Korean languagescript represents "Peace and Independence". Inside are images, maps and text etched into stainless steel panels telling the story of the Australians who served in the Korean War, on the left telling the general story and on the right telling of particular involvement of the Navy (nine ships and an air group), Army (3 RAR, and elements of 1 & 2 RAR), and Air Force (77 Squadron and other elements).
A scroll recognises the 21 nations that committed troops or medical units to the UN command.
obeliskat the front commemorates those who died with no known graves. The inscription, taken from the UN Memorial Cemetery, Pusan, is a poignant link with the Australians who are buried there.
Design: ANKWM Design Group (
Les Kossatz, Augustine Dall'Ava, David Bullpitt, Sand Hessel)
A ground-breaking ceremony was conducted on
17 September 1999by His Excellency Kim Dae-jung, President of the Republic of Korea and the Honourable John HowardMP, Prime Minister of Australia, which is commemorated by a foundation stone. The memorial was dedicated in the presence of His Excellency the Honourable Sir William DeaneAC K.B.E., Governor-General of Australiaand the Honourable John HowardMP, Prime Minister of Australia.
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