- Lim Yew Hock
name = Lim Yew Hock
order = 2nd
office = Chief Minister of Singapore
June 7, 1956
June 3, 1959
governor = Sir
Robert Brown Black(1955-1957)
Sir William Goode (1957-1959)
David Saul Marshall
Replaced by the
Prime Minister of Singapore
15 October 1914
30 November 1984(age 70)
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
party = Labour Front (1955-1957)
Singapore People's Alliance(1957-1984)
profession = Politician and Diplomat
Lim Yew Hock (zh-cp|c=林有福|p=Lín Yǒufú;
15 October 1914- 30 November 1984), later renamed Haji Omar Lim Yew Hock, was Singapore’s second Chief Minister from 1956 to 1959. He is known for suppressing the communist movements and leading the all-party delegation that won internal self-government for Singapore.
In 1956, the first Chief Minister David Marshall resigned after failing to gain full independence from British rule. Lim, then Minister for Labour and Welfare, became the Chief Minister and headed a new coalition government.
He began to suppress the anti-colonial activists and communists. He banished two
Chung Cheng High Schoolteachers and dissolved the Chinese Middle School Students' Union.
Chinese Middle School riotsbroke out in October 1956, Lim decided to take aggressive steps to stop the violence. With the support of the British Governor and Commissioner of Police, troops with tear gasand helicopters were brought in to end the riots. Many key pro-communist union leaders in the People's Action Party(PAP), including Lim Chin Siong, were detained under the Public Security Act.
With his strong measures against the unrests, the British gained more confidence in the local government's handling of internal security. Lim led an all-party delegation to negiotate with the British in a series of "
Merdekatalks" in the 1956 to 1958, and successfully won Singapore a new constitution granting internal self rule.
He dissolved the Labour Front and formed the
Singapore People's Alliance. However, his tough measures also ultimately led to his political downfall. It alienated a large portion of the Chinese-speaking electorate and this enabled the PAP to win the 1959 general election and form a new government of Singapore. The other reason for his political downfall was that Christmas Islandwas administered by Singapore at that time. However, it was transferred to Australia in 1957, and that incident made Lim Yew Hock unpopular.
However, he retained his seat in the Legislative Assembly by winning at Cairnhill instead of re-running at Havelock, beating incumbent
David Marshall, the seat which he held on till 1963.
In 1964 Lim was appointed Malaysian High Commissioner to Australia, based in
Canberra. In June 1966, he went missing from Canberra. A massive police search was unsuccessful in locating him. His wife and daughters went on national television to plead for his safe return, and the then Malysian Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, made a personal appeal from Kuala Lumpur and sent Malaysia's chief of protocol, Enche Abdul Rahman Jallal, to Sydney to help in the search. It was discovered that Lim had flown from Canberra to Sydneyunder the name "Hawk". It was also revealed that he had an ongoing association with a 19-year-old Kings Crossstripper, Sandra Nelson. Initially she too could not be located, but later said she had had no idea where Lim had been. Then, just as mysteriously as he had disappeared, Lim turned up after being missing for ten days. A passing stranger had discovered him ill, wandering on a Sydney street, and took him in. Apparently the stranger was not aware of Lim’s identity for nine days, and had not even made the connection from the nationwide media coverage of his disappearance. The stranger drove him to Canberra to return him to the High Commission. The stranger’s identity was never revealed. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,835866,00.html Time magazine, 1 July 1966: "The Diplomat and the Samaritan"] ]
In later years Lim became a
Muslimand adopted the name of Haji Omar Lim Yew Hock. He died in Saudi Arabiaon 30 November 1984and was buried in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
* [http://infopedia.nlb.gov.sg/articles/SIP_822_2004-12-28.html Biography of Lim Yew Hock]
David Saul Marshall
Chief Minister of Singapore
June 7, 1956- June 3, 1959
Replaced by the
Prime Minister of Singapore
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