Triumphal Arch of Orange


Triumphal Arch of Orange

Coordinates: 44°08′32″N 4°48′17″E / 44.142222°N 4.804722°E / 44.142222; 4.804722

Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the Monumental Arch of Orange *
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Monumental Arch of Orange
Country France
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, vi
Reference 163
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1981 (5th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO

The Triumphal Arch of Orange (French: Arc de triomphe d'Orange) is a triumphal arch located in the town of Orange, southeast France.[1] There is debate about when the arch was built,[2] but current research that accepts the inscription as evidence[3] favours a date during the reign of Augustus (63 BCE - 14 CE).[4] It was built on the former via Agrippa to honor the veterans of the Gallic Wars and Legio II Augusta. It was later reconstructed by emperor Tiberius to celebrate the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes in Rhineland.[4] The arch contains an inscription dedicated to emperor Tiberius in 27 AD.[5] On the northern (outward-facing) facade, the architrave and cornice have been cut back and a bronze inscription inserted, now lost; attempts at reconstructing its text from the placement of cramp holes for the projecting tines of its letters have not been successful.[6] The arch is decorated with various reliefs of military themes, including naval battles, spoils of war and Romans battling Germanics and Gauls. A Roman foot soldier carrying the shield of Legio II Augusta is seen on the north front battle relief.[5]

Description

The arch was built into the town's walling during the Middle Ages to guard the northern entry points of the town.[4] Architect Augustin Caristie studied the arch and carried out restoration work in the 1850s.[5] The arch was originally constructed using large unmortared limestone blocks. It has three arches, the center one being larger than the flanking ones. The entire structure measures 19.57 meters long by 8.40 meters wide, standing to a height of 19.21 meters.[4] Each façade has four semi-engaged Corinthian columns. The arch is the oldest surviving example of a design that was used later in Rome itself, for the Arch of Septimius Severus and the Arch of Constantine.

Notes

  1. ^ It is situated 600 meters north from the town center by route N7.
  2. ^ Bibliography of scholarship that rejects the inscription as evidence for dating the construction is presented by James C. Anderson, Jr., "Anachronism in the Roman Architecture of Gaul: The Date of the Maison Carrée at Nîmes" The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 60,1 (March 2001:68-79) p. 71 note 12; Anderson offers a revised date in the first half of the second century for the Maison Carrée: "in short, once the date of the Maison Carrée is called into question, the entire chronology for such Romano-Provençal monuments requires reassessment" (p. 72).
  3. ^ The traditional dating for the triumphal arches of Gallia Narbonensis is summarized in Pierre Gros, "Pour une chronologie des arcs de triomphe de Gaule narbonnaise", Gallia 37 (1979:55-83
  4. ^ a b c d Cleere, Henry (May 14, 2001). Southern France: An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Oxford University Press. pp. 122–123. ISBN 0192880063. 
  5. ^ a b c Bromwich, James (1993). The Roman Remains of Southern France: A Guidebook. Routledge. pp. 183–186. ISBN 0415143586. 
  6. ^ R. Amy, P.-M. Duval, J. Formigé, Ch. Picard, and A. Piganiol, L'Arc d'Orange (Paris, 1962).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triumphal arch — A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, in theory built to celebrate a victory in war, actually used to celebrate a ruler. Invented by the Romans, the classical triumphal arch is a free standing structure, quite… …   Wikipedia

  • Orange, Vaucluse — Orange Roman theatre …   Wikipedia

  • orange — /awr inj, or /, n. 1. a globose, reddish yellow, bitter or sweet, edible citrus fruit. 2. any white flowered, evergreen citrus trees of the genus Citrus, bearing this fruit, as C. aurantium (bitter orange, Seville orange, or sour orange) and C.… …   Universalium

  • Orange — /awr inj, or /; Fr. /aw rddahonnzh / for 3, 6, n. 1. a member of a European princely family ruling in the United Kingdom from 1688 to 1694 and in the Netherlands since 1815. 2. a river in the Republic of South Africa, flowing W from Lesotho to… …   Universalium

  • List of ancient Roman triumphal arches — List of ancient Roman triumphal arches(By modern country)France* Carpentras * Triumphal Arch of Orange, Orange * Reims: Porte de Mars * Saint Rémy de Provence: Roman site of Glanum * Saintes: Arch of GermanicusGermany* Porta Nigra, TrierGreece*… …   Wikipedia

  • Théâtre antique d'Orange — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the Triumphal Arch of Orange State Party = FRA Type = Cultural Criteria = iii, vi ID = 163 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1981 Session = 5th Link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Provence — The Architecture of Provence includes a rich collection of monuments from the Roman Empire; Cistercian monasteries from the Romanesque Period, medieval palaces and churches; fortifications from the time of Louis XIV, as well as numerous hilltop… …   Wikipedia

  • Arles — This article is about the city in France. For the medieval kingdom, see Kingdom of Arles. For the village in Ireland, see Arless. For the village in England, see Arle, Gloucestershire. Arles …   Wikipedia

  • Nancy, France — This article is about the city in France. For other uses, see Nancy (disambiguation). Nancy Place Stanislas – Fountain of Amphitrite …   Wikipedia

  • Canal du Midi — crossing the River Orb in Béziers Specifications Canal length: 240 km (150 mi) Max boat length …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.