- Shippingport Atomic Power Station
Pic_des=The Shippingport reactor was the first full-scale PWR nuclear power plant in the United States
Duquesne Light Company
Beaver County, Pennsylvania
Pressurized water reactor
Region=1The Shippingport Atomic Power Station, "the world’s first full-scale atomic electric power plant devoted exclusively to peacetime uses," [http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/emerg-preparedness/history.html] was located near the present-day
Beaver Valley Nuclear Generating Stationon the Ohio Riverin Beaver County, Pennsylvania, about 25 miles from Pittsburgh. The reactor first went critical on December 2, 1957, and was in operation until October, 1982.
Shippingport was created and operated under the auspices of
Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, whose authority included a substantial role within the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).
The reactor was capable of an output of 60 MWe. The reactor was designed with two uses in mind: for powering aircraft carriers, and serving as a prototype for commercial electrical power generation. [http://books.google.com/books?id=BR1PQ6fPLz4C&pg=PA50&ots=v1sDQ-z8lZ&dq=Rickover,+Shippingport,+carrier&sig=SbpB67JP342tzgGwhG43un7dQkk] In 1977, it was converted to a Pressurized
Light-Water Breeder Reactor(PLWBR).
1953, US President Dwight D. Eisenhowergave his Atoms for Peacespeech to the United Nations. Commercial nuclear powergeneration was cornerstone of his plan. A proposal by Duquesne Light Companywas accepted by Admiral Rickover and the plans for the Shippingport Atomic Power Station started.
Ground was broken on Labor Day,
1954-09-06. President Eisenhower remotely initiated the first scoop of dirt at the ceremony [cite web |title= Historic Achievement Recognized: Shippingport Atomic Power Station, A National Engineering Historical Landmark |url=http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5643.pdf |format=PDF |pages=4 |accessdate=2006-06-24] . The reactor first went critical at 4:30 AM on 1957-12-02"ibid.", pp. 9] . On 1957-12-18, the first power was generated and full power was achieved on 1957-12-23, although the station remained in test mode. Eisenhower opened the Shippingport Atomic Power Station on 1958-05-26. The plant was built in 32 months at a cost of $72.5 million [cite web|url=http://www.nrc.gov/what-we-do/emerg-preparedness/history.html|title = NRC:History|accessdate=2006-06-24] .
October 1st, 1982, the reactor ceased operations after 25 years [cite web|url=http://www.nukeworker.com/nuke_facilities/North_America/usa/NRC_Facilities/Region_1/shippingport/index.shtml |title=Shippingport|accessdate=2006-06-24] . Dismantlement of the facility began in September 1985cite web|url=http://www.nuclearpowerprocon.org/pop/decommission.htm|title=Nuclear Energy Decommisioning|accessdate=2006-06-24] . In December 1988, the 956-ton (870-T) reactor pressure vessel/neutron shield tank assembly was lifted out of the containment buildingand loaded onto land transportation equipment in preparation for removal from the site and shipment to a burial facility in Washington State [cite journal | first = David | last = Duerr | year = 1990 | month = March | title = Lift of Shippingport Reactor Pressure Vessel | journal = Journal of Construction Engineering and Management | volume = 116 | issue = 1 | pages = 188–197 | url = http://www.pubs.asce.org/WWWdisplay.cgi?9000757 | doi = 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1990)116:1(188) ] . The site has been cleaned up and released for unrestricted use.
The $98 million (1985 estimate) cleanup of Shippingport has been used as an example of a successful reactor decommissioning by proponents of nuclear power. However, critics point out that Shippingport was smaller than most commercial
nuclear power plants; most reactors in the United States are about 1,000 MWe, while Shippingport was only 60 MWe.
* [http://www.fas.org/irp/imint/doe_shippingport_01.htm Brief history of site] Note: The picture above is the original site. This link shows the site after 1974 when Beaver Valley Units 1 and 2 were built adjacent the Shippingport Atomic Plant
* [http://www.ieee-virtual-museum.org/exhibit/exhibit.php?taid=&id=159249&lid=1&seq=17 Shippingport and Eisenhower]
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