Arrack


Arrack

Arrack is an alcoholic beverage that is distilled mainly in South Asia and South East Asia from fermented fruit, grain, sugarcane, or the sap of coconut palms.

Etymology

The word itself is derived from the Arabic word Arak (عرق, "‛araq"), which means "sweat" or "strong liquor" (and in that region is usually made from grapes).

Coconut arrack

Milky sap is taken from the flowers of coconut palm trees before the flowers bloom. The sap quickly ferments to become a mildly alcoholic drink called “toddy” or “palm wine,” which is then distilled in vats made of wood (usually halmilla or teak). The end product is a spirit whose taste is usually described as “somewhere between whiskey and rum.” It is generally distilled to between 33% and 50% alcohol by volume (66 to 100 proof).

Originally from South India, coconut arrack is now produced mainly in Sri Lanka. It is traditionally drunk either straight or with water, but it is also taken with ginger ale, cola, soda water, and in cocktails.

Arrack in different countries

ri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, Arrack is the most popular local alcoholic beverage. Most of the less expensive brands are a blend of coconut Arrack and neutral spirits. Some of the brands are
* V.S.O.A. ("Very Special Old Arrack")
* Old Reserve
* Extra Special
* Double Distilled

Main alcohol production Companies

* Mendis
* IDL
* DCSL
* Rockland

Indonesia

Batavia Arrack is distilled in Indonesia. It is the "rum" of Indonesia, because--like rum--it is distilled from sugar cane. It is a pot still distillation, a type of still which was influenced by the Chinese, who brought the distillation process to Indonesia.

To start the fermentation, local fermented red rice is combined with local yeast to give a unique flavour and smell of the distillate. It is distilled to approx. 70% alc. vol. Like rum, Batavia Arrack is often a blend of different original parcels.

Batavia Arrack is used as a component in liqueurs and punsch, and also in the confectionery and flavour industries. It is said to enhance the flavour when used as a component in other products, as in the herb and bitter liqueurs.

Philippines

Lambanog is distilled in the Philippines, commonly described as coconut wine or coconut vodka. The drink is distilled from the sap of the unopened coconut flower and is particularly potent, having a typical alcohol content of 80 to 90 proof after a single distillation, but may go as high as 166 proof after the second distillation.

As with Coconut Arrack, the process begins with the sap from the flower of the coconut palm trees. The sap is harvested into bamboo receptacles similar to rubber tree tapping. The collected sap is then put through a cooking or fermentation process to produce a coconut toddy called tuba which can then be distilled to produce Lambanog. Until recent years, Lambanog was considered a local drink comparable to moonshine or other home-brewed alcoholic beverages due to its long history as a cottage industry product.

Lambanog has recently been marketed in several flavors such as mango, blueberry, bubblegum, and cinnamon among others in an effort to appeal to all age groups. [http://www.american.edu/ted/lambanog.htm TED Case Study: Lambanog] ]

ee also

* Kumis
* Raki
* Fenny

Notes

References

*1828 Webster's Dictionary

External links

* [http://www.american.edu/ted/lambanog.htm TED Case Studies #782, 2005 by Jolene V. Porter, Lambanog: A Philippine Drink]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arrack — Ar rack (?; 277), n. [Ar. araq sweat, juice, spirituous liquor, fr. araqa to sweat. Cf. {Rack} arrack.] A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arrack — Mendis aus Sri Lanka Arrak (von arabisch ‏عرق‎ caraq, „Schweiß“) ist eine aus Palmzuckersaft (Melasse, vgl. Palmwein) und vergorener Reismaische gewonnene Spirituose, oft Reisbranntwein genannt, die in Indien (Go …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arrack — Arrack, so v.w. Arack …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • arrack — (n.) c.1600, probably picked up in India, ultimately from Arabic araq, lit. sweat, juice; used of native liquors in Eastern countries, especially those distilled from fermented sap of coconut palm, sometimes from rice or molasses …   Etymology dictionary

  • arrack — [ar′ək] n. [Fr arak < Ar ʼ araq, sweat, palm sap, liquor] in Muslim countries, strong alcoholic liquor, esp. that which is distilled from rice and molasses, and, sometimes, palm sap …   English World dictionary

  • arrack — [17] Arrack is an Asian alcoholic drink distilled from rice or molasses. The word comes ultimately from Arabic ‘araq ‘sweat, juice, liquor’, which was borrowed in a variety of forms into several Asiatic languages. The immediate source of English… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • arrack — [17] Arrack is an Asian alcoholic drink distilled from rice or molasses. The word comes ultimately from Arabic ‘araq ‘sweat, juice, liquor’, which was borrowed in a variety of forms into several Asiatic languages. The immediate source of English… …   Word origins

  • arrack — or arak noun Etymology: ultimately from Arabic ‘araq sweet juice, liquor Date: 1521 an Asian alcoholic beverage like rum that is distilled from a fermented mash of malted rice with toddy or molasses …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • arrack — /ar euhk, euh rak /, n. any of various spirituous liquors distilled in the East Indies and other parts of the East and Middle East from the fermented sap of toddy palms, or from fermented molasses, rice, or other materials. Also, arak. [1595… …   Universalium

  • arrack — noun A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine. See Also: raki, rakee …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.