- Bellefonte, Pennsylvania
official_name = Bellefonte, Pennsylvania
settlement_type = Borough
motto = Central Pennsylvania's Victorian Secret
image_caption = Downtown Bellefonte
mapsize = 250x200px
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Pennsylvania
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Centre
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1795
established_title2 = Incorporated (borough)
established_date2 = 1806
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 4.7
area_total_sq_mi = 1.8
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 6395
population_density_km2 = 1356.7
population_density_sq_mi = 3510.1
timezone = Eastern (EST)
timezone_DST = EDT
latd = 40
latm = 54
lats = 53
latNS = N
longd = 77
longm = 46
longs = 29
longEW = W
elevation_ft = 919
postal_code_type = Zip
postal_code = 16823
area_code = 814
website = [http://bellefonte.com/index.shtml Bellefonte]
Bellefonte is a borough in Centre County,
Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population in 2007 is approximately 7,000 [http://bellefonte.net/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=1&Itemid=39] . It is the county seatof Centre CountyGR|6 with the courthouselocated downtown on the square. The town features many examples of Victorian architecture, as well as a natural spring, from which the town gets its name (bestowed by Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgordduring a land-speculation visit to central Pennsylvania in the 1790s). However the spring, which serves as the town's water supply, has been covered to comply with DEPwater purity laws (not, as is commonly believed, for fear of its being poisoned).One of the town's historic sections experienced a renaissance in 2004. The "Match Factory" (officially the Pennsylvania Match Company), after standing vacant since 1996, was being renovated by the American Philatelic Societyas their new home, one building at a time. The site was placed on the National Register of Historic Placesin 2001 and the town was anxious to find an appropriate owner for the historic property. [ [http://www.post-gazette.com/localnews/20030810stamps0810p6.asp Pittsburg Post-Gazette: Aug 10, 2003-Philatelic society puts stamp on historic Bellefonte factory] ]
Bellefonte is located in the
Nittany Valleyof the Ridge and Valley Appalachiansat coord|40|54|53|N|77|46|29|W|region:US_type:city|display=inline (40.914684, -77.774756).GR|1
It lies 10 miles northeast of
State College, Pennsylvania.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), all of it land.
Bellefonte is in the northwestern corner of and is surrounded by Spring Township.
As of the 2000 censusGR|2, there were 6,395 people, 2,796 households, and 1,602 families residing in the borough. The
population densitywas 3,510.1 people per square mile (1,356.7/km²). There were 2,953 housing units at an average density of 1,620.8/sq mi (626.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.25% White, 0.91% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.
There were 2,796 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the borough the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $33,216, and the median income for a family was $42,378. Males had a median income of $31,221 versus $23,442 for females. The
per capita incomefor the borough was $18,659. About 8.6% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
The Bush House
The Bush House was built in 1868, by Daniel G. Bush. It was one of the first hotels in the country to have electric lights. A man would stand at the train station and call out to the passengers, "Walk ya' to the Bush House." The Bush House, the Brockerhoff House, the Haag House, and some other hotels were competitors. Thomas Edison stayed at the Bush House.
In the recent years, the Bush House had several businesses in it including Schnitzels Restaurant and it held receptions of various kinds. The Bush House burned down on February 8, 2006. [http://www.bellefontearts.org/Virtual_walk/Bush_House.htm]
In 1785, a miller named William Lamb decided to open a flour mill, so he could supply the settlers moving East. The community that developed was then called Lamb's Crossing, and the mill was called the Gamble Mill. It was rebuilt after a late 1800's fire and today it is a restaurant.
William Lamb sold his mill to James Dunlop. And the next year James and his father-in-law James Harris laid out block by block and the town became known as Bellefonte. As the years went by, Bellefonte boomed. Soon it was the most influential town between Pittsburgh and Harrisburg. [http://www.basd.net/middle/bellhist.htm]
The first-time visitors who walk along the victorian streets of Bellefonte see primarily victorian houses.
In the 1800's the first jail was built. It had an 8-foot underground dungeon, which was located on the rear of the lot of the present YMCA. A second jail was on East High Street.
Another example is the Hastings Mansion. The home which was owned by Mrs. John Lane was bought by Daniel H. Hastings and was remolded.
The development of Bellefonte has been a "natural town." It started with one house and a crossroad, then iron was found and the town grew. [http://bellefonte.com/history.html]
Notable natives and residents
George Grey Barnard, famous sculptor
Clifford Carlsonformer University of Pittsburgh men's college basketballcoach
Andrew Gregg Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania (1861-1867)
Jonathan Frakes, actor
John Irvin Gregg, Union armygeneral
Eric Milton, Major League Baseball player
Thomas M. Reynolds, U.S. Congressman
Jeremy Rose, horse jockey
John Montgomery Ward, Hall of Fame baseball playercite book |editor=Reichler, Joseph L.| title=The Baseball Encyclopedia |origyear=1969 |edition= 4th edition |year= 1979|publisher= Macmillan Publishing |location= New York|language= |id= ISBN 0-02-578970-8 ]
* [http://www.fantasyfootball.usatoday.com/content/player.asp?sport=CFB&id=86623/ Stewart Sampsel] , football quarterback,
Bellefonte and Snow Shoe Railroad
Bellefonte Central Railroad
Bellefonte Forge House
* [http://www.bellefonte.com Bellefonte.com Community Website]
* [http://bellefonte.com/imagearchive/index.php Images of Bellefonte ]
* [http://www.bellefontechamber.org Bellefonte Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.bellefonte.net Borough of Bellefonte (municipal offices)]
* [http://www.basd.net/sports/boyssoccer/ MAC Champions, Bellefonte Soccer homepage (high school athletics)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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