An aviary is a large enclosure for confining birds. Unlike "cages", aviaries allow birds a larger living space where they can fly; hence, aviaries are also sometimes known as "flight cages". Aviaries often contain plants and shrubbery to simulate a natural environment.

Types of aviaries

Public aviary

Large aviaries are often found in the setting of a zoological garden (for example, London Zoo, Washington Zoo and San Diego Zoo).
Pittsburgh is home to the USA's National Aviary, perhaps the most prominent example of an aviary not set inside a zoo. The first large aviary inside a zoological garden was established in 1880 in the setting of the Rotterdam Zoo.

In 1902, a flying cage was completed in the setting of the National Zoological Park of the Smithsonian Institution.A new "Great Flying Cage" was built in 1964. [ [http://siarchives.si.edu/findingaids/faru0074.htm National Zoological Park, Records, 1887-1966] , Smithsonian Institution Archives.]

The Saint Louis Zoo is home to the 1904 World's Fair Flight Cage. It is one of only two permanent structures built for the World's Fair which still remain (the other is the Saint Louis Art Museum's Cass Gilbert building). In 1904, it was the largest bird cage ever built. It remains one of the world's largest free-flight aviaries. The convert|228|ft|m long, convert|84|ft|m wide, and convert|50|ft|m high cage was built specifically for the St. Louis World's Fair. Local pride in the giant cage motivated St. Louis to finally establish a zoo in 1910.

List of public aviaries
* Bloedel Floral Conservatory
* Jurong BirdPark
* Kuala Lumpur Bird Park
* Living Coasts
* National Aviary
* Niagara Falls Aviary
* Nicholas Wildlife Aviary Complex, Botanic Gardens St. Vincent
* Palmitos Park
* Snowdon Aviary
* Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park
* Tracy Aviary

Home aviary

Home aviaries are popular with bird fanciers who have the space for them. Many bird breeders list themselves as "aviaries", since most bird pairs breed best in aviaries in contrast to breeding "cages". The traditional home aviary is a do-it-yourself product, although these days sturdy, commercial aviaries are available to fit all spaces (indoor/outdoor), sizes and budgets.

There are two main subcategories of home aviaries: grounded aviaries and suspended aviaries. Grounded aviaries are affixed to the ground with a concrete base to prevent rats and other vermin from entering. Suspended aviaries are suspended in the air with only the 'legs' of the aviaries affixed to the ground; hence, the need for a protective base is eliminated in suspended aviaries. Most grounded aviaries typically feature a woodwork or PVC frame unlike the metal frame of public aviaries; however, it isn't uncommon for suspended aviaries to feature a metal frame.


External links

* [http://www.stlzoo.org/yourvisit/thingstoseeanddo/historichill/1904flightcage.htm 1904 Flight Cage]
* [http://www.tracyaviary.org Tracy Aviary]
* [http://www.oac.cdlib.org/affiliates/images/csdhi/kt0290182t/hi-res/11499.jpg1926 Scripps Aviary, San Diego Zoo ]

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  • Aviary — A vi*a*ry, n.; pl. {Aviaries}. [L. aviarium, fr. aviarius pertaining to birds, fr. avis bird, akin to Gr, ?, Skr. vi.] A house, inclosure, large cage, or other place, for keeping birds confined; a bird house. [1913 Webster] Lincolnshire may be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aviary — (n.) 1570s, from L. aviarium place in which birds are kept, neuter of aviarius of birds, from avis bird, from PIE *awi bird (Cf. Skt. vih, Avestan vish bird, Gk. aietos eagle ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • aviary — ► NOUN (pl. aviaries) ▪ a large enclosure for keeping birds in …   English terms dictionary

  • aviary — [ā′vē er΄ē] n. pl. aviaries [L aviarium < avis, bird] a large cage or building for keeping many birds …   English World dictionary

  • aviary — aviarist /ay vee euh rist/, n. /ay vee er ee/, n., pl. aviaries. a large cage or a house or enclosure in which birds are kept. [1570 80; < L aviarium a place where birds are kept, n. use of neut. of aviarius pertaining to birds. See AVI , ARY] *… …   Universalium

  • aviary — UK [ˈeɪvɪərɪ] / US [ˈeɪvɪˌerɪ] noun [countable] Word forms aviary : singular aviary plural aviaries an enclosed area where birds are kept …   English dictionary

  • aviary — [[t]e͟ɪvjəri[/t]] aviaries N COUNT An aviary is a large cage or covered area in which birds are kept …   English dictionary

  • aviary — noun (plural aries) Etymology: Latin aviarium, from avis bird; akin to Greek aetos eagle Date: 1577 a place for keeping birds confined …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aviary — noun A house, enclosure, large cage, or other place for keeping birds confined; a bird house …   Wiktionary

  • aviary — a|vi|a|ry [ˈeıviəri US ˈeıvieri] n plural aviaries [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: aviarium, from avis bird ] a large ↑cage where birds are kept …   Dictionary of contemporary English